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Last Updated: Wednesday, 13 June 2007, 06:58 GMT 07:58 UK
Khmer Rouge trials ready to start
Cambodian monk takes a picture of human skulls at Choeung Ek killing field in Phnom Penh, Cambodia - 31/05/07
Two million people are believed to have died under the Khmer Rouge
The long-awaited Khmer Rouge trials in Cambodia are ready to start, after a panel of judges approved ground rules.

The deal was reached in a week-long meeting, after a delay of more than six months because of disagreements between local and UN-appointed legal officials.

The tribunal is expected last for three years, with trials starting in 2008.

As many as two million are thought to have died during the four years of Khmer Rouge rule in the late 1970s, but no-one has ever faced charges.

The movement's former leader, Pol Pot, died nine years ago.

But the regime's former head of state, Khieu Samphan, and Foreign Minister Leng Sary have both been living freely in Cambodia.

Will try cases of genocide and crimes against humanity
Five judges (three Cambodian) sit in trial court
Cases decided by majority
Maximum penalty is life imprisonment
Budget of $56.3m

Tribunal co-prosecutor Robert Petit said the rules had been agreed unanimously by the panel.

"These rules will ensure us fair and transparent trials," he told reporters.

Almost a third of the court's three-year mandate has already passed, but Mr Petit says the time has not been wasted.

"Given all the complexities and after intensive work and consultations, we are pleased to have finalised the rules in a reasonable time. It has been a worthwhile process and it has been essential to take time to prepare this draft."

The local and international legal officials had struggled to find ways to incorporate international law into proceedings that fall under Cambodian jurisdiction.

But after months of negotiations, they have settled their differences, says the BBC's Guy Delauney in Phnom Penh.

Foreign lawyers will now be allowed to represent defendants and victims may file complaints to the courts as long as they do so as a group.

It means the courts will be able to move forward with the process of prosecuting former Khmer Rouge leaders.

The prosecutors say they will be ready to hand over the files to the investigating judges within weeks, our correspondent adds.

Official confirmation of which former Khmer Rouge leaders will be charged should follow.

Long hiatus

A meeting in November last year ended in disarray - and the future of the process looked bleak.

Meeting of Cambodian and foreign judges in Phnom Penh, Cambodia - 04/06/07
A similar meeting last year ended without agreement

But this time the mood was cordial.

Earlier, officials told the BBC that there were no serious disagreements during the meeting.

Many of the legal officials have had little to do during the long hiatus caused by the dispute, although prosecutors have continued to compile evidence.

Rocky road to Khmer Rouge trial
26 Feb 07 |  Asia-Pacific
Key Khmer Rouge trial talks held
04 Jun 07 |  Asia-Pacific
Khmer Rouge trials a step closer
28 Apr 07 |  Asia-Pacific
Deal nearer on Khmer Rouge court
16 Mar 07 |  Asia-Pacific
Timeline: Cambodia
19 Apr 07 |  Country profiles

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