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Monday, 3 September, 2001, 08:34 GMT 09:34 UK
Getting the job: some tips
This is the fifth part of BBC News Online's "kick-start your career" guide
By BBC News Online's personal finance reporter Sarah Toyne
Considering telling a fib about the grade you got for your physics O level?
Or brag about your ascent of Mount Everest, when you were trekking in its lower reaches?
If so, your career could end up languishing in the foothills.
One in three people have lied on their CVs in the belief that employers never check up on them, according to a recent survey.
But big companies are wising up, with a range of measures to sift out the facts from CV fiction.
Selection procedures are becoming more stringent, with arrange of aptitude tests, psychometric tests and lengthy interviews - up to four or five sessions in some cases.
With the economy feeling the pinch, the job market is becoming increasingly competitive.
As a consequence, career counsellors are warning people to be resilient and to persevere.
Angela Baron of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) says: "The whole selection process is discriminatory by its very nature. They want to find the right person for their organisation.
"The final judgement may be between a few people who can do the job just as well but one person might fit in better. Do not give up. It (missing out on a job) does not mean that you are not any good."
Ms Baron says that way to get a job is to see yourself as a product that you are marketing.
It is therefore essential to think carefully about your Curriculum Vitae (CV) and covering letter.
Thanks to the internet, there are now a number of online resources where you can get information on writing a CV.
Try the websites of Monster, Michael Page, and Manpower for useful advice.
But here are Angela Baron's ten tips:
• 1. Keep it short - a ten page life history will probably head straight for the bin.
• 2. Headlines only. The CV is a marketing document. Use it to promote the highlights of your career.
• 3. Keep it simple. Resist the temptation to use jargon - the recruiter may not understand them.
• 4. Do not make spelling mistakes. If your spelling is questionable use a spellchecker or get a friend to read it through.
• 5. Pay attention to layout - make it eye-catching by good use of headings and borders.
• 6. Put the most important information first. Leave all the boring stuff like your contact details to the end.
• 7. Don't tell lies. Employers are wising up to the fact that some people add on the odd qualification and are more likely to check.
• 8. Market yourself positively. Demonstrate your skills with short examples of your achievements.
• 9. Put a short statement up front of no more than one paragraph describing in as few words as possible your most marketable skills and abilities.
• 10. Accompany it with a tailored letter saying why you think your skills and abilities match the job for which you are applying.
Few people enjoy undergoing interviews, with the most fear reserved for classic questions such as "What are your weaknesses or your greatest achievement?".
While you should prepare yourself for questions like these, the good news is that they are becoming rarer.
Experts say questions are increasingly focused on your experience - and whether you will 'fit' in with the organisation's culture.
So it is essential to do your homework about the company: its role, future direction and working environment.
Maintain eye contact, make positive answers from negative questions and be forthcoming with information.
But the interview is not just about the content of your answers.
Some people say that the interview is over within minutes of you walking through the door. So what should you wear?
Wearing the right clothes to an interview will improve your chances greatly.
Caroline Baxter, fashion editor of Cosmopolitan says: "You can make up for other areas by presenting yourself to be a clean cut, dependable person."
"You still have to be smart even if you are going for an interview in a record shop - you must respect the interview situation. There are unwritten rules and you must abide by them."
Caroline's tips for women:
Caroline's tips for men:
You may hate working at your company so much, that you can't wait to tell someone that you have got another job.
While a verbal remark may not be enough to get you sacked, you should only resign until you are certain that you have got the job - and in writing.
Ian Hunter, an employment lawyer and author of the Which? guide to employment, says: "Don't resign if you have any worries such as not passing the medical or getting satisfactory references, even if you have signed the contract."
If you have a package of company benefits in your current job, what happens to them when you leave?
Look at the terms of your pension, but broadly speaking the move will result in you plan being "frozen".
You can either leave it where it is to grow and then draw from it at a specified retirement age, or it can be transferred into another pension plan.
Chas Roy-Chowdhury of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) says: "The general rule is that you are allowed to continue using your car over a notice period even if in lieu of notice. You will be taxed on it as a benefit in the normal way.
If the car is given to you when you leave as a part of your severance package and it was negotiated while you were still employed, it would be treated as though the market value of the car were given to you in cash and subject to Pay as you earn (PAYE).
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