Europe South Asia Asia Pacific Americas Middle East Africa BBC Homepage World Service Education

Front Page



UK Politics







Talking Point

In Depth

On Air

Low Graphics

Wednesday, July 21, 1999 Published at 12:23 GMT 13:23 UK

World: Asia-Pacific

China battles against religion

Falun Gong followers practise breathing exercises and meditation

By Religious Affairs Correspondent Jane Little

The mass arrests in China of members of the Falun Gong sect follow several weeks of investigation by the Chinese authorities.

[ image: Followers stage peaceful protests]
Followers stage peaceful protests
The operation bears the hallmarks of a government running scared.

The Falun Gong sect - which seemingly came out of nowhere to mobilise tens of thousands in peaceful protest - is the Communist government's nightmare realised.

Its rapid rise in seven years seriously challenges the Marxist doctrine that religion is the opiate of the masses and will die out as human progress is made.

Party members in its ranks

Instead, while the movement's claim of 100 million members looks optimistic, it appears to have numbers to rival membership of the Communist party and has been attracting party officials into its ranks.

[ image: The sect says it is not a religion]
The sect says it is not a religion
Followers practise meditation inspired by a cocktail of religious beliefs, and remain devoted to their leader in exile, Li Hongzhi, who preaches a particular brand of salvation from an immoral world.

China has long had a policy of banning religious groups it deems superstitious and permits only a handful of established religions, answerable to the state.

Its policy of suppression has provoked frequent protest from human rights groups.

It has also driven groups underground, where they have multiplied and become more radical.

Filling the spiritual void

Buddhist and Christian sects and folk religions are flourishing across China in a religious revival scholars attribute to a spiritual vacuum left in the wake of Maoism.

Last month the Communist Party launched a campaign to stamp out so-called superstition and promote Marxist materialism among its members.

In the former Soviet Union, Communism failed to stamp out religion, which now thrives where Communism has faded.

China, it seems, remains committed to the ideological battle, many would say against the odds.

Advanced options | Search tips

Back to top | BBC News Home | BBC Homepage | ©

Africa | Americas | Asia-Pacific | Europe | Middle East | South Asia

Relevant Stories

21 Jul 99 | Asia-Pacific
China detains cult members

28 Apr 99 | Asia-Pacific
Falun Gong: A new cult emerges

26 Apr 99 | Asia-Pacific
Chinese fight for right to meditate

Internet Links

Falun Gong - Introduction

Falun Gong (Falun Dafa) - US site

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.

In this section

Indonesia rules out Aceh independence

DiCaprio film trial begins

Millennium sect heads for the hills

Uzbekistan voices security concerns

From Business
Chinese imports boost US trade gap

ICRC visits twelve Burmese jails

Falintil guerillas challenge East Timor peackeepers

Malaysian candidates named

North Korea expels US 'spy'

Holbrooke to arrive in Indonesia

China warns US over Falun Gong

Thais hand back Cambodian antiques