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Thursday, 22 March, 2001, 19:58 GMT
Argentina embarks on tax reform
Domingo Cavallo
Domingo Cavallo is asking for special powers
Argentina's new finance chief Domingo Cavallo plans a series of financial reforms to bring the country back to health.

To push through his reforms, Mr Cavallo is asking Congress to grant him special powers, and he hopes to win the support of the country's legislators within weeks.

Cavallo reforms
New tax on financial transactions
Tax incentives for business investment
Streamlined labour laws
Cheaper import tariffs for raw materials
Removal of red tape
A spokesman for President Fernando de la Rua has stressed that the president would have "political responsibility" for the reforms that Mr Cavallo has outlined.

The new minister aims to impose a tax on financial transactions, which would boost the government's coffers.

Other tax changes would be designed to encourage companies to invest in their businesses.

Argentina suffers from endemic tax evasion and loses up to half of its taxes.

Job creation

Mr Cavallo also plans to cut Argentine production costs by 20% and proposes streamlining labour laws, which he says "inhibit job creation".

Additionally, changes to import tariffs would make it cheaper for Argentine businesses to import machinery and raw materials.

However, imported goods would be made more expensive to protect domestic manufacturers.

Economists and analysts gave the plan a mixed welcome.

Unions protest

The country's trade unions, however, are still distinctly unhappy and have staged a 24-hour strike.

Trade Union protests
Trade Unions remain sceptical of Mr Cavallo's reforms
The country, which is Latin America's third largest economy, has been in recession for almost three years.

Mr Cavallo replaces Ricardo Lopez Murphy and is Argentina's third economy minister in as many months.

Mr Lopez Murphy resigned over the deep unpopularity of his austerity programme, which proposed $8bn of public spending cuts.

Ballooning deficit

The new minister is credited with combating hyper-inflation when he served as the country's finance chief during the early 1990s.

Unemployment in Argentina is near 15% and the country is saddled with a ballooning deficit.

In October, Argentina suffered a financial crisis that lasted for months after investors became concerned that the country would not meet its debt obligations.

A $37.9bn bail-out package by the International Monetary Fund in December was designed to help ease the country's problems.

Argentine stocks fell 7% on Thursday afternoon as rumors swirled that the country's economic crisis could lead to the resignation of President Fernando de la Rua.

The government, however, has denied the rumors, calling them "ridiculous".

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See also:

21 Mar 01 | Business
Argentina vows to end recession
19 Mar 01 | Americas
Argentina forms unity government
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Argentina's economy minister quits
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Argentine economy minister named
04 Mar 01 | Americas
Political turmoil in Argentina
07 Oct 00 | Americas
Argentina's vice-president quits
19 Dec 00 | Americas
IMF bails out Argentina
24 Nov 00 | Americas
Argentina paralysed
23 Nov 00 | Business
Argentina's economic tightrope
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