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As it happened: Chile mine rescue

Carlos Barrios arrives at the surface
Carlos Barrios was the 13th person to be brought to the surface

  • Rescue of 33 trapped miners ends in jubilation
  • Last man, Luis Urzua, rescued just before 2200 local time on 13 October
  • Live page reporters: Adam Blenford, Patrick Jackson, Anna Jones, Ayesha Bhatty, David Walker and Paul Kirby
  • All times Chilean local time (GMT -3 hours)

The BBC covered the rescue of the miners in Chile live online throughout the operation.

Below is the story as it unfolded.

0057 With the end of the operation comes the end of our live coverage. Remember, you can find comprehensive coverage of the whole story on the BBC News website, including more reaction as it comes in from our correspondents in Chile. Thanks for being with us.

0045 Mining Minister Laurence Golborne - who has been a constant presence throughout the crisis - has tweeted in celebration: "The last rescuer has gone up. Now we can say that team, with the company of the whole country, rescued our 33 miners in just 77 days. We did it!" Read Laurence Golborne's tweets
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0043 In the end, a potential tragedy in a remote corner of the world has been utterly transformed into one of the greatest tales of good news ever told.

0041 Chile's TV feed from the mine fades away and displays a message telling the world that finally, finally, it is all over.

0038 Chilean President Sebastian Pinera ceremonially closes the San Jose mine.

0037 Chilean journalist Maria Paz Moya tweets: "Laurence Golborne has loosened up. He imitated the sound of a siren while waiting for rescue worker Manuel Gonzalez" Read Jaime Hernandez's tweets
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0036 Pinera: "You have won the appreciation of all of Chile, and you have earned it."

0035 For the final time, President Pinera congratulates a man leaving the mine. "It has been a long, long day, but we are so proud."

0032 Rescue worker Manuel Gonzalez emerges from the shaft, the final man to leave the San Jose mine.

0029 The crowds are back at the top of the shaft. The cheer for this will be almost as big as for the miners.

0027 Those of you following this page when the rescue effort began might remember Manuel Gonzalez. A mining expert, he stared straight ahead as he was strapped into the capsule, the first man to head down the shaft to try and free the miners. No-one then would have dared to guess how well everything was going to turn out.

0023 He's a popular man. Jaime Hernandez in Talca, Chile, tweets: "Manuel Gonzalez, you are not alone. The whole country is watching you." Read Jaime Hernandez's tweets
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0020 "Grande Manuel!" is the cry from the controllers: "Big man Manuel!" He hoists himself into the Phoenix 2 and readies for the off.

0019 There's been no confirmation of the last man's identity, but it seems likely that it's Manuel Gonzalez, the man who was the first down the shaft yesterday.

0017 The last man in the mine is talking, making a kind of parting address. Silhouetted in the light, he says he has been away from his family for a week. "But it was worth it because we finally got this done."

0014 The final rescue worker is awaiting his lift out of the mine. He won't have any help getting in the capsule.

0011 Roberto Saa, a Chilean journalist for local TV station TVN, tweets: "All the drill technicians are leaving the camp and honking their horns. This is a happy ending." Read Roberto Saa's tweets
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0010 There's been a mixed reaction from Chilean tweeters to President Sebastian Pinera's speech and to his presence in the camp: Franco Catrin in Quilpue says: "I hope that he keeps the promises he made today. He has a real opportunity to lead through change in the way companies are run". Paula Toledo in Talagante says: "Pinera left the rescuers by themselves. That's ugly." Daniela Campos in San Fernando says: "Pinera is great. Not many people have so much power of conviction and decision."
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0004 Phoenix capsule heads to the bottom of the mine to pick up final rescue worker.

0004 Instead, cheers ring out as the fifth rescue worker emerges from the rescue shaft.

0003 The clock has ticked over in Chile, and another day is beginning. For the first time since early August, the country will not need to worry about the fate of its miners.

0002 The shift from hell comes to an end at last. The BBC's Vanessa Buschschluter, at Camp Hope throughout the rescue, talks to the families ready to start over again.

2356 One man left. "Will it be his job to turn the lights off?" wonders the BBC's Tim Willcox.

2355 Fifth rescuer lifts off from the bottom of the mine shaft - leaving just one more man at the bottom.

2342 Fourth rescue worker reaches the surface in the Phoenix capsule.

2338 More news from the mine shaft: crowds are awaiting the arrival of the fourth rescue worker.

2336 We have been getting many cheerful comments from around the world in response to the success of the operation. Pedro Buraglia in Bogota, Colombia, says: "Hurrah for the brave Chileans!!! This is a song for life." Donna Gonsalvez Barrero in St John's, Antigua, says: "The miners have been on my mind and subject of my prayers since the collapse. My birthday was October 12 and with the news of their possible rescue during the week of that date I was elated. I wanted nothing more than their successful rescue. Instead of going out, I spent all of last night smiling after the initial anxiety as I saw the rescue progress well." Ken I in Fukuoka, Japan, says: "I am watching from Japan through the internet. All of the miners you guys have a strong mind which I admire a lot. Please take good care of yourself and have some rest with your people."
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2333 For 17 days the miners were cut off entirely, surviving only on dwindling rations. And then a vital link was established through a bore hole no wider than a grapefruit. Hope was restored, below ground and above.

2332 They were trapped by a huge rockfall on 5 August, 33 men cut off 700m below ground in the crumbling San Jose gold and copper mine in northern Chile.

2326 The miners spent 69 days below ground. History does not record anyone surviving as long as this trapped under the earth.

2324 As the operation winds down at the San Jose mine, it's worth recalling a few of the astonishing facts that have made this whole episode so unique.

2320 That third rescue worker is now at the surface.

2307 Closer and closer to the end of the entire operation. Another rescue worker lifts off in the Phoenix. It's hard to tell how many are left down there still, but there should be three more.

2253 More success: the second rescue worker makes it back to the surface. He gets hugged too - but it's a different kind of congratulation, a more formal one. A job well done.

2252 Yet more evidence that Copiapo is the place to be tonight: the town is in "full party mode" says the BBC's Matthew Rhodes, in the town. "The party is in full swing and will continue throughout the night."

2250 David Parker in Hong Kong says: "The first rescuer who went down the mine is one of the true heroes also and should not be forgotten. He was the first human to experience the 'Phoenix' and the shaft, and was risking his own life when he didn't need to. Of course, all the rescuers are heroes, but this is a particular example of bravery which should be recognised and not forgotten in the euphoria of the rescue of the 33."
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2249 The BBC's Tim Willcox says the most memorable part of the rescue for him was the family reunions, especially the moment when the children of Florencio Avalos saw their father emerging.

2246 We can now give you Luis Urzua's exact words to the Chilean President Sebastian Pinera: "I hand the shift over to you and hope this never happens again. I am proud to be Chilean."

2245 It's a time of celebration for Chile, a moment of release, and a moment for the families of the miners to reflect on their good fortune that their loved ones have returned. They will be closely monitored over the coming days and weeks, watched for any signs of illness or depression. Their lives will undoubtedly be wildly different, although no-one can yet know quite how.

2237 A poignant moment at Camp Hope: family members go up the hill to collect the 33 flags raised there in honour of the trapped men, says BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso.

2236 The celebrations have erupted but the action still isn't over at the mine: the first rescue worker is now out of the shaft. Thankfully, though, they are no longer the centre of attention.

2228 BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso has tweeted: "The rescue lasted 22 hours and 42 minutes, when it was predicted to last 48" Read Valeria Perasso's tweets
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2225 The BBC's Rajesh Mirchandani, in Copiapo, says: "Incredible eruption of joy in Copiapo. Cars are streaming around the main square with flags waving honking horns. Hundreds in the main square are jubilant, singing national anthem and "Chi Chi Chi Le Le Le", the popular chant."

2223 Tony Tissot in Morgan Hill, California, US, says: "Thank you - especially to the brave folks from the rescue team who are still underground. May they quickly and safely return to the surface!"
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2222 President Pinera speaking now: "We did it the Chilean way, which means the right way."

2221 The BBC World Service correspondent Piers Scholfield tweets: "It's over! Relatives drench photographers in champagne in Camp Hope. Singing, crying, kissing… emotional." Read Piers Scholfield's tweets
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2219 The five rescuers are still down the mine. They have unfurled a poster with the words "Mission accomplished: Chile" on it.

2217 Guy Adams, a correspondent for the UK's Independent newspaper, tweets from Copiapo: "Copiapo is a mining town, so a lot of extremely tough men are crying right now here in the square" Read Guy Adams' tweets
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2216 Pinera to Urzua: "The country will be changed forever. Stay in touch. Now go see the doctors."

2214 "The greatest thing was that we had the guts to fight," Don Lucho tells President Pinera.

2214 This is a historic moment and everyone involved is celebrating, says Rodrigo Bustamante of BBC Mundo. The miners, the families, the rescuers, the authorities: Camp Hope is seeing a party which is being replicated in every corner of the country, which has seen the tragedy of 5 August transformed into an achievement of worldwide importance.

2206 We've heard the Chilean national anthem sung again and again during this rescue. It begins: "Pure, Chile, is your blue sky; Pure breezes cross you as well". Apt words indeed for Don Lucho and the other 32 men now breathing fresh air again.

2205 Mr Urzua smiles now and jokes with the psychologist. "A shift of 70 days... that's a long shift." And that's from a man who knows.

2202 Another embrace as the anthem ends. Smiles and a handshake for Laurence Golborne, the mining minister.

2201 Champagne has been spraying around the crowd at the shaft. "Viva Chile" is the cry - and a rousing rendition of the national anthem.

2158 The president and shift leader embrace. Mr Urzua tells of his pride. The president says each and every one of the miners was an example of courage.

2157 Chile's sense of national pride has swelled with every miner rescued, the BBC's Matt Frei says.

2156 Sirens, cheering and joy at Camp Hope as a 22-hour operation to rescue the 33 miners ends in triumph.

2152 The siren sounds. Don Lucho near.

2151 BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso has tweeted: "Everyone at the camp, from the families to Rolly the Clown, is singing the national anthem" Read Valeria Perasso's tweets
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2150 "For a miner, their shift leader is sacred and holy," rescue official Dr Andreas Llarena told the UK's Guardian newspaper. "They would never think about replacing him. That is carved in stone; it is one of the commandments in the life of a miner."

2149 A topographer by training, Mr Urzua drew up plans of the area where he and his comrades were trapped.

2147 In just nine minutes or so, this high drama will come to an end. Luis Urzua's arrival will almost certainly be watched by every Chilean who can get to a TV set.

2145 The time is now for Luis Urzua. He is ascending from the underworld of the mine after 69 days.

2145 Mr Urzua, 54, known respectfully as Don Lucho by the miners, kept them going for those awful first 17 days, when no-one up above even knew they had survived.

2144 Luis Urzua has played a special role in this drama. He is credited with having kept the miners together back in August when there was no hope in sight back, and he chose to be the last miner out.

2143 And there he is, Luis Urzua, climbing into the Phoenix 2 capsule, the last of Los 33.

2141 There's a big screen relaying events from the mine to the crowds in Copiapo, the BBC's Rajesh Mirchandani reports from the town.

2139 It's an eerie scene down below now. Just one miner left to come up, the shift leader and master motivator Luis Urzua.

2135 People are packing out the main square in Copiapo, BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso reports. Flags are everywhere and the town is at a standstill.

2134 We're close to the end now. Reports are coming of a growing atmosphere in the town of Copiapo.

2132 The story of Ariel Ticona's baby must have boosted morale for the miners, the BBC's Matt Frei says. It certainly boosted the spirits of the country.

2131 A round of applause for a broken phone brandished in the air - the phone the miners used to communicate with their rescuers 700m above.

2130 He climbs out of the Phoenix and embraces his wife. President Pinera clutches Mr Ticona close and tells him the news he has wanted to much: "Your daughter is waiting for you."

2128 Ariel Ticona arives at the surface, the 32nd freed miner.

2125 Mr Ticona asked his wife to name their baby girl Esperanza, the Spanish for "hope" and the real name of Camp Hope, the families' home at the mine head.

2123 Ariel Ticona's story is heartwarming. He could only see the birth of his daughter when a video was sent down on 14 September.

