Ms Schaefer said the ash, which can cause skin irritation and breathing problems, was so far not too dangerous for people living in the vicinity but was dangerous for air traffic.
People living in the path of ash cloud have taken precautions
The ash can cause damage to jet engines. People with respiratory problems have been warned to stay indoors until the ash settles or to wear a face mask if they go outside.
Ms Schaefer said the Observatory was working with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the National Weather Service to track ash clouds and ensure flights were diverted or cancelled if necessary.
Dozens of aircraft at the Elmendorf Air Force Base in Anchorage were being sheltered as a precaution against the falling ash.
Mount Redoubt, which stands 3,100m (10,200ft) high, last erupted over a four-month period from 1989 to 1990.
Scientists monitoring the area warned in late January that an eruption was likely.
On Sunday, officials raised the alert level after researchers recorded increased seismic activity.
"If it is anything like the 1989 eruption, we could expect activity to continue for three to four months," Ms Schaefer said.
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