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Friday, 29 June, 2001, 05:43 GMT 06:43 UK
Australian governor-general sworn in
Queen Elizabeth II at the State Opening of Parliament 2001
Queen Elizabeth remains Australia's head of state
By Red Harrison in Sydney

A senior clergyman has become Australia's new governor-general - a post which represents the British monarchy and has the power to dismiss the government.

Peter Hollingworth, former Anglican Archbishop of the city of Brisbane, was sworn in with a 21-gun salute as Australia's 23rd governor-general in a ceremony at Parliament House in Canberra.

Peter Hollingworth takes the oath of office as the new Governor General of Australia
Mr Hollingworth will serve for five years
Mr Hollingworth has resigned from his post as Archbishop of Brisbane but retains the title of bishop within the church, even though he is now the titular commander-in-chief of Australia's armed forces.

And as governor-general he has the power to call a fresh election - as a predecessor did in 1975.

Social critic

As an archbishop, Mr Hollingworth was a passionate advocate of social issues and a frequent critic of government.

Now, he says, as the Queen's representative in Australia it is not his role to interfere in the political process.

Sir William Deane, the outgoing governor-general
Sir William was an advocate for aborigines
There have been many warm tributes for the outgoing governor-general, Sir William Deane, who left office regretting he did not see true reconciliation between black and white Australians.

Sir William complained strongly and frequently about the poor condition of aborigines and was often accused of crossing the line into politics.

Several newspaper editorials today warn Mr Hollingworth not to make the same mistake.

The new governor-general, who is 66, will hold office for five years.

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04 Jan 01 | Asia-Pacific
Aborigine treaty plans dismissed
03 May 01 | Asia-Pacific
Timeline: Australia
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