A New Zealand man who removed a condom during sex with a prostitute has been fined for putting her life at risk.
Prostitution was legalised in New Zealand in 2003
Daniel James Morgan, 48, was ordered to pay NZ$400 (£153) plus costs in what is believed to be the first case of its kind in the country.
The case, at Christchurch District Court, was brought under New Zealand's 2003 Prostitution Reform Act, which gives sex workers greater rights.
Morgan, who pleaded guilty, could have been fined up to NZ$2,000.
But a spokesman for the New Zealand Prostitutes' Collective said the case sent out an important message to others.
"As a test case, it was a minimum fine but it shows that the act is working," Calum Bennachie told Reuters news agency.
"The social penalty is a lot larger. He is a married man, his name has been given in open court as having gone along to a sex worker, so there's a lot of stigmatisation that goes along with that as well.
"Quite often the stigmatisation will prevent other people from doing the same thing," he said.
The prostitute told reporters outside court that she faced an agonising six-week wait for the results of an HIV test.
"It feels like a death sentence. I still don't know whether it will be or not," she was quoted by Reuters as saying.
Morgan reportedly told the court he had removed the condom because he knew the prostitute would not have consented to have sex with him otherwise.