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The BBC's Stephen Sackur
"The execution of Gary Graham may haunt this state"
 real 28k

Larry Fitzgerald
announces the Parole Board's decision
 real 28k

Civil rights lawyer, Alan Dershowitz
"It's more likely that he's innocent than that he's guilty"
 real 28k

Friday, 23 June, 2000, 12:35 GMT 13:35 UK
UN attacks US execution
75 protestors were outside the jail
Several protesters were arrested trying to break police lines
UN Human Rights chief Mary Robinson has been highly critical of the US execution of a man convicted of murder in his youth.

Gary Graham was put to death by lethal injection after last minute moves by his lawyers failed.

He had been on death row for 19 years and maintained his innocence throughout.

The case has sparked impassioned debate about the death penalty and emerged as a presidential election issue after Texas governor and White House candidate George W Bush refused to allow clemency.

Mr Bush, under fire for more than 130 executions that have taken place in Texas in the five years that he has been governor, said he backed Graham's execution and believed that justice was being done because he was guilty.


You can kill a revolutionary but not the revolution

Executed prisoner, Gary Graham
Mrs Robinson wrote to Mr Bush appealing for a stay of execution.

In a statement Mrs Robinson said: "I believe the execution of Mr Graham ran counter to widely accepted international principles and to the international community's expressed desire for the abolition of the death penalty."

Graham was sentenced for shooting dead a man in Houston when he was 17 years old, and therefore a juvenile.

Graham has been on death row for 19 years
Graham failed in at least 33 appeals

"The overwhelming international consensus that the death penalty shall not apply to juvenile offenders stems from the recognition that young persons lack maturity and judgment and thus cannot be expected to be fully responsible for their actions," she said.

Journalist eyewitnesses said Graham had to be subdued and carried into the execution room. They said it was obvious from the way he looked he had put up a struggle.

He was covered in a sheet and restrained as he was laid down to die.

In a long, rambling and angry statement he said he wanted everyone to know that his death was state sanctioned murder.

And he said that his killing was part of the genocide of blacks in America.

unit
Graham had to be restrained as he was injected

He added, unless something was done, there would be another 100 years of this kind of lynching.

His murder, he said, had to be avenged.

He went on to say that he had been treated brutally in prison but maintained that "you can kill a revolutionary but not the revolution".

Witnesses Bianca Jagger, Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton were said to be very emotional as the time for the execution came near.

Journalists said as the drugs went into his body he looked over at Reverend Jackson, then let out a slight groan and died.

Afterwards Jesse Jackson said he had wept openly at witnessing his first execution.

The family of Graham's victim Bobby Lambert also made a short statement saying that although they were sad for his family they felt that justice had been done.

Verdict doubts
Only one of six witnesses has identified Graham as the killer
Gun found on Graham could not have fired the fatal bullet
Four witnesses say Graham was elsewhere when the crime took place
The execution at Huntsville in Texas was put back for three hours while lawyers appealed to the US supreme court for clemency - that was denied.

Then his lawyers launched a civil suit against the pardons and parole board for refusing a reprieve. Outside the jail several protesters were arrested trying to break a police barricade.

Graham pleaded guilty to 10 aggravated robberies during a crime spree 19 years ago.

But he insists his week-long rampage of robbery, rape and theft did not include the fatal shooting of an Arizona man outside a Houston supermarket.

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Death row
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See also:

22 Jun 00 | Americas
In pictures: Passions run high
22 Jun 00 | Americas
Death row man talks to BBC
12 Jun 00 | Americas
Most US death sentences 'flawed'
22 May 00 | Americas
Serial killer gets death penalty
03 May 00 | Americas
Woman executed in Arkansas
23 Jun 00 | Americas
Witness for the execution
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