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Last Updated: Thursday, 26 July 2007, 06:19 GMT 07:19 UK
Colombia landmines blamed on Farc
By Jeremy McDermott
BBC News, Colombia

File photograph of Farc rebels
Farc rebels have been fighting the government for decades
A US-based rights group has blamed left-wing rebels for making Colombia the country with the highest number of landmine victims in the world.

Human Rights Watch says more than 1,000 people were killed by anti-personnel mines in Colombia last year, up from less than 300 in 2001.

The Farc rebel group often places landmines in civilian areas.

The group said the number of civilian victims had increased from 66 in the year 2000, to more than 300 last year.

Child victims

Every day, Marxist guerrillas battered by the US-backed security forces are sowing more home-made mines, known as foot breakers.

The guerrillas have perfected the production of these mines using household items like PVC piping and syringes with the rubber taken out, which act as plungers.

It means the mines can be made for as little as $15 (7).

Human Rights Watch has detailed the damage inflicted by these weapons, not just on the security forces but on civilians, especially children who play in the woods and jungles near their home and trigger the explosives.

More than three victims a day were registered last year, making Colombia the country with the most landmine victims in the world.

Driven into their mountain jungle strongholds, the guerrillas now protect their encampment drug laboratories and movement corridors by scattering mines.

Few maps are made of where the mines are laid, and since the home-made varieties contain very little metal, they are extremely difficult to detect and so sensitive that even sniffer dogs can detonate them.

What human-rights observers fear is that they will claim victims in Colombia for generations to come.


SEE ALSO
Country profile: Colombia
20 Jun 07 |  Country profiles
Timeline: Colombia
06 Jun 07 |  Country profiles



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