North Korea has reportedly agreed to suspend its nuclear programme and submit to international inspections following assurances from the US that it will not be attacked. Here is the text of the deal that ended three years of deadlock at the six-nation negotiations.
For the cause of peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and in north-east Asia at large, the six parties held in a spirit of mutual respect and equality serious and
practical talks concerning the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula on the basis of the common understanding of the previous three rounds of talks and agreed in this context to the following:
1. The six parties unanimously reaffirmed that the goal of the six-party talks is the verifiable denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula in a peaceful manner.
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) committed to abandoning all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programmes and returning at an early date to the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT) and
to IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) safeguards.
The United States affirmed that is has no nuclear weapons
on the Korean Peninsula and has no intention to attack or
invade the DPRK with nuclear or conventional weapons.
The ROK (South Korea) reaffirmed its commitment not to
receive or deploy nuclear weapons in accordance with the
1992 joint declaration of the Denuclearization of the
Korean Peninsula, while affirming that there exist no
nuclear weapons within its territory.
The 1992 joint declaration of the Denuclearisation of the
Korean Peninsula should be observed and implemented.
The DPRK stated that it has the right to peaceful uses of
The other parties expressed their respect and agreed to
discuss at an appropriate time the subject of the provision
of light-water reactor to the DPRK.
2. The six parties undertook, in their relations, to abide
by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United
Nations and recognised norms of international relations.
The DPRK and the United States undertook to respect each
other's sovereignty, exist peacefully together and take
steps to normalise their relations subject to their
respective bilateral policies.
The DPRK and Japan undertook to take steps to normalise
their relations in accordance with the (2002) Pyongyang
Declaration, on the basis of the settlement of unfortunate
past and the outstanding issues of concern.
3. The six parties undertook to promote economic
cooperation in the fields of energy, trade and investment,
bilaterally and/or multilaterally.
China, Japan, the Republic of Korea (ROK), Russia and the
US stated their willingness to provide energy assistance
to the DPRK. The ROK reaffirmed its proposal of 12 July
2005, concerning the provision of 2 million kilowatts of
electric power to the DPRK.
4. Committed to joint efforts for lasting peace and
stability in northeast Asia, the directly related parties
will negotiate a permanent peace regime on the Korean
Peninsula at an appropriate separate forum.
The six parties agreed to explore ways and means for promoting security cooperation in northeast Asia.
5. The six parties agreed to take coordinated steps to implement the aforementioned consensus in a phased manner in line with the principle of "commitment for commitment, action for action".
6. The six parties agreed to hold the fifth round of the six-party talks in Beijing in early November 2005 at a date to be determined through consultations.