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Page last updated at 18:20 GMT, Sunday, 28 February 2010

Chile counts cost of earthquake as tsunami fears ease

The earthquake debris in Chile and the coastal floods

Chile has begun to count the cost of its deadly 8.8 magnitude earthquake as nations around the Pacific eased their fears of a devastating tsunami.

The quake, on Saturday morning, killed at least 300 people - 90% of them in their homes. It is feared the damage may cost tens of billions of dollars.

The death toll looks set to rise, following reports that about 350 people died in the town of Constitucion alone.

The Pacific-wide alert for a tsunami in the wake of the quake has been lifted.

Santiago's airport has reopened, with a total of five international flight due to arrive on Sunday. It had been closed because of damage to the terminal and control tower.

CHILE TSUNAMI
map

Chilean President Michelle Bachelet said that two million people had been affected by the earthquake.

The 8.8 quake is one of the biggest ever recorded and the largest to hit Chile in 50 years.

National television quoted unnamed disaster officials as saying 350 deaths in the coastal town of Constitucion, close to the epicentre, had been caused both by the quake and the tsunami it set off.

Many Chileans in affected areas have spent the first night since the earthquake outdoors, afraid to stay inside.

Chilean TV showed pictures of a devastated stretch of coast south of Valparaiso, with upturned boats, wrecked homes, and people forced to sleep outside.

In Concepcion, close to the epicentre, officials said 25 people had been rescued from a collapsed building but dozens who were believed to have been trapped inside were still unaccounted for.

'Immense catastrophe'

There are long queues at many shops and petrol stations.

TV pictures also showed people removing goods from a supermarket in Concepcion, Chile's second city, despite efforts by police to clear the crowd with tear gas and water cannon.

AT THE SCENE
Gideon Long
Gideon Long, BBC News, Santiago

The streets of the capital, usually buzzing with activity on a summer weekend like this, are eerily quiet and dark. Nearly 24 hours after the quake struck, whole swathes of the city have no electricity and no running water.

Many people have packed up and left to stay with friends and relatives who are better off than they are.

The city's new buildings seemed to have survived more or less intact. But it's the old buildings that suffered. I drove past my local church - still intact but missing its dome, which crashed to the ground when the earth began to shake.

Around the city of Concepcion, whole villages have been flattened. Highways have been sliced in two and bridges have collapsed.

But help is arriving. Chile has a long history of earthquakes and the authorities here know how to deal with them.

The epicentre of the quake was 115km (70 miles) north-east of Concepcion and 325km south-west of Santiago.

Chilean officials and ministers are still trying to come to terms with the scale of the disaster.

Interior Minister Edmundo Perez Yoma said it was difficult to give precise figures of a "catastrophe of immense proportions".

One US risk assessor, Eqecat, put the value of the damage at between $15bn and $30bn (£9.8bn-£19.6bn) or 10-20% of gross domestic product.

About 1.5 million homes have been damaged and police patrols have been stepped up to deter looters.

Most of the collapsed buildings were of older design - including many historic structures. About 90% of the historic centre of the town of Curico was destroyed. Many roads and bridges across the affected area were damaged or destroyed.

Officials said public transport services were slowly returning to normal. One metro line in Santiago is now operating. Roads are passable, although with diversions.

Efforts are under way to get aid to victims, with relief supplies being sent to the Juan Fernandez islands, where at least five people were killed as tsunamis hit.

The coastal town of Talcahuano, badly damaged by tsunami waves, is said to be the worst affected.

Evacuation orders

Responsibility for reconstruction will soon pass to President-elect Sebastian Pinera, who takes office in two weeks.

"It's going to be a very big task and we're going to need resources," he said.

CHILE QUAKE - DAY TWO
International airport reopens
Tens of thousands forced to live outdoors because of damaged homes
Police in Concepcion move to stop looters robbing shops
Survivors rescued from collapsed Concepcion building, but dozens more unaccounted for
Officials say Santiago metro will soon be working and other transport returning to normal
Pacific-wide tsunami alert lifted after fears most of the region is spared high waves

Chile has so far not requested aid despite offers of assistance from the US, China, the EU, the UN and others.

Foreign Minister Mariano Fernandez said Chile did not want aid offers to be "a distraction", adding: "Any aid that arrives without having been determined to be needed really helps very little."

Meanwhile fears of a devastating tsunami across the Pacific receded on Sunday.

Japan has maintained an alert, issuing evacuation orders for 320,000 people around the coast.

However, it downgraded its alert from major to normal - meaning waves of two metres were expected rather than three.

About 50 Pacific countries and territories had issued tsunami alerts.

French Polynesia and Tahiti were among those hit by high waves, but no casualties have been reported.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center on Sunday lifted its Pacific-wide alert.

Warning systems across the Pacific have improved since the 2004 Indonesia quake sparked a tsunami that killed nearly 250,000 people.



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