The cost of renewing a passport is to rise by up to a quarter from Thursday in order to pay for new measures to tackle fraud.
A standard passport will cost £42
The fee for a standard 10 year adult passport will increase from £33 to £42 and a child's passport will rise from £19 to £25.
In addition, travellers will no longer be allowed to amend passports.
The cost of getting a passport quickly will also rise.
The guaranteed same-day premium service will rise from £78 to £89 for a standard passport, from £64 to £71 for a child's passport, and from £85 to £95.50 for a 48-page passport.
The one-week "fast track" service will rise from £63 to £70.
Fees for applications made overseas to British consular posts will also rise, but they will continue to offer an amendment service.
The millions raised by charging more for UK passports will be used to set up fraud investigation units in passport offices across the UK, and to invest in new technology.
Last year, the UK Passport Office said that within four years British passports could be fitted with computer chips.
These could contain biometric information about their holders' fingerprints, iris patterns, hand geometry, and voice print.
The introduction of biometric chips in passports would bring the UK into line with new International Civil Aviation Organisation standards on preventing passport fraud.