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Last Updated: Friday, 28 October 2005, 01:21 GMT 02:21 UK
Rallying round to boost Korean harvest
By Andrew Harding
BBC News, North Korea

Roh Buk Chong, postman
Postman Roh Buk Chong is just one of those helping out
It was early on Sunday morning, but Roh Buk-chong, a 39-year-old postman, was already striding down the road leading north from Pyongyang.

"I am a volunteer," he said. "I am going to help the farmers with the harvest - full of patriotic enthusiasm."

He was not alone. In a scene strangely reminiscent of a 1950s Soviet propaganda film, the road was clogged with pedestrians and cyclists, heading for the nearby rice fields in the bright sunshine.

A government van passed by with loudspeakers on the roof, playing a rousing tune.

"They call me the girl who works well," went the lyrics. "They call me the girl who works faster than the fastest horse."

All this is part of what observers say is a concerted push by North Korea's isolated regime to boost domestic food production, in a country where a third of the population is chronically malnourished.

It may be working. According to some predictions, this year's harvest will be 10% larger than in 2004.

But that will not be enough, warned the UN World Food Programme's country director, Richard Ragan.

"North Korea is chronically food insecure, so it's unlikely in the near term that it will ever produce enough food," he said.

Aid withdrawal

For the past decade, international food aid has helped bridge the gap for millions of North Koreans, many of whom starved to death during a famine in the mid-1990s.

The WFP now has 19 food processing plants in the country, helping to feed 6.5 million people.

It is backed up by a team of foreign monitors, who keep track of malnutrition rates.

North Korean farmers work at their rice paddies as two Koreas delegations meet for their second day meeting at the North Korean border city of Kaesong, May 17, 2005.
Mountainous North Korea is often difficult to farm
But all that is about to change. North Korea's heavily politicised drive for a bigger domestic harvest has been coupled with a new and more controversial move to end international food aid, and restrict the number of foreign aid workers in the country.

Although the details are being negotiated, all the WFP's food plants are due to close within the next month.

"North Koreans are proud people," said Mr Ragan. "They don't want to create a culture of dependency, which makes a lot of sense.

"But there are still real humanitarian needs here, and it remains to be seen now they deal with them."

Some aid is expected to continue in the form of development assistance next year.

China and South Korea are also likely to help make up any shortfall in food supplies.

But North Korea's most vulnerable groups are now facing a period of uncertainty.

A key concern is how food will be distributed, and whether the army's needs will be put ahead of the rest of the population.

High inflation recently prompted the authorities to abandon a market system for grain distribution, in favour of the old state-controlled policy - which the WFP has described as "inoperable".


BBC NEWS: VIDEO AND AUDIO
See how North Korea is trying to feed itself



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