Australian police have charged a 27-year-old Indian doctor linked to the suspected UK bomb attempts.
Haneef was arrested under new anti-terrorism laws in Brisbane
Mohammed Haneef has been charged with providing "reckless support" to a terrorist organisation.
He is alleged to have provided a mobile phone SIM card to two of his second cousins, both detained in Britain.
Dr Haneef, who has denied having any involvement in the alleged attacks, was stopped at Brisbane airport on 2 July as he tried to leave for India.
The inquiry is linked to the suspected attempted car bombings in central London and Glasgow airport last month.
Dr Haneef is alleged to have provided the mobile phone SIM card to Sabeel and Kafeel Ahmed.
The brothers are being held by British police. Neither man has been charged.
"The specific allegation involves recklessness rather than intention," Federal Police Chief Mick Keelty said from the Australian capital, Canberra.
The charges carry a maximum sentence of 15 years in jail.
Dr Haneef's lawyer applied for bail and the court has delayed taking a decision until Monday due to the case's complexity.
Dr Haneef is one of eight people who have been detained over the alleged attacks. The others - all linked to the medical profession - were picked up in the UK.
He came to Australia in September last year and worked as a registrar at a hospital on Queensland's Gold Coast.
Before that he had worked in the National Health Service in Britain.
A major investigation has been under way in the UK since two cars containing petrol, gas cylinders and nails were discovered in central London on 29 June. They failed to explode.
One day later, a burning car loaded with gas cylinders was driven into the main terminal building at Glasgow's international airport. Two men were arrested at the scene and are now in custody.