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Last Updated: Tuesday, 26 June 2007, 13:09 GMT 14:09 UK
Galapagos put on UN danger list
Giant Galapagos tortoise (BBC reporter Andrew Marr is in the background - photo from 2002)
Many of the species on the islands are found nowhere else on Earth
The Galapagos Islands, the first place on the planet officially designated as a World Heritage site, has been declared "in danger" by the UN.

Experts said the 19 islands and surrounding ocean were under threat from "invasive species", increased tourism and growing immigration.

Isolated some 1,000km (620 miles) off of Ecuador's coast, the islands contain much unique plant and animal life.

They were protected by Unesco 1978, with the boundaries extended in 2001.

The UN Environment, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco), which administers the list of World Heritage sites, added the Galapagos Islands to a comparatively small list of sites facing clear dangers.

Ecological fear

In a statement, the organisation said increased international interest in the islands - which are Ecuador's most popular tourist attraction - was effectively contributing to their gradual decline.

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"The number of days spent by passengers of cruise ships has increased by 150% over the past 15 years," the organisation said in a statement.

"This increase has fuelled a growth in immigration and the ensuing inter-island traffic has led to the introduction of more invasive species."

Earlier this year Ecuador's President Rafael Correa said the Galapagos were at risk and in need of urgent action to protect their unique ecology.

He said he was considering a range of measures designed to protect the islands' environment.

The wide variety of unusual flora and fauna on the islands, much of it found nowhere else on the planet, inspired naturalist Charles Darwin and helped contribute to his theory of evolution.

Unesco also placed Niokolo-Koba National Park in Senegal on the endangered list because of the threat of poaching and a proposed dam on the Gambia river.

The committee is considering 45 applications to join the World Heritage list from 39 countries. It currently contains 830 sites.


SEE ALSO
Galapagos Islands 'facing crisis'
11 Apr 07 |  Americas
Galapagos 'face species threat'
24 Aug 06 |  Science/Nature
Darwin retraces Beagle voyage
16 Jun 05 |  Science/Nature
Darwin's finches at risk
08 Nov 02 |  Science/Nature
Country profile: Ecuador
15 Jan 07 |  Country profiles

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