2119 There are just two miners left to come out. The first of those, Ariel Ticona, is now heading to the surface.

2116 A bit more detail from Tim Willcox's interview with Chilean President Sebastian Pinera. He said Chile's mining industry had to take responsibility for safety. "Big companies... are very good in terms of safety but small companies like this one; they didn't take care, good care of the workers. And this mine should have never been acting or working in the conditions they were because there were no safety conditions to protect the lives and the integrity of the workers." Read Tim Willcox's tweets

2111 Chilean all over the world are watching events in the Atacama. Nancy Chacon writes from Suva, Fiji: "From Fiji, we send a big 'Viva Chile' to the 33 miners and families. I am proud to be Chilean and happy to see the miracle. Thanks to God and to all the people who are helping to rescue them."
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2106 The bond between the rescuers and the freed miners appears intense and genuine. These men have communicated with each other from opposite ends of the mine for weeks and weeks. The hugs and smiles when the miners emerge are heartfelt as those given to their loved ones.

2103 Pedro Cortez emerges smiling from Chilean mine, the 31st man freed.

2102 Pedro Cortez has had some tough times, the BBC's Tim Willcox said on BBC World News. He has separated from his wife and previously been injured working in mines.

2059 People on Mr Cortez's street have stockpiled "enormous quantities of beer, wine and pisco [grape liquor]" to welcome him back home with a party, newspaper reports have said.

2054 Mr Cortez is on his way up.

2052 Positive tweeting from Mining Minister Laurence Golborne: "Only three to go! But let's not forget about the six rescue workers. At this rate, we will finish the rescue operation today." Read Laurence Golborne's tweets in Spanish
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2051 Pedro Cortez, 24, is a childhood friend of Carlos Bugueno, who was brought out at 1732 on Wednesday.

2050 Once again the capsule arrives. Mr Cortez prepares to leave the place he has reluctantly called home for 69 days.

2047 Just three miners to go, plus of course the rescuers and medics. The next man due up is Pedro Cortez.

2041 One more thing about Mr Bustos. He had the job of organising water supplies for the trapped miners. Not any more.

2039 He's out, and he's fine. A tender kiss for his wife, and a few joking whistles from the rescuers. Then the back-slapping begins.

2037 Raul Bustos becomes 30th miner rescued from San Jose mine.

2036 Carola Narvaez smiles, and then looks nervous. And then...

2034 Some who are still around are the family of Raul Bustos. They're now ready at the top of the shaft, waiting for him to arrive.

2033 It looks like the focus of events is beginning to shift to Copiapo. There are more and more people gathering at the main square in nearby Copiapo BBC Mundo's Rodrigo Bustamente says. A massive street party is expected in the streets of Copiapo once the final miner, foreman Luis Urzua, is out.

2031 More evidence of changing times at Camp Hope. BBC World Service correspondent Piers Scholfield tweets: "Camp suddenly emptying out… Tents and gazebos going… Generators going quiet… Officials all smiles." Read Piers Scholfield's tweets
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2030 Waiting for her husband in the tent city, Carola Narvaez was philosophical about this double brush with disaster: "In the earthquake we just had to keep on living. This is the same. It is producing much anguish, isolation, fear but we're alive. We will have another happy ending."

2029 Mr Bustos, 40, was taken on as a hydraulics engineer at the mine. His wife and two small children stayed behind in Talcahuano.

2026 Raul Bustos, the next miner due out, is "luckiest unlucky man on Earth", according to his wife Carola Narvaez. He lost his builder's business in the central port city of Talcahuano during Chile's monster earthquake and tsunami in February, and headed north to the San Jose mine for a new start...

2024 Just four miners to come out now, and the next man up has quite a story to tell.

2019 Rodrigo Bustamente of BBC Mundo says Camp Hope is much quieter than on previous nights as so many of the family members have now moved on. Only a few groups remain in their tents. The rest have returned to Copiapo to be near their loved ones at the regional hospital.

2017 Mr Aguilar is stretchered away, waving. And Laurence Golborne smiles again.

2015 Juan Aguilar is free, and embraces the president. All of a sudden night has fallen and these last few miners are being freed in the dark.

2013 Capsule carrying Juan Aguilar, 49, emerges from rescue shaft. Miner 29 is free.

2011 Back at the mine head, the president has returned to greet Juan Aguilar's family. For one brief moment though, Laurence Golborne is caught on camera not smiling. That won't last very long...

2009 Chilean tweeters found Richard Villaroel's exit very moving. Teresa Valenzuela in Valparaiso says: "I loved Villaroel's little sister, she made me cry, what an emotional reunion." Francisca says: "I cried with his rescue, his little sister and the way he hugged his mom". Others are commenting on the fact that the head of the rescue operation, Andre Sougarret, also shed some tears at the family encounter.
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2005 Marcela Reygadas, daughter of Omar, the 17th man rescued, has said that seeing her father come out was a "beautiful experience". She has been keeping a diary of the long wait at the camp along with her siblings Ximena and Omar.
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2001 Next into the capsule is Juan Aguilar, 49, who worked as a mine supervisor. He is from the mining town of Los Lagos, 1,450km (900 miles) away.

1959 Just one moment of slight tension during the interview with President Pinera. Asked whether he was going to return the handwritten note with which the miners first made contact with the rescuers, Mr Pinera said he needed "to have a conversation" with the miner who wrote it.

1957 Mr Pinera admits to the BBC's Tim Willcox that the rescue operation cost "many millions", but says the cost is not important. "The government has to take the blame." Read Tim Willcox's tweets from the mine .

1952 The BBC's Tim Willcox has been talking exclusively to the Chilean President Sebastian Pinera. Still beaming, the president says he hopes that after this rescue, when people think of Chile they will no longer think of the coup d'etat and the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet.

1948 Tears and hugs. The emotions are no less powerful for every family, even though we've now seen more than two dozen miners emerge.

1946 He's smiling as he's unclipped from the harness, and raises a national flag aloft.

1945 Miner number 28 emerges from the San Jose mine: Richard Villaroel.

1941 We think he's being greeted by his little sister, Antonia. She's taken off her hard hat and is beaming at the side of the shaft. She says her brother asked her to work hard at school while he was underground and she did, getting "really good" marks.

1939 Great images from the top of the mine. The indefatigable Mining Minister Laurence Golborne is chatting with Mr Villaroel's loved ones. He looks as interested and (almost) as alert as this time yesterday.

1937 Mr Villarroel will be especially glad about the timing of the rescue. He is about to become a father, with his girlfriend due to give birth to a boy, Richard Junior.

1936 A mechanic, Mr Villaroel had worked in the mine for two years.

1935 Richard Villaroel now boarding the capsule, clapped off by his colleagues and rescuers.

1931 At the bottom of the rescue shaft the Chilean flag still stands proud, clearly visible where once there was a throng of miners in the cavern.

1928 Down goes the Phoenix, heading to pick up miner number 28 - Richard Villaroel.

1925 From BBC Mundo's Rodrigo Bustamante in Copiapo: Franklin Lobos emerges aboard the Phoenix 2 and applause and horns can be heard around the San Jose mine. The same kind of excitment can be felt in the city of Copiapo.

1921 Mr Lobos is up and out. He's smiling, he looks well, if a bit pale. Some hugs, some waves. A long embrace with his daughter. He gets a signed football and, yes, he is kicking it around.

1918 Franklin Lobos arrives at the surface - rescued miner number 27.

1914 Mr Lobos's football connections served him well in the mine. Barcelona star David Villa sent a signed t-shirt. Villa's father and grandfather were both miners.

1913 Franklin Lobos, 53, is a former local league footballer. He was working as a driver in the mine.

1912 And another man is on the way up. This operation is now slick and well-rehearsed.

1904 And one other Claudio Acuna fact - he's reported to have proposed to have to his long-time partner, with whom he has a young daughter.

1901 Claudio Acuna celebrated a birthday while in the mine, turning 35.

1900 So, that's 26 miners out, seven still below and five rescuers in there along with them. But the pace is picking up - it took under 10 minutes for the capsule to bring out Claudio Acuna.

1853 BBC World Service correspondent Piers Scholfield notes the increasing speed of the rescues: "9mins 13seconds for the last ascent!" Read Piers Scholfield's tweets
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1851 Claudio Acuna reaches the surface - the 26th miner rescued from the depths

1847 Claudio Acuna is being greeted by his wife, Fabiola Araya, who has brought him a signed football shirt from his favourite club Colo Colo.

1839 The 26th miner now being brought up is Claudio Acuna who celebrated his birthday in the mine on 9 September.

1834 Carla Colvert, from Clinton, Missouri, US, writes: "This has brought me such joy and hope. I stayed up late watching the first four emerge then immediately linked back in the morning to continue watching. I was so excited with each miner reaching the surface I took my laptop to my college classes and let my students see as they brought up more miners. The beauty of the world watching and cheering brings such joy across all nations. I hope I am home in time from my night class to see the last miner arrive on the surface."
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1832 Renan Avalos's ascent was the fastest so far, according to BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso who says it was timed at 9 minutes 13 seconds. Asked by one of the officials how the journey went, Renan described it as "really beautiful".

1830 Dave, from Alaska, US, writes: "I can feel the spiritual momentum these people are generating from a world away from where I sit. The common denominator of joy is fantastically contagious!"
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1829 Renan Avalos looks remarkably composed as he arrives to be welcomed with a long embrace from his wife Brunela Oliva. His mother also gives him a hug.

1827 Renan Avalos, the 25th miner to be rescued, arrives at the surface.

1818 The 25th miner to be rescued, Renan Avalos, 29, is on his way up. Renan's older brother Florencio was the first miner to be brought to the surface just after midnight on Wednesday. He decided to come to work in the San Jose mine four months ago.

1816 More on the miner with pneumonia. The BBC's Rajesh Mirchandani in Copiapo says he is believed to be Mario Gomez but he is not thought to be seriously ill. Seventeen of the miners have now arrived at Copiapo hospital. Several have severe dental problems and some have eye problems. He says that none of the miners have slept since their return to the surface and that they have had their first proper meal, of rice, chicken and yoghurt.

1814 Steven Firth, from Grimsby, England, writes: "A great day for humanity, a great day for 33 ordinary men who from this day forward will always be grateful to see the sun rise, feel the wind in their hair and to see their children and their grandchildren grow. Surely the 13th October shall be a National Holiday for ever in Chile."
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1812 Despite the lung problems facing one of the miners, Chile's health minister Jaime Manalich said their overall health was "more than satisfying". Several are expected to have dental surgery tomorrow and at least two will have to be treated under general anaesthetic because their dental problems are so severe.

1810 Chile-based Journalist Jorge Garreton tweets: "33 Trapped Chilean Miners: Big embrace between Jose Henriquez and his wife, much emotion and passion, the scene brings tears to the eye" Read Jorge Garreton's tweets
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1806 Fernando Suarez, from Washington DC, tweets: "Health minister says rescue could wrap by midnight. Any delays would obviously delay rescue maybe 2am - 4am." Read Fernando Suarez's tweets
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1804 As Jose Enriquez emerges, his wife Blanca cries out "Bravo!" and immediately walks over to hug him. Jose then embraces the president and some of the rescue officials.

1803 Rumata, from Ukraine, writes: "The miners are lucky indeed not to live in Russia where the mines are extracting coal, and chances to survive would be nil. They are even luckier not to live in Ukraine where according to official statistics, 3,600 miners died in the first 10 years since independence - a miner for each day!"
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1801 Jose Henriquez is an evangelical preacher who has worked in mines for 33 years. He had the role of keeping his colleagues' spirits up during their 69-day ordeal.

1759 Jose Henriquez, 54, is the 24th miner to arrive at the surface. He was greeted by his wife, Blanca Hettiz Berrios.

1758 Willem Steurbaut, from Merelbeke Belgium, writes: "This is a marvelleous proof of the good intentions in the hearts of people. This event deserves a Nobel Price."
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1756 BBC Mundo says that residents of Inca street in Copiapo are to close their street and hold a party for two of the miners, Carlos Bugueno - the 23rd to be rescued - and his childhood friend Pedro Cortes, one of the last of the 33 to be brought out.

1753 Lauren Mannion, from Barcelona, tweets: "Been glued to BBC live feed of #Chilean miner rescue all afternoon - so moving. Only 10 more to go - felicidades a los 33 y a Chile!" Read Lauren Mannion's tweets
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1751 BBC Mundo reports that Chile's health minister Jaime Manalich has revealed that one of the miners is suffering from acute pneumonia. The miner, who is not being identified, has a weak lung and may have to stay longer in hospital.

1746 Deana tweets: "Chilean miner who led Elvis singalongs reportedly offered trip for two to Graceland - kinda cool, huh?" Read Deana's tweets
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1744 The renowned writer Isabel Allende tells BBC World Service that such a story could not have been conjured up even as a work of fiction. "It's already like magic realism,"she said. "The fact that they stayed there for 17 days without any connections to their external world, and the rescuers had already given up. But the wives, the mothers, the daughters, the women said, 'No. They're alive. We can see them. We know they're alive'."

1742 Sarah, from Montreal, Canada, writes: "My eyes swell as each miner is brought to the surface. I hope their future holds many blessings. Fame and fortune can bring problems and so I hope the families will have the strength to stay together and have the wisdom to manage all the attention that will stream their way."
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1741 The 23rd miner, Carlos Bugueno, appears subdued, but the president tells him: "Welcome back to life". Carlos shakes hands with some of the rescue officials before embracing the mining minister and the First Lady.

1735 Pavel, from Russia, e-mails: "You are tough Chilean guys made of steel! You have conquered the stone, not otherwise. I am sending you warm greetings from a very cold Russia. May God and Virgin Mary be with you! Don't forget to down the glass for all those who prayed for you in Russia and I'll make sure to have a drink to your health!"
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1734 Carlos Bugueno is greeted by his mother, Guadalupe Alfaro, along with the Chilean President, the First Lady and the mining minister.

1732 Carlos Bugueno, 27, becomes the 23rd miner to be brought to the surface as the Phoenix capsule emerges from the ground.

1727 Carlos Bugueno, 27, is the 23rd miner being brought back to the surface. He was one of the "palomeros", the miners who took it in turns to look after sending and receiving packages that were nicknamed "palomas" or "doves" that were sent via the supply pipes He is also a childhood friend of another of the trapped miners, Pedro Cortez.

1724 Michelle tweets: "I like that every time I refresh a news site, another Chilean miner is rescued." Read Michelle's tweets
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1720 The BBC's Matt Frei describes the atmosphere around the mine as one of "calm assurance", now that everybody expects the final 11 miners to be brought out safely without any problems.

1717 Shan, from Kadawata, Sri Lanka, writes: "I was studying to my final exams. But how can I ignore this news? I am very glad. I prayed for them many times and now also I am praying for them. That is the best I can do. May God help all the persons involved in rescue operation to do their work successfully."
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1715 BBC Mundo reports that a giant video screen has been erected in the Chilean capital Santiago for people to watch the events at the San Jose mine.

1713 Evra, from the Czech Republic, writes: "Since yesterday, watching the rescue of Chilean miners (internet, CT 24 Czech Television and the BBC). Rescue teams' work is admirable. I wish everyone good luck and health. Buena suerte, muchachos."
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1710 Italian foreign minister Franco Frattini has spoken of Chile's "excellent organisation" of the rescue operation. According to La Tercera newspaper, he said the miners' story had moved Italians over the past two months and the rescue "fills us with emotion and joy".

1705 Matina Efstathiou, from Nicosia, Cyprus, writes: "These are extremely touching moments not only for the people in Chile but for all humanity! These 33 people are being rescued out of horrific conditions in which they were for 69 days. May God help all of them to be rescued and to return to their families safe and well. I think at this moment, everyone's thoughts and prayers are with these 33 miners."
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1704 Samuel Avalos, 43, is the 22nd miner to return to the surface to be greeted by his girlfriend, Ruth Guzman.

1704 Self-proclaimed Elvis fan Edison Pena - the 12th miner to be rescued - has been invited to Graceland, the legendary singer's home. "Graceland would like to welcome home Edison Pena, and has extended a special invitation for him and a loved one to visit Elvis's home in Memphis," the estate said on its website . "We are so glad he is safe, and wish the very best for the other miners still awaiting their rescue."

1659 BBC Mundo's Rodrigo Bustamante has clarified that Yonni Barrios was greeted by his girlfriend, Susana Valenzuela rather than his wife who announced that she would not be present for his return.

1655 Dean Blazic from Rijeka, Croatia, writes: "This story is the witness of great human spirit. It should serve as an example of how should we treat each other always."
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1652 Valia Leventopoulou, from Niederanven, Luxembourg, writes: "I have been following the story since early in the morning, together with my two young daughters. We are happy for them and for their families. Every miner coming to the surface is a victory of life over death."
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1648 Samuel Avalos, 43, will be the 22nd man of the 33 to be brought back to safety. He has worked at the mine for five months and has a long-time girlfriend, Ruth, and three children aged 18, 9 and two.

1640 Ana Maria Rodriguez in Bogota, Colombia writes: "Unfortunately it takes difficult times like these for us humans to realise how much we are capable of loving. I don't know any of those men or their families but there is an inexplicable sense of relief every time one reaches the surface."
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1635 There is some confusion about the identity of the woman Yonni Barrios embraced on his return. Local television have identified the lady as his wife, Marta Salinas.

1632 Yonni Barrios is known as a private man with a hobby of building ships in bottles. Underground, he gave injections and dispensed tablets to his colleages.

1631 The 21st miner, Yonni Barrios, reaches the surface.

1629 Yonni Barrios is to be greeted on the surface by his wife of 28 years, Marta Salinas.

1621 The capsule taking Yonni Barrios to safety begins its ascent.

1616 The 21st miner due to be taken to the surface will be Yonni Barrios. Aged 50, he became known as "the doctor" because of his knowledge of first aid from helping his diabetic mother as a child. He was given responsibility for monitoring the health of his colleagues during their ordeal. He also has a complicated private life.

1607 Sharon Kelley in Sacramento, California writes: "It's wonderful to read this feed and celebrate this amazing rescue. Texts, tweets and commentary show the texture of humanity and web of relations we share globally. We are joined as one in situations like this."
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1605 Eric Mandemaker from Lier, Belgium, writes: "The coverage of the rescue of these miners is massively more uplifting than all the other news we get on a daily basis. It shows that mankind can work together and overcome massive hurdles."
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1601 Dario Segovia punches the air and embraces his wife. A member of a big mining family, Dario's sister Maria has been dubbed La Alcaldesa, the Mayoress, for the leading role she adopted among the families at Camp Hope.

1600 The 20th miner, Dario Segovia, reaches the surface.

1556 Anne Marie Whistler in Flensburg, Germany writes: "This is the first time I have been this moved by a news item since 9/11. Every time I watch the capsule safely surfacing with another saved miner, I well up with tears. Good luck to the remaining miners still to make the journey back to the surface."
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1549 Capsule on its way to the surface with Dario Segovia, 48, the 20th miner to be rescued.

1547 Nicholas Huba tweets: "Amazing front page from a Chilean newspaper on the miner rescue. http://bit.ly/dAt2bY" Read Nicholas Huba's tweets
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1539 BBC World Service correspondent Piers Scholfield tweets: "Gov press officer gives me an enormous grin - demob happy" Read Piers Scholfield's tweets
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1537 Dr Andrew Hartwick, of the College of Optometry at Ohio State University, US, says one of the biggest eye concerns for the miners is possible light damage to the retina after their long stay underground - hence the sunglasses.

1535 Kedir, from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, writes: "Hi. This rescue is what humans can do for humans. I realised that this achievement is the other side of putting man on the moon."
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1534 Bede Cooray, from Hawaii, US, writes: "Congratulations for the people of Chile. What courage, co-ordination, faith shown by miners, engineers, and the politicians."
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1530 Pablo Rojas waves and is greeted by his son, Mitchel Rojas, who is 21 and studying medicine.

1528 Pablo Rojas, the 19th person to be rescued from San Jose mine, has reached the surface.

1523 Jorge Concha, of Columbus, Ohio, US, writes: "As a Chilean living in the US, I am especially happy that the rescue effort has been successful. It is so emotional to see the reunions between the miners and their families. It's great to see the unity and pride of the Chilenos. My heart is in Chile today. Viva Chile!"
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1521 So far, all the rescued miners appear to be in good medical condition, officials say.

1514 Elina Puromies from Espoo, Finland, writes: "I have been following the rescue operation the whole day in Finland. After seeing rescued miners I have fallen into tears. In Finland far away from Chile we are happy to see how rescuing operations are going on."
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1512 Euselia Cabezas, mother of Esteban Rojas, said the moment when she was about to see him on TV "was terrible, like a birth but worse than the first one", writes BBC Mundo's Rodrigo Bustamante. The family is now waiting for Esteban's cousin, Pablo Rojas, to be rescued.

1502 Once the capsule returns to the floor of the mine, the 19th miner to be returned to the surface will be Pablo Rojas, 45, a cousin of the 18th rescued miner, Esteban Rojas. Pablo Rojas has worked at the mine for six months and has a son who is studying medicine at university.

1501 US President Barack Obama says the resolve of the Chilean people has 'inspired the world' as the rescue effort unfolds.

1458 Jaime Urzua whose brother, Luis Urzua, 54, will be the last of the 33 miners to be rescued, has told BBC Mundo that everybody is calm. "He has been with his colleagues all the time and helped them. He will accompany them to the end and it makes us proud because it will be for the good of all the miners."

1456 John from Connecticut, US, writes: "What better day than this for Esteban Rojas to ask his partner to marry him. I'm extremely touched."
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1450 Esteban Rojas, a father of three, kneels on the ground and crosses himself as soon as he arrives at the surface. Still on the floor, he is greeted by his partner of 25 years.

1449 Capsule carrying the 18th person to be rescued from the mine, Esteban Rojas, 44, has reached the surface.

1445 Bob-Gad, from Kampala, Uganda, writes: "I am so grateful for the tremendous job done and we pray that it is successfully done till the last man is out."
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1443 Esteban Rojas's partner waits at the top of the shaft to greet him, alongside the mining minister, Laurence Golborne.

1437 Arthur from Grosse Pointe Farms, US, writes: "Happy news for all the miners, and am particularly pleased to hear that Omar Reygadas is up and safe - having heard his story this morning on BBC radio via satellite. Piers Scholfield did a wonderful job bringing his story to life. Bravo to all those from Chile and around the world who contributed to the miners' rescue."
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1430 Capsule reaches bottom of the mine ready to bring up the 18th person, Esteban Rojas

1420 BBC World Service correspondent Piers Scholfield tweets: "Omar Reygadas is finally out. I spent a month with his family - que emocion! " Read Piers Scholfield's tweets
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1416 The capsule resumes operation. Mining minister Laurence Golborne tells reporters that after all the miners have been brought out, the five rescuers will be brought back to the surface - the last to go in will be the last to come out.

1412 Mining minister Laurence Golborne says after a few journeys down the shaft the capsule has to be looked at regularly by the engineers. He describes the current problem with the door closing mechanism as a "minor issue". He adds that the mechanism has been fixed.

1411 BBC's Tim Willcox tweets: "Omar [Reygadas] is a father of five, and is a widower." Read Tim Willcox's tweets
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1410 Mining minister Laurence Golborne tells reporters the operation is progressing much faster than expected and they hope to finish the rescue during the night.

1409 Shusuke, from Niigata, Japan, writes: "It is good that an emergency shelter was designed and built. It is good that Chile's government asked for help to [the] outside world. It is good that available technology was assembled to make the rescue operation possible."
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1406 Luis Goycoolea of El Mercurio newspaper in Santiago tells the BBC World Service the reaction when the first miner came to the surface was "really incredible". "There was a very big silence across the whole country, everyone was stuck to the television, watching, and then suddenly you could hear cars honking their horns. There was a church near my house that rang its bells, sirens went off. It was very emotional."

1403 Washington Correspondent and anchor for BBC World News America Katty Kay tweets: "With shots like these, Pinera won't need campaign ads." Read Katty Kay's tweets
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1402 The capsule door is still being looked at by the mine engineers. Once the rescue operation resumes, Esteban Rojas, 44, is due to be the 18th miner to be brought to the surface. He has told his girlfriend of 25 years: "When I get out of here, we'll buy you a wedding dress and get married in church."

1357 Petra Vaskova Maalej from Luton, UK, writes: "All the males in my family are in [the] coal mining industry in Slovakia, Prievidza. I am thrilled that these guys got rescued on time and they did not die like my father's friends. Praise the Lord for keeping them alive and safe. Wish you a wonderful life!"
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1353 Nasa administrator Charles Bolden, in a statement, praises the miners and the rescue operation. "There is a lot of hard work ahead for rescuers, but the Chilean government and the people of that great nation should be praised for their steadfast determination. Their unwavering commitment is the reason we are witness to the joyful and emotional reunions today as the miners are returned to the surface one by one."

1352 Mitchell Cordero from Aberdeen, Scotland, writes: "My family is from Chile yet I was born in Scotland and I have been watching the amazing coverage of how united Chile is. I was there this year just before the earthquake and it really is a place where it is all about the family and sticking together through the good and the bad. It makes me really happy just to see what a positive reaction this miracle has had on the whole world. VIVA LOS MINEROS, VIVA CHILE!!!"
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1350 Engineers gather round the capsule to make some adjustments to the door before the next descent.

1345 jessafaye tweets: "So excited for the Chilean miners - they must feel like they are being reborn." Read jessafaye's tweets
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1344 Omar Reygadas lay down on a stretcher holding a Colo-Colo Football Club flag.

1343 As Omar Reygadas leaves the capsule smiling, those around the mineshaft applaud and sing the chant for the Chilean miners: "Chi-chi-chi-le-le-le, los mineros de Chile." BBC Mundo says the Reygadas's family tent at the site is packed with onlookers, relatives and journalists. The youngest son, Luciano, cannot take his eyes of the television screen.

1341 After he left the capsule, Omar Reygadas knelt on the ground clutching a bible.

1339 The 17th person to be rescued from the mine, Omar Reygadas, 56, has reached the surface.

1334 Ravi Garg from Delhi, India, writes: "This story is a remarkable display of the grit and determination of the human spirit in the face of seemingly insurmountable adversity. In addition to the miners, one also salutes the rescue staff who have displayed extraordinary courage in going down the shaft. They are equally amazing people."
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1330 German Chancellor Angela Merkel has congratulated Chile. "Our thoughts are with the Chilean people and we wish them all the best and that they succeed in rescuing all the miners," she said. German Foreign Minister Guido Westwerwelle described the rescue operation "a modern miracle".

1328 Vincent Kuo, from Taipei, Taiwan, writes: "I live on the opposite side of the earth from Chile, but my heart is with the miners. I am filled with joy not only for the miners' happy ending after their long wait underground, but also for the extraordinary aspects of humanity manifested during this rescue operation. Bravo!"
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1327 According to La Tercera newspaper in Chile, the miners and rescue workers underground are having a lunch of mashed potato and fish, rounded off with pineapple for dessert.

1324 Rebe from Stockholm, Sweden, writes: "Hi, we are many people watching on TV and the internet in Sweden. All our best wishes to the miners and their families and people helping them. We are touched."
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1322 The next miner due to be brought to the surface, Omar Reygadas, has apparently requested a specific meal on his return, once he has cleared all the medical checks. "He wants to have a meal of heart of veal with avocado and watch a lot of television," his family has told BBC Mundo.

1321 Claudia, a Chilean living in London, writes: "I am Chilean living in London for 15 years and today I am very happy and emotional to see each miner to be rescued in my Atacama desert. I was born in a mining town in northern Chile and I know how hard the mining work is, especially in Atacama desert - one of the driest in the world. God bless each one of them and their families."
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1320 Daniel Owusu-Koranteng, a former Ghanian miner and head of a miners' rights lobby group, tells BBC Focus on Africa that African mining could learn valuable lessons from Chile's experience. "It is a wake up call for all of us that we cannot take safety issues for granted," he says. "They have survived because they had basic needs with them - some rations, probably some water. And this is a lesson to us."

1311 Annemarie Holland from Cynthiana, KY, US, writes: "We live in rural Kentucky and never have my husband and I felt so much a part of the world community as we watched the first rescuer enter the mine and the first miner reach the surface last night - with tears of course! This is such an example of our common and shared humanity, a lesson for all the world in these times. Thank God for this rescue and thank God for the technology and expertise available to facilitate it."
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1310 Chilean government spokesperson Ena von Baer told the La Tercera newspaper this morning that the government would provide the miners with psychological and medical assistance and help them to look for work when they have recovered from their ordeal. "This help will be provided through the Ministry of Labour. If they accept this service or not is entirely up to each man", she said.

1303 Oana Gui from Cluj Napoca, Romania, writes: "I couldn't sleep all night watching for the rescue of the miners. At my office everybody was watching too. It is amazing and very touching. Congratulations for the Chilean people, it is fantastic how they treasure every human life! An example for us all."
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1300 Omar Reygadas, 56, is the 17th man due to be rescued. He has been working at the mine for some years. The BBC's Piers Scholfield has been following his story.

1256 Lyn Lobb from Caerphilly, Wales, writes: "This rescue proves what can be achieved when people work together. Maybe there is hope for this world after all! We will all feel much better when the last man is out."
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1250 Waiting to greet Daniel Herrera is his mother, Alicia Campos.

1249 The 16th person to be rescued from the mine, Daniel Herrera, 27, has reached the surface.

1247 The BBC World Service correspondent Piers Scholfield tweets: "Danny Herrera next up, I've become good friends with his sister Maria and nephew Christian over past month. Lovely people." Read Piers Scholfield's tweets
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1246 BBC Mundo's Macarena Galiardi reports that the rescue workers who have descended to the bottom of the mine are carrying out physical and psychological check-ups on each of the men before they are sent to the surface.

1242 The Phoenix capsule which went down to pick up the 16th miner, Daniel Herrera, was carrying a fifth rescuer, Patricio Sepulveda, who is described as a special operations police officer.

1235 Vladismir Orlov emails from Moscow: "All the world is praying for your rescue! All the best to you!"
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1232 Chilean newspaper La Tercera reports that former Chilean President Michelle Bachelet commented on the rescue while at Tokyo airport. "I am very moved, I have been watching the rescue operation in Tokyo and the images of the miners coming out of the depth of the earth are very impressive," she said. She praised the miners' courage and solidarity which had "done all Chileans proud".

1224 Victor Segovia's family, watching his return to the surface on a television at Camp Hope, applaud as he leaves the capsule, says BBC Mundo's Macarena Galiardi.

1222 BBC's Tim Willcox tweets: "Relief at San Jose as the rescue operation runs very smoothly. It's taking about an hour for each miner to be brought up." Read Tim Willcox's tweets
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1221 Chilean President Sebastian Pinera takes a telephone call from British Prime Minister David Cameron. President Pinera tells him he will visit him at 10 Downing Street next Monday and share a cup of tea.

1215 Daniel Herrera, 27, will be the 16th man to be brought out of the San Jose mine. Normally a lorry driver, he acted as paramedic's assistant during the ordeal.

1210 President Pinera greets Victor Segovia, telling him that he is about to start out on a "new life".

1204 President Pinera of Chile, who was waiting for Victor Segovia at the top of the mine shaft, takes a telephone call from Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez.

1200 Victor Segovia, the 15th person to be rescued from the mine, has reached the surface.

1157 Chilean President Sebastian Pinera takes a telephone call from his Argentinian counterpart, Cristina Fernandez.

1154 Capsule bringing Victor Segovia to the surface begins its ascent.

1148 Victor Zamora's brother cries with happiness because of his safe return to the surface, says BBC Mundo's Macarena Galiardi.

1143 The 15th man due to be rescued is Victor Segovia, 48, an electrician who was given the role of providing a daily report on the situation in the mine. In one letter to his family, he wrote of dreaming that the miners were in an oven. "When I wake I find myself in this eternal darkness that wears you down day by day," he said.

1140 Paul in Kaduna, Nigeria, writes: "Congratulations to the Chilean people! Their hope and faith and courage at the rescue location has made me shed tears. As humans there is nothing we cannot overcome, nothing ever again. The UN should designate the mine a world heritage site. I want to vist there as soon as I can. Thank God."
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1138 Families at the site are singing "go miners, we are going to get you out today," says BBC Mundo's Macarana Galiardi.

1136 Chilean President Pinera receives a phone call from President Lula of Brazil and then hugs Victor Zamora who has now been placed on a stretcher to be taken to the medical centre.

1135 Victor Zamora greets his partner, Jessica Segovia, with a smile and a long hug. Earlier this year, his home was destroyed by an earthquake.

1134 Chilean website Emol reports that Liliane Ramirez, partner of Mario Gomes the ninth miner to be rescued, says that on 7 November, his birthday, they will get married in church as they had agreed while he was underground.

1133 Nelson in Saudi Arabia, writes: "I'm from the Philippines working here in Saudi Arabia. I worked in Lepanto copper and gold mine years ago. I know how desolate it is underground, even without an accident. The trapped miners endured so much. Congratulations to the Chilean government and the technical volunteers from Chile and abroad for a job well done. The courage of the miners is very admirable."
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1130 The 14th person, Victor Zamora, 33, has reached the surface.

1122 Jan van Ryswyck in Mbabane, Swaziland writes: "Congratulations Chile! I am thoroughly impressed by the planning and frankness that has been shown by all those involved. It is also refreshing to see natural emotion and happiness from those rescued and their families. It hasn't turned into an American-type rescue with huge fanfare and tears and every psychologist and his dog telling the world what could have happened. Whilst I accept that there may be problems to come I think that everything seen so far goes to show that we do not need to add unnecessary drama to a situation, even a situation as dangerous as this one."
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1119 Victor Zamora is on his way to the surface.

1115 Dr Eric Wade from the North of England Institute of Mining and Engineering tells the BBC World Service that the first miner to come out (Florencio Avalos) had to be very strong physically because had the capsule become stuck he would have been required to detach part of it and climb back down to his colleagues.

1115 Victor Zamora, 33, will be the 14th person to be rescued. He is a vehicle mechanic who had the misfortune to be in the mine on the day of the accident.

1113 Danielle Eisenbarth in Santiago, Chile, writes: "I was out last night at a popular restaurant when the first miner was pulled out. The place was full and all eyes were on the television which broadcasted the event. Cheering erupted, clapping, and even some praying and tears. Horns honked outside in the street. The love and support of the Chilean people for their brave brother "mineros" is palpable. Being a predominately Catholic country, I hear the word "milagro" being used a lot during these times. The survival of the miners and their rescue, fortified by camaraderie and public spirit - it really is beautifully miraculous."
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1112 Alejandra Barraza in Santiago, Chile, writes: "I am Chilean and I live in Santiago, Chile. I cannot explain the big emotion that I felt when the first rescuer came down to the mine and reached the miners. It was like a miracle coming true. This has been an extraordinary effort of our government, mining companies and international experts. I hope everything ends according to the plan and all the trapped men and rescuers are freed as soon as possible. This is a proof that everything is possible, when we believe, keep our faith and work together to reach a common goal."
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1109 Bolivian President Evo Morales thanks the people of Chile for rescuing Bolivian miner Carlos Mamani. "This kind of event joins people and unites people," he says. "We are consulting with medical experts to see if Carlos Mamani can return to Bolivia with me. I send all my greetings to the 32 miners who were with Carlos Mamami, who looked after him."

1104 BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso has tweeted: "Very few families in the camp at the moment - they've gone for a short rest. The smooth running of the operation will help them sleep soundly." Read Valeria Perasso's tweets in Spanish
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1056 Carlos Barrios hugs his father, sobbing, then waves before being greeted by Chilean officials.

1054 The 13th miner Carlos Barrios, 27, has reached the surface.

1052 Carlos Barrios's father, Antenor, is waiting for him at the surface.

1045 Singer Regina Spektor is touring in Chile and tweets: "It is amazing to be in Chile as the miners get rescued! I am so happy - the whole world has been waiting - and I can't believe I get to be here for the first time in such hope-filled days! I wish them all safe returns home to their friends and families!" Read Regina's tweets
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1043 Carlos Barrios complained to his mother about the psychologist who had been working with the miners. According to a Chilean newspaper, he felt the psychologist had been putting pressure on the men.

1039 Carlos Barrios, the 13th miner to be rescued, begins his ascent.

1038 BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso has tweeted: "Edison Pena is a real character: he went running every day in the mine tunnels to keep fit and is a huge fan of Elvis..." Read Valeria Perasso's tweets in Spanish
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1037 Phoenix capsule arrives at bottom of the shaft carrying another official.

1032 Grace in Dubai tweets: "People who can't wait for anything for even five minutes should learn a lot from these rescued miners - trapped for 70 days." Read Grace's tweets
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1029 Carlos Barrios, 27, was one of the shift leaders at the time of the accident. Correction: another colleague, not him, is known as "the doctor".

1028 S'bongile in Lilongwe, Malawi, writes: "I am so happy for these men, I'm glued to my laptop and following whatever is happening. So much praise to God! When there seemed to be no way, God had to work through these rescuers and open another way. When one door closes another opens indeed."
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1023 Another official descends in the Phoenix capsule. The 13th man to be sent up will be Carlos Barrios, known to his colleagues as "the doctor" because he took a nursing course.

1022 Chilean Planning Minister Felipe Kast tweeted: "A great day for restoring faith in our collective ability to face huge challenges with urgency and hard work." Read Felipe Kast's tweets in Spanish
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1020 Miguel Mercado, a Chilean political scientist in London, tells the BBC World Service that the display of patriotic symbols like the Chilean flag is a reflection of how the country has been determined to leave behind the memories of the recent earthquake and be successful in this rescue operation.

1018 Edison Pena's girlfriend Angelica Alvarez asks for someone to take a photo as they are reunited

1017 BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso has tweeted: "The day of the collapse was Mamani's first day working in the San Jose mine… unbelievably bad luck." Read Valeria Perasso's tweets in Spanish
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1016 Mario Gomez, the ninth miner to be rescued, describes his ascent to Chilean President Sebastian Pinera and Bolivian President Evo Morales: "It was very smooth, I didn't feel anything." He explained how he could feel the temperature falling as he came to the surface.

1014 Edison Pena was greeted by his girlfriend, Angelica Alvarez, along with the president of Chile.

1013 Edison Pena initially felt very unwell after the mine collapsed and later told his girlfriend it was like a "living hell". But, according to the BBC's Matt Frei, he picked himself up and decided to run three miles every day. He is now known as "the runner" among the miners.

1011 The 12th miner Edison Pena, 34, has reached the surface.

1004 The BBC's Piers Scholfield has been following the fate of Chilean miner Omar Reygadas.

1003 Nicole in Manila, Philippines, writes: "We interrupted our work in the office to watch the rescue of our brothers the Chilean miners. Our prayers for their safe return to their families are unceasing. We join all Chileans around the world in joy and happiness for every miner who comes out safely. Praise be to God who is keeping all the brave miners and heroic rescuers safe, and congratulations to the fantastic rescue operations of the Chilean government! Long live the People of Chile! Mabuhay!"
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1000 Capsule bringing Edison Pena to the surface begins its ascent.

0957 Jeremy Allan Hawkins in France tweets: "To learn something about an embrace, watch footage of a Chilean miner reunited with his family." Read Jeremy's tweets
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0954 Next man to be rescued will be Edison Pena, 34. He told his girlfriend earlier: "I want to be free, I want to see the sun." Chilean website La Tercera describes him as an Elvis Presley fan.

0952 An aunt of Jimmy Sanchez, the youngest of the miners who is now on the surface, tells the BBC he is in fine form and denies reports that he is feeling rather fragile.

0948 Bolvian President Evo Morales is with President Pinera of Chile talking to the rescued Bolivian miner Carlos Mamani and his family.

0944 Graham in London, UK, tweets: "What is also lovely is the one-to-one chats the Chilean President Sebastian Pinera is having with each and every miner." Read Graham's tweets
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0940 Bolivian President Evo Morales is now at the site, and has been getting detailed explanation from his Chilean counterpart Sebastian Pinera.

0932 The 11th miner Jorge Galleguillos has reached the surface.

0925 "God has given me a lesson about life," says Jonathan Vega, Alex's brother.

0906 Minero_Tasmaniano, a Tasmanian mining engineer working in Mongolia writes:"To have watched all of the drama unfold at the Copiapo Mine has been simply amazing. Today is a true testament to the human spirit and the ability to endure the hardest of situations and it should certainly make us step back and think about what really is important in life."
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0901 Jessica Salgado, the wife of Alex Vega, wipes away tears, as she is led away from her husband following a brief reunion. Mr Vega will be checked by medics at the nearby field hospital before he can return to his wife, along with other family members, in the special meeting room.

0854 The Phoenix has brought its 10th passenger to the surface, 31-year-old Alex Vega, who made the sign of the cross as soon as he stepped into the cool, fresh air of the Chilean desert. He removed his helmet to give his wife a hug in front of the world's media.

0852 Alex Vega becomes the tenth man out of the mine.

0844 The men have been given a controlled diet for the past few weeks to ensure that they are able to fit into the 28-inch-wide capsule, says psychologist James Thompson.

0839 The capsule starts to raise Alex Vega to the surface from the dark, hot and humid underground chamber where the 33 miners have spent the past 70 days.

0827 Drew writes: "If you want a definition of what it is to be human, this is it. Doing the right thing, not the easy thing."
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0825 The tenth rescue mission is for Alex Vega, a 31-year-old mechanic. His wife, Jessica Salgado, has told him not to worry about their money problems - a common issue for many of the men who choose to work at the dangerous San Jose copper mine.

0821 The dusty main street of Camp Hope keeps erupting in little clusters of delirium, says the BBC's Andrew Harding. A few minutes ago, as relatives of the oldest miner, Mario Gomez, watched his rescue on a television - arms around each other - none of the gathered media even tried to ask the family questions. Each rescue here seems to be a moment beyond words, he says.

0818 The BBC's Olivia Lang has been looking at whether life will ever be the same again for the rescued men.

0817 Chile's Mining Minister Laurence Golborne has just tweeted: "We are speeding up the rescue. Even the most at risk group are doing well. Hold on miners!" Read Laurence Golborne's tweets in Spanish
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0814 The unprecedented rescue mission in the remote desert of northern Chile has gone as smoothly as anyone could have hoped so far, with nine miners pulled to safety and no sign of the rescue capsule slowing down.

0811 Every time a miner emerges from the shaft alive, teams at South Africa's mine rescue training site south of Johannesburg have been smiling with pride, says the BBC's Karen Allen in the Carletonville gold mining area. "Watching those guys emerge safely feels like another day in paradise," says one South African mine rescuer.

0809 Cindy Dingiswayo - one of 3,000 miners trapped underground for 40 hours after a mining accident disaster in Carletonville, South Africa in 2007 - expressed solidarity with the Chilean miners. "They need to keep the strength they've had for the past two months to make their mining industry work the best way," she told BBC's Network Africa.

0806 Lucas Maahs from Buenos Aires, Argentina tweets: "The rescue of the miners is not a miracle - the miracle is that they were alive. The rest has been an enormous effort made by people with a great sense of humanity." Read Lucas's tweets in Spanish
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0805 "I have come back to life," he says, quietly.

0803 Mr Gomez, the oldest man in the mine, falls to his knees in prayer.

0802 Mario Gomez, 63, who was thinking of retiring in November, has now emerged from the mine. Emerging from the cage, he stuck two thumbs in the air and held up a Chilean flag.

0800 Veteran miner Mario Gomez becomes the ninth man safely pulled to the surface.

0758 Despite concerns about the health of Mario Gomez, the rescuers appear relaxed - laughing and joking, and taking pictures with his wife Liliana Ramirez. The wheel is continuing to turn, and a sense of anticipation is building.

0755 Josephine Phillips Janssen in Barry, South Wales - an area closely connected to mining - writes: "My brother and I recently discovered that our great-grandfather, Lewis Phillips, was killed in a mining accident in 1884, aged only 27, which brings this closer to us. My brother is watching this in Norfolk and we are talking to each other online."
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0752 Lilian Ramirez, the wife of Mario Gomez, walks over to the yellow gantry where she will soon meet the 63-year-old, who has been working in the mines since the age of 12. A few weeks ago, she told the media she had received a memorable letter from him. "He said he loves me. I've never received a letter like that from him - even when we were going out he wasn't romantic."

0740 Extra health precautions are being taken for the oldest miner, 63-year-old Mario Gomez, as he prepares to enter the capsule deep underground. He is being fitted with a full-face oxygen mask as he has had some respiratory problems.

0739 Dan Lundmark from Long Beach, US tweets: "Awesome watching Chilean miners rescued and reunited with family, after months trapped 700m underground, on my birthday! What a gift." Read Dan's tweets
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0735 Dr Iya Whiteley, a psychologist who has worked with astronauts and the military, tells the BBC World Service that it's good to treat the miners with care and attention, but that it's also important not to overwhelm them. "I think they should say that they need to be respected. If they don't want to be interviewed we should leave them to their family and their life."

0733 Health Minister Jaime Manalich says if the rescue continues so smoothly, it should be completed in a day-and-a-half.

0731 Joseph Olupot in Arua, Uganda, writes: "It is thrilling to see the valuable lives of people being rescued after such a long time of hopelessness and desolation. I could not contain my happiness. I am delighted. I join the Chileans in celebrating."
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0726 Juan Illanes, Jimmy Sanchez and Osman Araya should be flown to the hospital in Copiapo within minutes, says Mr Manalich. They all understand the reasons why they have to stay in hospital, he adds.

0725 Allan B Beaton II from Cardiff, UK tweets: "It makes everything that I could possibly complain about today irrelevant and actually selfish. Each rescued miner is a miracle and a blessing." Read Allan's tweets
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0723 The miners underground are also being checked, says Mr Manalich. Their health is good but they are tired and some still have many hours to wait.

0718 Chile's Health Minister Jaime Manalich says the miners are generally in good health, but some have experienced high blood pressure when travelling to the surface. The rescued men are being rehydrated and given vitamins, he says.

0708 A smiling Claudio Yanez, in a green jump suit, falls into the arms of his fiancee, before embracing his two young daughters and rescue officials.

0704 It's a good morning for everyone at Camp Hope, says the BBC's Tim Willcox, as dawn breaks on what has been an extraordinary rescue operation.

0703 The eighth miner, Claudio Yanez, reaches the surface.

0658 The partner and two daughters of Claudio Yanez are ready to greet him. When the families are allowed to move close to the winch, we know the capsule is about to emerge.

0650 It is starting to get light in the Atacama desert and the temperature is very low, says BBC Mundo's Rodrigo Bustamante. But the families are staying in their tents and shouting and clapping whenever there is news, he adds.

0647 Claudio Yanez has lots to look forward to when he reaches the surface. His fiancee, Cristina, told the BBC earlier this week that she would "cover him with kisses" and has some special lingerie lined up.

0645 Psychologist James Thompson tells BBC News the miners went through 17 days of pure hell before they were found, 52 days of modified hell as they awaited rescue, and must now feel they are close to heaven.

0640 The capsule goes down for Claudio Yanez, a 34-year-old drill operator who accepted a marriage proposal from his long-term partner, Cristina Nunez, while stuck underground.

0638 Travelling_teacher, from the UK but living in rural Japan, writes: "I've been absolutely glued to my laptop screen all afternoon following the live feed and as a result, so have the other teachers in the teachers' room - they're now following the Japanese news on TV. It's become the talk of the school. An amazing feat of human courage and strength so far, it's stopped even the workings of this little countryside school all these miles away. Incredible."
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0634 Emotional scenes as Jimmy Sanchez, the 19-year-old who was said to have found it hard to cope, walks out of the field hospital to be greeted by his girlfriend, Helen.

0631 Jose Ojeda could be seen jubilantly waving a Chilean flag as soon as he stepped out of the capsule.

0628 The rescue capsule is being checked carefully every time it comes to the surface. No-one wants to see an accident or malfunction at this point in what has been a flawless operation.

0624 Chilean President Sebastian Pinera has gone to his motorhome with his wife to catch a few hours of sleep before daylight at the San Jose mine. It's going to be a very, very long day for the rescue teams, says the BBC's Tim Willcox.

0621 Jose Ojeda, miner number seven, is free.

0620 Mrs VM Lesage in Jounieh, Lebanon, writes: "We are watching a miracle unfold. I must admit to shedding a few tears when the first of the miners was hauled to the surface, tears of relief and joy that their ordeal is nearly at an end. Really this a wonderful day."
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0616 The step-daughter of Jose Ojeda - a widower of eight years - is in position and ready to greet the veteran miner.

0609 Ershad, a BBC World Service listener from Kuwait says: "Humanity is still alive. Human life is more important than anything else and this is the proof of it."

0607 Jose Ojeda, 46, is a master driller who has spent three decades working as miner, a job he says he enjoys. Rescuers are telling him, "Be patient, you'll be fine," as he prepares to enter the rescue module.

0602 Marijke B from The Netherlands tweets: "The Chilean mine rescue is like the first moon landing all over again. The waiting, the tension. Tears down my cheeks with every rescued miner." Read Marijke's tweets
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0558 The rescues have been carried out in exactly the order that had been arranged so far. Each miner seems to be patiently awaiting his turn.

0557 R P Barthwal in Gangtok, India, writes: "Dedication, devotion and determination and never saying it's not possible. The world has been given an example of encouragement as to how to carry out disaster management in such a grim situation. The Chilean rescue team and government deserve a special honour and reward."
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0554 We're seeing some very tough guys, says psychologist James Thompson on BBC World News. But he warns that the early euphoria could soon give way to depression or anxiety, once the men come back down to reality and try to deal with their family relationships, their new status as heroes, and their memories of being trapped underground.

0552 The BBC's Emilio San Pedro says President Pinera's government has handled this crisis with clockwork precision - and the president's personal popularity ratings have soared above 70%.

0549 Natalie Kruger from Durban, South Africa tweets: "What incredible courage, perseverance and patience. I'm in tears!" Read Natalie's tweets
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0544 Jose Ojeda - the man who wrote the "We are all well" note that has become famous all over the world - is set to become the seventh man to be rescued in the flawless operation.

0542 James Watkins from the Midlands, UK tweets: "What an amazing morning...the Chilean miner evacuation is heartwarming stuff. Hope they all make it up safely. Hollywood get ready." Read James's tweets
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0538Two thumbs up from Osman Araya as he is wheeled away on a stretcher, wearing a T-shirt that says "Thank you, Lord".

0535 Helmet-to-helmet hugs between Osman Araya - the sixth miner to be rescued since midnight local time - and his wife, Angelica.

0534 Osman Araya becomes the sixth miner to be freed.

0532 Car alarms go off as a second helicopter hovers above the San Jose mine. Meanwhile, the camp goes dark momentarily to enable the chopper to navigate.

0530 The BBC's Vanessa Buschschluter at the mine has been describing the remarkable change in the atmosphere at Camp Hope as the men began to emerge.

0528 Angelica, the wife of Osman Araya, is being comforted by officials, as she nervously awaits the arrival of her husband.

0524 The Chilean government is releasing pictures of the rescue as it happens on Flickr.

0518 The BBC's James Read says the number 33 has taken on a special significance for the miners, who are known to be superstitious: there are 33 miners, it took 33 days for the drill to complete the rescue shaft and Roman Catholic Chileans believe Jesus Christ was 33 when he died. Even President Sebastian Pinera mentioned the "magic number" in his triumphant speech after the first miner emerged from the shaft. The date of the rescue 13/10/10, adds up to - you guessed it - 33.

0519 Osman Araya, 30, is now in the capsule ready to be hauled out.

0513 In one of the messages he sent up from the mine, Osman Araya, the next man to be rescued, had told his family: "I'll never leave you. I'll fight to the end to be with you."

0456 Reports of media mayhem at Camp Hope. Earlier, the father of Florencio Avalos, the first miner to be rescued, was pushed and shoved by several cameras as he tried to reach his son, says BBC producer Duncan Stone. "It's a mad world when there are so many camera crews with so little to film in such a small space," he adds.

0452 The first four miners - Florencio Avalos, Mario Sepulveda, Juan Illanes and Carlos Mamani - arrive by helicopter at Copiapo hospital.

0449 The Phoenix capsule - painted in the white, blue and red of the Chilean flag - is lowered for Osman Araya. It is the capsule's sixth descent of some 2,300ft (700m) below ground.

0443 Lucy Herrera, the mother of Daniel who is expected to be the 16th miner to come out, tells BBC World Service she hopes she won't break down in tears in front of him. "I am actually really calm. I thought I would be more nervous, but I have surprised myself. I'm just waiting my turn," she says.

0444 The Chileans have shown great expertise and skill in the operation, which has never been attempted on this scale before, a mining expert tells BBC World News.

0442 Bennaiqbal tweets: "The rescue operations and every action happening at the mine in SanJose Chile is absolutely an inspiration to the world."

0433 Next up is 30-year-old Osman Araya, who acted as the messenger or "palomero" for Group 105 - one of the three teams the men were divided into in the mine. He will become the sixth man to be pulled to freedom.

0431 Rescuers are greasing the wheels of the capsule before its sixth rescue mission - the process is taking a bit longer than the 10 minutes they had set aside for the mechanical check.

0428 The first helicopter has left the San Jose gold and copper mine for Copiapo hospital, where the miners will be assessed before they are released.

0427 Meral Hussein in London tweets: "Watching 19 year old Jimmy Sanchez rescued - looked so shaken but brave - with tears. Can't imagine my own 19 year old enduring this." Read Meral Hussein's tweets.
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0422 A football theme for the rescue of Jimmy Sanchez - his father Juan was wearing a shirt from Chile University, Jimmy's favourite football team, and waving the team flag as he greeted his 19-year-old son for the first time in two months.

0415 Jimmy Sanchez, the youngest of the miners, emerges at the surface looking exhausted and more shell shocked than the others. He gets a hug from his father, Juan.

0409 Jimmy Sanchez, 19, has said that thoughts of his two-month-old baby daughter Barbara have helped him to survive the 69 gruelling days underground.

0406 To learn more about how engineers have worked to bring the trapped miners to the surface, have a look at our 3D animated model.

0403 Doctors at Copiapo hospital tell the BBC they are not expecting any major complications with the first four miners, who are due to arrive by helicopter in the next two hours.

0401 The rescuers at the top are communicating with Jimmy Sanchez as he is winched to the surface - with the wheel turning a bit slower, it seems, than for the first four miners.

0358 Dr Jennifer Wild of the Institute of Psychiatry at King's College, London, tells BBC World Service that despite their relaxed appearance, the miners will need close supervision to ease them back into normal life.

0356 Jimmy Sanchez is being pulled out of the mine. He is the fifth man to be rescued and seems quite nervous.

0353 Mario Sepulveda says: "I was with God and the devil. They fought, God won."

0347 As the hours go by, the families are getting increasingly tired, says BBC Mundo's Macarena Galiardi. Some have gone to sleep to have the energy and be able to party when morning comes, she says.

0346 Jimmy Sanchez is on board the rescue capsule.

0345 Mario Sepulveda asks the media not to treat him as a celebrity. "I would like you treat me as what I am - a miner," he says proudly.

0341 But he also says there have to be changes in mining practices, to prevent such an accident happening again.

0338 Mario Sepulveda tells reporters: "We are so happy. I never had a doubt. I always believed in the professionals, I always had faith in God."

0336 "Thank you Chile, thank you world, Bolivia hugs you from Camp Hope," chanted friends and relatives of Carlos Mamani, as he became the fourth man freed.

0335 The Phoenix capsule has touched down in the mine for the fifth rescue.

0330 The next group to be rescued will include some of the more vulnerable - the weakest and the sickest of the miners. Jimmy Sanchez is thought to be the most vulnerable psychologically.

0329 The big white wheel on the top of the gantry appears to be turning faster, says the BBC's Tim Willcox, as the rescuers get more confident with each rescue operation.

0324 Mario Sepulveda, who became the spokesman for the men underground, practically jumps off the stretcher to greet his family at the reunion centre.

0320 The capsule goes down for Jimmy Sanchez, the youngest of the 33 men at 19 years old, and who had only been working as a miner for five months.

0317 The BBC's Valeria Perasso at the mine says the rescues are going quicker than thought, but it is worth remembering that the first miners to come out are the stronger ones, and so are presumably in better shape than those still to come.

0313 Like all the other rescued miners, Mr Mamani looks fit and healthy, but is carried away on a stretcher regardless.

0311 Cheers and clapping greet Carlos Mamani. "Thank you to everyone," are his first words, followed by a hug for his wife, Veronica.

0309 Bolivian Carlos Mamani is out of the mine.

0305 The couple and their daughter Emily have been promised some land in the central Bolivian city of Cochabamba by President Evo Morales, to help them start a new life.

0303 Carlos Mamani's wife, Veronica Quispe, looks quite anxious as she waits for him by the top of the shaft.

0256 It's going to be difficult to keep the men in hospital, says the BBC's Tim Willcox. The first three have emerged from the mine looking fighting fit and are ready for freedom.

0252 Carlos Mamani - the man who has said that he will never, ever work in a mine again because of the accident - has been strapped into his bio suit and is starting his ascent.

0252 BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso has tweeted: "Mamani's parents-in-law are standing by the exit of the tunnel holding the Bolivian tricolour flag." Read Valeria Perasso's tweets
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0244 The capsule has reached the bottom of the shaft again and the next miner is preparing to make the journey out.

0230 Mirko H Soto from La Paz, Bolivia tweets: "No sleep for us tonight. We are waiting for Mamani!" Read Mirko H Soto's tweets
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0228 The capsule is now being lowered to rescue 23-year-old Carlos Mamani, a Bolivian national and the only foreigner in the group.

0211 The BBC's Matthew Rhodes is in Copiapo, the nearest town to the mine. The celebrations are in full swing there, and there can hardly be a car horn not sounding out in this proud mining town.

0209 As Juan Illanes emerges, he is asked how his trip was. His reply? "Like a cruise!" Smiles all round.

0208 And Juan Illanes is with us. Three up, 30 to go - or 33 if you include the three rescuers now underground with the miners.

0207 Juan Illanes reaches the surface, the third miner to emerge from the depths.

0203 Global reaction to this story continues to come in. Tetsuro Umeji in Kudamatsu City, Japan, writes: "I'm a high school English teacher in Japan. It was supposed to be a day off for me, and I was planning to catch up on my reading. But now my eyes are glued to the computer screen as the rescue is broadcast live. Absolutely amazing! Congratulations, Chile! I will keep my fingers crossed until the last of the 33 miners is brought to the surface!"
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0158 The wife of Juan Illanes is now waiting near to the head of the rescue shaft. She's chatting and joking with President Pinera. He seems very at ease in this situation.

0153 Mr Illanes served as a corporal during Chile's border conflict with Argentina, which ended in 1984.

0152 Juan Illanes, now 51, is an old soldier. He was in the Chilean army before he became a miner.

0150 Juan Illanes becomes third miner to make ascent in Phoenix rescue capsule.

0149 Locked and loaded with the third miner, Juan Illanes.

0143 Mario Sepulveda's brother Claudio says he saw him "complete, happy, appearing as if he almost didn't want to go to the hospital", Valeria Perasso adds.

0142 And it's back - the Phoenix returns to the floor of the mine, delivering Patricio Roblero into the gloom.

0141The arrival of Mario Sepulveda at the surface of the mine in perfect physical and emotional condition was overwhelming, says BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso. He demonstrated an amazing sense of humour before running towards a group of rescuers and leading the group in the national chant.

0134 Sgt Rios and Corporal Roblero have the authority to rearrange the rescue list based on medical need. The idea is to bring out some of the fittest miners first, then those with medical conditions such as hypertension and diabetes. The last to go should be both physically fit and strong of character.

0129 People around the world are tweeting in reaction to Mario Sepulveda's energetic exit. Paula Torres in Ecuador tweets: "I love how joyful Mario Sepulveda is. How could he not be, he now has a second chance at life!" T Kindred in Texas, USA, tweets: "Mario Sepulveda just made my night It seems his spirit was never broken and the fact that he passed out rocks as gift is funny."
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0127 Heading down: Patricio Roblero, a corporal in the Chilean navy, who has solid experience of survival in hostile environments and escapes from confined spaces.

0123 More reaction from those who are neither Chilean, nor miners, yet find themselves hooked on the drama. Gemma in Newcastle, UK, writes: "I shed a tear at the first miner appearing. The strength of the human spirit is beautiful and awe inspiring."
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0121 The capsule looks good but the paint is scraped in places. There seems to be some concern about the door - it may have hit something on the first, unmanned test.

0118 Things are moving on now. Immediately another rescuer is readied for the descent. Patricio Robledo was the man scheduled to go down last time around, only for Robert Rios, the medic, to take his place.

0117 Mario Sepulveda works the crowd, raising cheers, punching the air like he has not spent nearly 70 days under rock. Despite all that energy, he is strapped to a stretcher and wheeled away for assessment - but there's a grin beneath those protective shades.

0115 The miners' story is reaching all corners of the world. Kelvin Kamang in Kalulushi, Zambia, writes: "I am a miner at a small copper mine called Chibuluma Mine. We felt so bad when we heard that our brothers where trapped in Chile. The good news about their likely escape has brought much joy and happiness to every miner here."
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0113 You can read the story of this night on the face of Mario Sepulveda's wife, Elvira. She is laughing with joy. Her man is back, smiling, embracing her, handing out pieces of rock as souvenirs to the crowd!

0111 Mario Sepulveda is a bundle of energy. Animated and shouting, he embraces the president and shouts with joy.

0109 Mario Sepulveda reaches the surface and becomes the second miner to escape from the San Jose mine.

0108 Yelling to his wife Elvira from inside the shaft, Mario Sepulveda approaches the surface.

0107 Jose Brian Vasquez Gonzalez in Chile says: "I am Chilean and the son of a miner, this is very emotional for me. The Chilean miners are great men. Hang in there!
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0458 Remember it is more than 30C down below and close to freezing above. Hence the donning of the sweater.

0057 Mario Sepulveda is on his way, wearing a sweater and an oxygen mask.

0055 Mario Sepulveda becomes the second miner hoisted from the bottom of the San Jose shaft.

0053 Down in the depths, Mario Sepulveda is helped into the capsule. On the audio feed, the voices of the controllers at the surface sound relaxed and at ease.

0050 Mr Sepulveda was the undisputed star of the videos sent up by the miners. Known by many as "the presenter", he interviewed the other miners and gave guided TV tours of their refuge. Quick-witted and charismatic, he is already in demand among Chile's TV chat shows.

0046 Asked what her family were feeling, Mario Sepulveda's aunt Ana Espinace said "anguish". They were longing, she said, to hug and kiss him, and tell him how much they loved him.

0045 Sgt Rios arrives in the mine, and Mario Sepulveda is due to take his place in the capsule. The sergeant's role is thought to be that of a paramedic, assessing the needs of the remaining miners to work out the final order in which they should ascend.

0044 Capsule arrives at the foot of the rescue shaft for a second time.

0039 Sebastian Pinera is a relative newcomer to Chile's highest office. Elected in January, he took office in March in the aftermath of a devastating earthquake in Concepcion. But his approach to the miners' plight has won him warm approval around the country. He stands there tonight a very popular politician indeed.

0034 The president's words are echoed by other Chileans. Patricia Araya tweets from the city of Concepcion: "Sirens are sounding here in Concepcion, like in many other cities in Chile… saying we're great!" Read Patricia Araya's tweets
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0033 President Sebastian Pinera: "This has fulfilled the Chilean dream."

0030 President Pinera again. He's speaking to the nation - to the world, even - hailing the success of the operation. He has a huge, broad smile on his face. He promises that "each and every one" of "Los 33" will be freed soon.

0027 A relative of Florencia Avalos tells the BBC's Tim Willcox of the "indescribable" moment when the miner emerged.

0025 Robert Rios Seguel, a sergeant in the Chilean navy's special forces, is a first aider with 10 years' experience as well as a tactical diver. Has long experience of survival in hostile environments and escapes from confined areas.

0020 Even as the celebrations begin, it's time to press on. There are 32 more miners to rescue. Another rescue worker, in navy uniform, Robert Rios Seguel, is buckling up his harness near the shaft.

0016 A smiling Florencio Avalos looks fit and strong as he is led away for his check-up.

0016 The little daughter of Florencio Avalos bursts into tears as claps and cheers go up around the miner, free at last.

0015 BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso has tweeted: "They say Florencio Avalos didn't get along with his family and that he had never spent such a long time with his brother Renan as he did on this 69 days. From the confinement of the mine, he wrote a letter saying that the most important thing for him is family." Read Valeria Perasso's tweets
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0013 Florencio Avalos hugs and kisses his family as celebrations erupt at the top of the rescue shaft. At this hugely emotional moment, the miner himself seems composed and calm. A huge boost for everyone.

0011 After 69 days, Florencio Avalos becomes the first miner to emerge from the San Jose mine.

0010 In centre of Copiapo, the BBC's Matthew Rhodes says everyone is glued to a big screen waiting for first miner to come out. There is very little noise from the crowd - everyone is just waiting to see the first face.

0008 Sirens go off at the mine head, telling medics to be ready for the capsule's arrival.

0007 Another emotional tweet from President Sebastian Pinera: "The excitement! The joy! The proudness to be Chilean! And the gratefulness to God!" Read Sebastian Pinera's tweets
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0006 Florencio Avalos brought the plight of himself and his comrades to the attention of the world through his videos from the depths. He was rarely glimpsed himself as he was doing the filming. Now the whole world will see him.

0001 From BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso: Avalos' mother is very tense. She's biting her nails and is shaking a bit. Understandable!

2359 The tent belonging to the family of Florencio Avalos is mobbed by reporters from all over the world waiting to capture the moment when he makes it safely to the top, says BBC Mundo's Rodrigo Bustamante.

2358 The winch turns, and the capsule disappears back up the shaft.

2355 Andre Sougarret, the head of the rescue operation, has just tweeted: "Florencio Avalos on his way" Read Andre Sougarret's tweets
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2355 Florencio Avalos becomes the first miner to begin his journey out of the San Jose mine.

2352 Chilean TV reports are confirming that this is, in fact, the beginning of the rescue. "Rescue of Florencio Avalos", the caption reads.

2351 Scenes of confusion as media crews rush after Alfonso Avalos, father of Florencio and Renan, near the rescue site. Florencio is the first miner due out, of course.

2350 Meanwhile, 700m above the miners, President Pinera has shaken hands with his Mining Minister, Laurence Golborne.

2348 Mining Minister Laurence Golborne has just tweeted: "First contact with the rescue worker. Bravo! They hug. Smiles. They clap. Great men! Manuel Gonzalez organises and explains the rescue. Florencio on his way" Read Laurence Golborne's tweets
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2345 Relatives at Camp Hope react to the capsule's arrival - cheering and whooping and shouting "Viva Chile", reports the BBC's Vanessa Bushschluter.

2343 The elation down in the mine is palpable but the weary-looking, bare-chested miners remain orderly, clearly maintaining the discipline that has served them well for nearly 10 weeks.

2339 Miners crowd around the first rescuer to hear him explain what he saw in the shaft.

2338 Video shows the capsule emerging from the bottom of the shaft and a miner opening it to welcome Mr Gonzales, hugging him.

2336 Phoenix capsule arrives at cavern at bottom of shaft.

2331 The shaft is lined with metal tubes for about 54m (177ft) to avoid the risk of rocks crumbling at the top of the escape route.

2329 As Manuel Gonzalez heads towards the miners, the president and the workers at the shaft head sing the national anthem of Chile.

2323 Maximiliano Wener in Santiago, Chile, tweets: "Wishing the best to Manuel Gonzalez, the first rescue worker. Our hope begins with him" Read Maximiliano Werner's tweets
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2322 The Phoenix will travel at about 1m (3ft) a second, but can be speeded up to 3m a second if necessary.

2321 Looking down into the shaft, after the disappearing capsule, President Pinera makes the sign of the cross.

2320 Flag-waving and cheers around Camp Hope as people watch the unfolding events on a big screen.

2318 Manuel Gonzalez Pavez, the first rescue worker, heads down the rescue shaft in the Phoenix capsule.

2317 Manuel Gonzalez is strapped in and ready to go. He's looking nervous.

2314 Piers Scholfield of the BBC World Service is also at the mine keeping a close eye on what the local media are saying. He has just tweeted: "Rescue has started officially - cheers ringing round the camp" Read Piers Scholfield's tweets
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2313 Manuel Gonzalez steps back out to allow final checks to the kit in the capsule, then re-enters the tight-fitting metal tube.

2310 Manuel Gonzalez gets pats on the back, best wishes from the president, then enters the capsule.

2305 Confirmation that things are moving on. Andre Sougarret, the head of the rescue operation, has just tweeted: "We will now send the rescue worker" Read Andre Sougarret's tweets
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2302 A rescue worker - presumably Manuel Gonzalez - is spotted near the shaft wearing a harness, to begin the first manned descent. He can be seen speaking to President Pinera.

2300 For a different take on the unfolding drama in Chile, tune in to the BBC World Service. You can listen via the BBC World Service website.

2255 Each ride up the shaft will take between 12 and 20 minutes. Once the rescue gets going, miners are set to emerge at a rate of one an hour.

2246 Over his time in mining, Mr Gonzalez has become an expert in vertical ascents and has taken part in a number of mine emergencies, according to reports.

2245 Mr Gonzalez will descend first in search of the miners and will give reports on the progress of the operation, Valeria Perasso reports.

2243 We have news of the first rescuer: Manuel Gonzalez, a man with 20 years of mining experience, 12 in mine rescues.

2237 As we wait for the rescue, you can find out how engineers have worked to bring the trapped miners to the surface by looking at our special 3D animated model.

2230 Chilean President Sebastian Pinera has tweeted: "After 68 days of worry and hope, the moment of truth has come. Let God be with the miners and the rescue workers." Read Sebastian Pinera's tweets
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2229 The BBC's Tim Willcox goes in search of the family of Florencio Avalos, the first man out. The family are surrounded by massed ranks of media, sitting quietly and looking uncomfortable, he reports.

2224 Banks of media whistled and jeered when a huge Chilean flag was wheeled in front of the rescue site, blocking the view, says the BBC's Rajesh Mirchandani. Ten minutes later it was removed.

2215 Testing is continuing. The Phoenix has returned to the surface and gone down again - still with no-one inside.

2210 And the father of Florencio and Renan Avalos? "As a father, I'd tell them not to ever work again in the mine, but it will be up to them to decide," he told BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso.

2207 Relatives of Carlos Mamani, the Bolivian due to emerge fourth, have been speaking to the BBC's Matt Frei and Tim Willcox. They said Mr Mamani's wife had spoken to him and he was feeling better in recent days, knowing rescue was near.

2205 Incredibly, Florencio's younger brother Renan is also trapped with him in the mine. By contrast, he is 25th on the list. It is said that each of the miners volunteered to go last.

2202 An uncle of Florencio Avalos, Alberto, believes he was chosen to come up first because of his good "physical condition and his serenity".

2159 With the capsule testing going, perhaps it's time to think again about the men being rescued tonight.

2155 Andre Sougarret, the head of the rescue operation, has been tweeting from the mine for weeks now. His latest message was sent just before the capsule descended: "We will start the tests in a few minutes!" Read Andre Sougarret's tweets
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2151 Sebastian Salinas from Santiago, Chile, tweets: "The miners quarrelled about who would be the last one to get out. This is a group of very brave and supportive heroes" Read Sebastian Salinas' tweets
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2146 The atmosphere all around the mine is coming alive. Staff close to the capsule have been chanting in support: "Go miners, tonight's the night we are going to rescue you".

2143 Packages passed along the bore hole were nicknamed "palomas", or doves. Their contents ranged from sandwiches to cameras, dirty laundry to Bibles.

