Young adults across Europe are living at home with their parents for longer, a study has found.
Education costs are now a major burden
The rising costs of housing and further education together with a reduction in state support is making it increasingly hard for people in the 18-24 age group to strike out on their own.
The research, by independent market analyst Datamonitor, found that 67% of 18-24 year olds across Europe still relied on their parents for housing last year.
There is also an increasing likelihood that young people in Northern Europe return home having left, a phenomenon described as 'boomeranging'.
For those that have flown the family nest, cohabiting with a partner is the most popular living arrangement, accounting for 4.3 million young adults across Europe in 2002.
Percentage of 18-24 year olds still living at home
Economic considerations seem to dominate in Northern Europe while strong family ties persuade many young people in Mediterranean countries to live with their parents.
In excess of 90% of young Italian and Spanish adults still live at home.
But in the UK and France only 57% of 18-24 year olds live at home, while young adults in Sweden are the most independent more than 50% having cut the apron strings.
"The increasing tendency to live at home for longer, or return after having left previously, is as much a function of the constraints facing young adults as it is personal choice," said Daniel Bone, the report's author.