Europe South Asia Asia Pacific Americas Middle East Africa BBC Homepage World Service Education



Front Page

World

UK

UK Politics

Business

Sci/Tech

Health

Education

Sport

Entertainment

Talking Point
On Air
Feedback
Low Graphics
Help

Sunday, September 27, 1998 Published at 19:15 GMT 20:15 UK


Business: The Company File

Japanese bank collapses

The LTCB nearly collapsed in June

A Japanese leasing company with more than $16bn in debt has filed for for bankruptcy, making it the country's worst financial collapse since World War II.


Real Video: Juliet Hindell reports from Tokyo in the wake of the financial shockwaves
Japan Leasing Corporation is an affiliate of the ailing Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan.

Company president Hiroaki Okamoto said: "Our efforts to restructure the company proved to be impossible...I deeply apologise to our creditors and for the effects this will have on the financial system."

The failure was the latest in a series of bankruptcies in a country which is struggling through its deepest recession in decades.

Tokyo-based credit research firm Teikoku Data Bank, seen as an authority on bankruptcies, said it would be the biggest ever in Japan.

'Good sign'

Instead of starting a market meltdown, share prices rose as analysts said the failure might even be good for Japan's ailing banking sector.


[ image: Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi - reputation at stake]
Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi - reputation at stake
Some said the collapse eliminated a potential sticking point in government efforts to pass a series of banking bills to clean up the country's bad-loan problems.

"This is a step forward, and is very positive in regard to passing the bank bills," said Koyo Ozeki, a bank analyst at Merrill Lynch Japan.

Japan Leasing owed 250bn yen ($1.8bn) to LTCB, the bank at the centre of reform debate.

The question of what to do with that debt had been a contentious issue.

The ruling party had supported an LTCB plan to write off its loans to Japan Leasing, but opposition parties would not support using taxpayer's money to bail out LTCB if it let its creditors off so lightly.

Political parties reached an agreement over the weekend on key financial reform bills, including a plan to temporarily nationalise LTCB.

That would make it impossible for LTCB to write off debts owed by affiliates, including Japan Leasing, which therefore had no choice but to file for bankruptcy.

Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi urged traders to be calm as markets opened, but his call was hardly needed.

Shares in Tokyo started higher and continued to climb throughout the day. The Nikkei index rose 185.53 points to close at 13,903.37, up 1.35%.

LTCB shares did not fare so well, opening sharply lower and briefly hitting an all-time low of 13 yen before rebounding slightly to 14 yen.

The shares were worth 24 yen at close on Friday.

Latest failure

Japan's worst previous bankruptcy was Crown Leasing, a lender with debts of 1.18 trillion yen ($8.86bn) that went under in April 1997.

But this does not take into account failures which happened without formal bankruptcy filings, such as the collapse of Yamaichi Securities.

Yamaichi announced last November that it was winding up operations, leaving debts of more than 3 trillion yen ($22.38bn) and 8,000 people without work.



Advanced options | Search tips




Back to top | BBC News Home | BBC Homepage | ©


The Company File Contents

Relevant Stories

28 Sep 98 | The Economy
Japan agrees bank reform deal

22 Sep 98 | The Economy
Clinton tells Obuchi to speed up reforms

24 Aug 98 | The Economy
Bank rescue "to save financial system"





Internet Links

Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan


The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.




In this section

Microsoft trial mediator welcomed

Vodafone takeover battle heats up

Christmas turkey strike vote

NatWest bid timetable frozen

France faces EU action over electricity

Pace enters US cable heartland

Mannesmann fights back

Storehouse splits up Mothercare and Bhs

The rapid rise of Vodafone

The hidden shopping bills

Europe's top net stock

Safeway faces cash demand probe

Mitchell intervenes to help shipyard

New factory creates 500 jobs

Drugs company announces 300 jobs

BT speeds internet access

ICL creates 1,000 UK jobs

National Power splits in two

NTT to slash workforce

Scoot links up with Vivendi

New freedom for Post Office

Insolvent firms to get breathing space

Airtours profits jump 12%

Freeserve shares surge

LVMH buys UK auction house

Rover - a car firm's troubles