2139 The man-sized escape shaft is just the latest lifeline for the miners. For most of their time underground a bore hole no wider than a grapefruit has served as a lifeline. It was used to pass messages, food and water.

2137 Some more details about the capsule: it contains a small video camera which will be focussed on each miner's face so rescuers can watch for panic, and also two-way voice communications.

2135 The capsule is reportedly only heading down to 65 metres at first as it tests the way it moves in the escape shaft.

2133 First rescue capsule heads down into escape shaft.

2130 The BBC's Rajesh Mirchandani is watching the capsule being made ready. Remember, it needs to make some runs on its own first before taking any passengers at all.

2127 Another milestone on the way - the Phoenix capsule is being lowered into the rescue shaft.

2123 The mine rescue is making waves around the world. The BBC's World News America team report large numbers of people watching the build-up on huge screens outside the Chilean embassy in Washington, DC.

2117 More from BBC Mundo's Valeria Perasso: a group huddles by the tent of the Avalos family, she reports - Florencio, who has shot to fame during his ordeal, is due to be the first of the 33 miners to come out.

2114 Some people in Chile have been retweeting this comment from Mexican columnist Gabriela Warkentin: "The Chilean miners' rescue has become a great global reality show. We are the society of the spectacle, that's what we are." Read Gabriela Warkentin's tweets
tweet

2110 The order in which the miners will emerge, as told to their families: Florencio Avalos, Mario Sepulveda, Juan Illanes, Carlos Mamani, Jimmy Sanchez, Osman Araya, Jose Ojeda, Claudio Yanez, Mario Gomez, Alex Vega, Jorge Galleguillos, Edison Pena, Carlos Barrios, Victor Zamora, Víctor Segovia, Daniel Herrera, Omar Reygadas, Esteban Rojas, Pablo Rojas, Dario Segovia, Yonni Barrios, Samuel Avalos, Carlos Bugueno, Jose Henriquez, Renan Avalos, Claudio Acuna, Franklin Lobos, Richard Villarroel, Juan Aguilar, Raul Bustos, Pedro Cortez, Ariel Ticona, Luis Urzua.

2106 President Pinera is back at the rescue zone. He's standing by the side of the capsule watching the phone cable go down.

2104 News is now coming from Chilean officials that they've handed the families a list outlining the order in which the miners are expected to emerge.

2101 And that cable we saw being fed down the shaft - it's confirmed as a phone cable.

2100The Phoenix capsule is now standing upright - applause was heard from Camp Hope as the image was beamed to the families.

2057 We can see now that a cable of some kind is being threaded down the shaft.

2055 If you use Twitter, we've also created a list of news correspondents and political figures in Chile tweeting on this story. Follow BBC_HaveYourSay/chile-miners
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2053 The first capsule, by the way, is painted red, blue and white - the colours of Chile's flag.

2050 Elsewhere, there will be sound too. President Pinera has asked for all churches in Chile to ring their bells in celebration when the first miner emerges.

2049 When the rescue begins, the night and the light will be augmented by sounds. Seconds before each miner surfaces, a siren will sound and a light will flash for a full minute. This "Genesis alarm" is meant to alert medics.

2045 With the dark has come the lights - the rescue site is now lit up like a football pitch.

2043 Night has now fallen at the mine, Rodrigo reports, and the first camp fires have been lit to guard against the cold.

2040 Rodrigo Bustamante of BBC Mundo reports that the delay in the start of the operation has dampened the mood of some of the miners' relatives at Camp Hope.
But there's consensus among the relatives that the most important thing is that all goes to plan.

2036 The first rescuer is being chosen out of a 16-strong team of experienced mine rescuers and navy divers. Their job will be to organise the ascent and manage the miners. The biggest fear, it seems, is of panic attacks during the trip up.

2032 That order is, of course, subject to change. The first rescuer will make medical checks on the health of the miners once he's underground.

2028 An intriguing nugget from Valeria Perasso of BBC Mundo. The first rescuer to go down has not only already been chosen, but he's carrying the list of the order in which the miners will come out.

2025 We have been getting some messages of support from Latin America. Jormilis Bencomo from Maracaibo,Venezuela, writes: "I have followed the news since the beginning. I wish the relatives lots of strength to receive those wonderful persons". Jessica Velasquez from El Salvador says "lots of people here are asking God to keep you safe. Chile will now be remembered because of the 33 heroes."
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2023 That hospital will eventually become the focus of the operation. Two entire floors of the place have been set aside for the miners, and they are expected to give their first TV interview - all together - from inside the hospital.

2022 Medical checks will be made in three stages: a quick check-up on the spot, transfer to a field hospital, then transfer to the hospital proper in Copiapo.

2021 Franco Utilli, in charge of first aid for the miners, says some of the miners have respiratory and dental problems.

2013 So this is the process: officials say a capsule will first be sent down empty. Then, a rescuer will be sent down on a very slow descent into the mine. He will come up and give a full report on the progress and then be sent down again on a faster journey into the mine. After that he'll give a full report. He will come up before another rescuer goes down to carry out the first mission.

2003 Officials say they will test the capsule empty before sending it down with the first rescuer.

1959 Three lines of communication need to be established, Mr Golborne says. One with the miner being rescued, a second with the refuge where the miners are located and a third between the triage and the medic.

1955 Mr Golborne says some decisions have been made: the first man to descend as rescuer has been chosen, but not yet informed of his task.

1953 Laurence Golborne has said there are some more tests still to come. Even though the capsule is about to be raised the actual mission is two hours away.

1951 Laurence Golborne, Chile's mining minister, is speaking now. His message: the operation is two hours away from starting.

1950 A word about Carlos Mamani, the Bolivian miner. Chile's president has just confirmed that Bolivia's Evo Morales plans to meet his compatriot in hospital on Wednesday.

1947 Coming out by day will be easier: it was a tolerable 18C on Tuesday afternoon. Temperatures in the Atacama fluctuate wildly between day and night. Those at the mine are wrapping up warm now for a long night.

1946 It is said to be 32C below ground. Any miner surfacing during the night will feel a shock to his system, with the desert temperature near freezing.

1943 The first 54m of the capsule's journey is lined with metal. After that, though, the shaft - more than 600m deep - is hewn straight from granite.

1940The beginning seems imminent - Phoenix 2 is being readied by the shaft.

1938 There's been a change in the order of the men to be rescued: President Pinera has said on camera that Florencio Avalos will be first out, followed by Mario Sepulveda, second. But Juan Illanes will now be third and the Bolivian miner Carlos Mamani will come out fourth.

1938 From Washington: President Barack Obama says "thoughts and prayers" are with the "brave miners".

1936 The hardship of those 17 days is difficult to imagine. During that time they survived by stretching out rations meant to last just 48 hours.

1935 Fifty-four-year-old Luis Urzua is scheduled to come up last. He's has been credited with showing the leadership that enabled the miners to survive the first 17 days - when they were entirely cut off from the outside world.

1933On their way out, each miner will spend between 12 and 15 minutes in the Phoenix capsule. He will wear an oxygen mask and dark glasses to avoid eye damage after emerging from the darkness. By the way, the hospital at Copiapo is dimming its lights in anticipation. The rescued miners will be spending a couple of days there under observation.

1930 The BBC's Piers Scholfield tweets: "Sun about to disappear behind mountain at Camp Hope - readying for a long cold night." Read Piers Scholfield's tweets
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1929 Every one of the 33 miners has a human story to tell, a history and a family waiting for him on the surface. Have a look at our special guide with details of all the 33 men who've been trapped underground.

1922 From the BBC's Andrew Harding at the mine: One hint of the strains and complications that await some of the miners on the surface - Helen Avalos, 17, and her four-month-old baby have not managed to get to the mine tonight.
Helen is the partner of Jimmy Sanchez, 19, the youngest of the trapped men. There appears to be some friction between their respective families over who will get to welcome Jimmy at the top of the rescue tunnel - only three people are allowed. Helen says she will have to watch events on TV, and hopefully see Jimmy once he's been taken to the hospital in Copiapo, with their daughter, Barbara.

1919 The relatives of the miners have been asked to come to the canteen at the tented village at the mine, Camp Hope, where they will gather to watch the rescue mission, reports Rodrigo Bustamante of BBC Mundo, the BBC's Spanish-language service.

1917 Although the order the miners will come out in uncertain, we do know that the second miner due up is electrical specialist Mario Sepulveda, 39. He is one of the best-known of the 33, frequently acting as their spokesman on videos. The AFP news agency quotes his wife, Elvira Valdivia, as saying he is a natural leader. He was a union representative at another mine belonging to the same company.

1915 The capsule has been removed from its wooden box for an inspection. It's essentially a bullet-shaped cage equipped with oxygen canisters. It's called the Phoenix after the mythical bird reborn from its ashes.

1912 The Phoenix rescue capsules - designed specially by the Chilean Navy - have arrived at the site and are being examined.

1906 It's likely to be a long haul for everyone following the rescue. The Chilean president himself has said it could take between 24 and 48 hours to bring all 33 men to the surface.

1903 TV viewers can watch the rescue unfold live on the BBC: on the BBC News Channel in the UK or on BBC World for viewers around the globe.

1900 The order the men come out is not fixed - it will be determined by medical assessments made down in the mine.

e-mail sent in by reader
1853 David Leslie from Miami, Florida writes: "My Chilean wife and I will be watching the events here in Miami and linking up with our family in Santiago via webcam. And hopefully breaking out the champagne in celebration of the rescue of these incredibly brave men."
Have Your Say

1847 As well as news from our own correspondents we'll be highlighting your comments, e-mails and tweets. Everyone has something to say about this unique story - use the links on the right hand side of the page to have your say.

1839 The sister of one of the miners, Elisabeth Segovia, has spoken to the BBC World Service's Newshour programme: "I just want this rescue to begin now, for them to come out safely, that there are no hitches, that they just come up now and that they're all safe."

1830 President Pinera has told the mother of Florencio Avalos that her son has been chosen to come up first, the AP news agency reports. Maria Silva says she is very proud of him. He was not surprised at being picked, she adds. Perhaps he will have a helmet camera attached when he's in the capsule?

1825 The BBC's Vanessa Buschschluter, at the San Jose mine, has been getting to know the miners' families in recent weeks. The first man due to come out, Florencio Avalos, is married with two children, she reports. He's a foreman, second in command in the mine. He's been at the San Jose mine for eight years. His wife is Monica Araya, aged 33. He apparently told her just before the accident that the mine "creaked a lot".

1822 Chilean officials have chosen Mr Mamani, the Bolivian, as the third miner to come up. The first will be Florencio Avalos, 31, a driver. Mr Avalos is of athletic build and he has been one of the most active during the ordeal, filming videos to be sent to the surface. It is important for the operation that the first miners to come out are psychologically stable and experienced - in case something goes wrong.

1815 The BBC's Tim Willcox tweets: "Chilean TV says medical and rescue teams already down in the mine - based on what one family has told them." Read Tim Willcox's tweets
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1814 We'll be bringing you insight and live reporting from our team of correspondents at the mine throughout the rescue.

1807 Mr Pinera's Bolivian counterpart, Evo Morales, is also at the mine. There is a Bolivian among the miners: Carlos Mamani, a heavy machinery operator. The experience traumatised the 23-year-old, his father-in-law has said, and he does not apparently want to work in mines again.

1758 We can expect the rescue to begin in a couple of hours or so, Chilean President Sebastian Pinera has just said. He used a speech at the mine to praise the rescue workers: "We made a promise to never surrender, and we kept it." The first rescue worker is due to go down shortly to prepare the miners for their ascent.

1750 Since a rockfall 68 days ago they have been trapped in the heat and the damp and the dark. Now a steel capsule barely wider than a man's shoulders - codenamed Phoenix - will be used to lift them out, one after another, via a shaft specially drilled through 700m (half a mile) of solid rock. It has been an agonising wait for the miners' loved ones too, of course, camped out near the mine.

1745 Hello and welcome to our live coverage of one the most extraordinary rescue operations in history. We will be keeping you posted throughout the attempt to winch 33 miners to freedom from the bowels of a gold and copper mine in northern Chile.



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