By Dan Griffiths
BBC News, Beijing
China's state-controlled Catholic Church has ordained a new bishop - without the consent of Pope Benedict.
China does not recognise the Pope's authority
The move is likely to underline the differences between the Vatican and the Chinese government.
Father Wang Renlei was ordained in a church in the eastern province of Jiangsu.
He is the third bishop this year to be ordained without the Vatican's approval, a move which will increase tensions between the two sides.
It will also undermine recent efforts to restore diplomatic ties between China and the Vatican, which have been severed since the 1950s.
Since then, China has organised its own Catholic church which it says has the right to appoint bishops, something the Vatican has always disputed.
The state-run Chinese Catholic Church has four million followers, but it is thought that millions more belong to underground organisations loyal to the Vatican.