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Last Updated: Friday, 13 May, 2005, 17:44 GMT 18:44 UK
Tough regime finds unlikely allies
By Steven Eke
BBC News

Protesters outside Andijan court, 11/5/05
Protests outside an Andijan court had been mounting all week
Just over a year ago, Uzbekistan saw violent attacks on police, shootouts and a harsh security clampdown.

Many observers thought those events would prompt a rethink by Western governments, especially the US, which had built a close relationship with what is undeniably a cruel, authoritarian regime.

In the period since then, little has changed in Uzbekistan. The political opposition is still not tolerated, the media are not free.

A British ambassador was removed for speaking out against the use by the West of intelligence obtained by torture. Human rights groups patiently record and document ongoing abuses.

Uzbeks living abroad return from trips to their homeland gloomy, speaking of cowed and frightened people living on the edge of a political and economic abyss.

The Uzbek government has made one thing clear - it will act harshly and use whatever force necessary to prevent any direct, serious threat to its stability.

Perhaps it was shocked into a realisation of its vulnerability by the chaotic events in neighbouring Kyrgyzstan.

Although initially touted as the latest pro-democracy "coloured revolution" to hit the former Soviet Union, the uprising in Kyrgyzstan has done little to improve living conditions or the sense of hopelessness that pervades the region.

Torture 'systematic'

Uzbekistan remains a close ally of the US, with its airspace and military facilities made available for the ongoing operation in Afghanistan.

The US military presence may well have acquired a permanent character. President Bush has never publicly criticised Uzbekistan's denial of freedom to its citizens.

Most populous central Asian former Soviet republic, home to 26m people
Ruled since independence in 1991 by autocrat Islam Karimov
Accused by rights groups of serious human rights abuses, including torture
Rocked by violence in capital Tashkent in 2004
Government says radical Islamic groups behind violence

Meanwhile, the US State Department's website carries reports on the "systematic" use of torture by the Uzbek government, but also, somehow, manages to call it "a stable and moderate force".

Russia's approach is not terribly different. Moscow has had a mixed relationship with Tashkent, but the line from Russian diplomats appears to be that secular rule at any cost is better than the threat from Islamists.

Russia asserts that it has a historic right to a say in an otherwise poorly-defined "sphere of influence". Recently, this has taken on an almost paranoid tone about "anti-Russian plots" being played out across the territory of the former Soviet Union.

It seems unlikely that President Karimov's regime faces the prospect of being swept away by popular unrest. It may be that change will only come from outside.

But the powers that could influence Uzbekistan's development tolerate the status quo, for their own, very different reasons.

The cost of that is ever-increasing repression, unalleviated poverty and ultimately, the likelihood of violent unrest.

Uzbek troops move to end protests
13 May 05 |  Asia-Pacific
Uzbekistan's most orderly protest
12 May 05 |  Asia-Pacific
Uzbeks protest at court ruling
10 May 05 |  Asia-Pacific
Angry protest in Uzbek capital
03 May 05 |  Asia-Pacific
Uzbekistan no-choice poll closes
26 Dec 04 |  Asia-Pacific
Worries for West in Uzbek unrest
30 Mar 04 |  Asia-Pacific


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