Page last updated at 23:01 GMT, Friday, 26 September 2008 00:01 UK

Pardon sought for black US boxer

Jack Johnson in 1914
Johnson's success prompted the search for a "Great White Hope"

The US Congress has recommended that a presidential pardon should be granted to the first black world heavyweight boxing champion.

Jack Johnson won the title in 1908 but was later convicted of transporting white women across US state lines for immoral purposes.

Johnson served nearly one year in prison for what is now seen as a racially motivated conviction.

Congress stated that Johnson's success motivated other black athletes.

His 1908 victory over Tommy Burns prompted the search for a "Great White Hope" who could defeat the black man, but Johnson held the title until 1915.

After his conviction in 1913, Johnson fled the US, returning in 1920 to serve his term.

He returned to boxing but was unable to regain his title.

'Victim of the times'

The congressional resolution urges President George W Bush to grant Johnson a pardon.

It states that the conviction was racially motivated, prompted by his sporting success and his relationships with white women.

"He was a victim of the times and we need to set the record straight - clear his name - and recognise him for his groundbreaking contribution to the sport of boxing," said member of the House of Representatives Peter King, the author of the resolution.

US authorities had at first tried, unsuccessfully, to prosecute Johnson over his relationship with a white woman whom he later married.

A second white woman then testified that Johnson had transported her across state lines in violation of the Mann Act.

A similar resolution, sponsored by presidential candidate John McCain, now goes before the Senate for consideration.

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites

Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit


Sign in

BBC navigation

Copyright © 2019 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific