Europe South Asia Asia Pacific Americas Middle East Africa BBC Homepage World Service Education

Front Page



UK Politics







Talking Point

In Depth

On Air

Low Graphics

Wednesday, September 29, 1999 Published at 23:54 GMT 00:54 UK

World: Asia-Pacific

US veterans confess Korean War atrocity

US generals thought refugee columns fleeing the North Korean advance could hide communist agents

A group of American veterans have publicly acknowledged for the first time that they machine-gunned hundreds of helpless civilians in the early days of the Korean war.

The massacre took place under the No Gun Ri railway bridge in the South Korean countryside, and the soldiers said that as many as 300 South Koreans could have been killed.

Like the conflict in Vietnam, Korea is a war that Americans would rather forget -- and since it ended in 1953, the group of former GIs have never spoken publicly about what they have described as the massacre of No Gun Ri.

[ image: Edward Daily still hears the cries of the dying]
Edward Daily still hears the cries of the dying
Many of the victims were women and children, who, in the desperate first weeks of the war, tried to flee the country.

The precise death toll will never be known.

The soldiers were ordered to shoot because of the fear that Communist North Koreans would try to penetrate American lines by hiding amongst the refugees.

"We simply annihilated them," said one former GI.

No official record

The Pentagon has said that it has found no evidence to substantiate the soldiers' stories and there is no mention of any such massacre in the official army record.

The BBC's Stephen Sackur: "Old wounds have been reopened."
Victims of the shootings and their relatives have long sought compensation from the South Korean authorities. But last year, the government's compensation committee rejected their claim, saying that a five-year statute of limitations expired long ago.

The campaigners have always contended that the events of July 1950 were three days of unprovoked carnage. The accounts of the GIs who were there would appear to support that view.

Edward L Daily, who went into Korea as a corporal and came out a lieutenant, came under pressure from his former comrades not to write about No Gun Ri, when he first raised the idea in the 1980s.

"You try to put things in the back of your mind because life goes on," he said. "But as you get older, you're not as active as you were and you begin to think more about these things again."

He was pleased to tell a story that has gone untold for 49 years.

Another former GI, Norman Tinkler, said he was driven to speak by his conscience. "You've got to pay for your deeds sooner or later," he said.

Remembering the tragedy

Survivors also have vivid memories. Many had already come under attack from the air and were taking refuge under the arches of the bridge when American soldiers opened fire with machine guns.

[ image: Min Young-ok and her son were both victims]
Min Young-ok and her son were both victims
Yang Hae-sook, who was 12 at the time of the massacre in July 1950, said she thought she was safe under the bridge.

"Then the shooting came. Bullets ricocheted off the concrete and hit the people like popcorn in a frying pan. Mother wrapped me with a quilt and hugged me."

"It was shooting from both sides. When there was shooting coming from one side, we rushed to the other side."

Yang Hae-sook lost several relatives, including two brothers.

Not all American veterans want to remember the experience. Some objected to the investigation conducted by reporters from the Associated Press news agency.

The news agency's reporters interviewed dozens of veterans and survivors, and found declassified US military documents showing that the troops received orders to treat civilians as the "enemy".

Advanced options | Search tips

Back to top | BBC News Home | BBC Homepage | ©

Africa | Americas | Asia-Pacific | Europe | Middle East | South Asia

Relevant Stories

26 Jul 99 | Asia-Pacific
North Korea urged to make peace

15 Dec 97 | Korean elections 97
South Korea: A political history

08 Sep 98 | Korea at 50
North Korea: a political history

Internet Links

Korean War Home Page

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea


DPRK - North Korea

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.

In this section

Indonesia rules out Aceh independence

DiCaprio film trial begins

Millennium sect heads for the hills

Uzbekistan voices security concerns

From Business
Chinese imports boost US trade gap

ICRC visits twelve Burmese jails

Falintil guerillas challenge East Timor peackeepers

Malaysian candidates named

North Korea expels US 'spy'

Holbrooke to arrive in Indonesia

China warns US over Falun Gong

Thais hand back Cambodian antiques