Some 150 world leaders gathered in New York for the United Nations' 60th anniversary summit, meant to kick-start UN reform and create a united front on issues such as poverty and terrorism. The following are quotes from some of the leaders, as well as aid agencies' reactions:
UN SECRETARY GENERAL KOFI ANNAN
Whether our task is fighting poverty, stemming the spread of disease or saving innocent lives from mass murder, we have seen that we cannot succeed without the leadership of the strong and the engagement of all.
US PRESIDENT GEORGE W BUSH
The [UN] must be strong and efficient, free of corruption and accountable to the people it serves [and] ... must stand for integrity and live by the high standards it sets for others.
We are committed to the Millennium Development Goals... We have a moral obligation to help others, and a moral duty to make sure our actions are effective.
RUSSIAN PRESIDENT VLADIMIR PUTIN
The UN and its Security Council should
be a co-ordinating centre for international co-operation in the
fight against terrorism as an ideological heir to Nazism.
The UN and its Security Council should also co-ordinate activities
to settle old regional conflicts on which terrorists and
extremists of all colours 'parasitise' by using religious, ethnic
and social confrontation.
UK PRIME MINISTER TONY BLAIR
Terrorism will not be defeated until our determination is as complete as theirs. Until our defence of freedom is as absolute as their fanaticism, until our passion for democracy is as passionate as theirs for tyranny.
CHINESE PRESIDENT HU JINTAO
We should step up anti-terrorist co-operation in a resolute
fight against terrorism, working to address both the symptoms and
root causes of the problem with special emphasis on eliminating the
sources of the menace.
[The world] should work actively to establish and improve a
multilateral trading system that is open, fair and
IRAQI PRESIDENT JALAL TALABANI
As we are trying to reform and rebuild what dictatorship has destroyed in Iraq, we also
call for reforms in the United Nations that include all its institutions, in a way that
strengthens the UN's role in keeping international security and peace, and also achieves international cooperation in the economic, cultural and social fields.
Iraq's war on terror requires diverse international help not only for the sake of Iraq but
also for the sake of the whole world.
We should know that rebuilding Iraq is the undoubted defeat of terrorism that has become a danger to humanity and to civilization.
TURKISH PRIME MINISTER RECEP TAYYIP ERDOGAN
It is evident that standing on one's feet will become more and more difficult if we do not stand by those in need. It is indeed a mistake to continue to present different traditions and cultures as sources of conflict, despite the many experiences we have been through and the ruinous conflicts that have cost the live of millions of people...
The main reason for announcing our candidacy for a non-permanent seat at the Security Council for the term 2009-2010, is to make contributions to the realisations of global peace and welfare.
INDIAN PRIME MINISTER MANMOHAN SINGH
In 1947, India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, said "peace has been said to be indivisible; so is freedom, so is prosperity, and so also is disaster is this One World that can no longer be split into isolated fragments". More than half a century later, these words assume a compelling logic. In this One World there is only one United Nations. If we fail the United Nations, we will fail succeeding generations...
PAKISTANI PRESIDENT PERVEZ MUSHARRAF
Good policies can turn around the worst-performing economies [but] rapid development cannot be achieved by domestic financing alone.
ZIMBABWEAN PRESIDENT ROBERT MUGABE
For many developing countries, including Zimbabwe, all things have not been equal. Our national progress report launched recently shows that our efforts have been seriously affected by recurrent droughts and floods, HIV and Aids, and, of course, unilateral sanctions imposed on us by countries that do not wish us well...
ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER ARIEL SHARON
We know that, even today, there are those who sit here as representatives of a country whose leadership calls to wipe Israel off the face of the earth and no one speaks out.
The attempts of that country to arm itself with nuclear weapons must disturb the sleep of anyone who desires peace and stability in the Middle East and the entire world.
IRANIAN PRESIDENT MAHMOUD AHMADINEJAD
Justice must reign supreme in the organisation, and in accordance with its charter, all member states must have equal rights. Greater power or wealth should not accord expanded rights to any member.
The principles of democracy and ethics should prevail in all organs and functions of prevalence of the United Nations so that the organisation could become a manifestation of the prevalence of these two commonly shared values.
SWEDISH PRIME MINISTER GORAN PERSSON
We the heads of state and government owe this to coming generations. We cannot afford to fail. We need to find collective solutions based on the rule of law and for this we need a stronger [UN].
TANZANIAN PRESIDENT BENJAMIN MKAPA
When a jumbo jet crashes, we will rush in with assistance, but we forget that each day 30,000 children die unnecessarily from poverty-related preventable causes - equivalent to 100 jumbo jets crashing every day.
SWISS PRESIDENT SAMUEL SCHMID
Switzerland has worked hard to obtain more, but nonetheless the final result will be a glass that is half-full rather than half-empty.
The survival of small islands of prosperity surrounded by seas of destitution is not viable.
VENEZUELAN PRESIDENT HUGO CHAVEZ
They threaten to kill me... and then deny visas to my closest security team who have been with me for years... They deny my medical team their visas. I'm going to have to walk around the Big Apple by myself.
SOUTH AFRICAN PRESIDENT THABO MBEKI
We have not made the progress on the reform of the UN that we should have.
Because of that, we have the result that we have not achieved the required scale of resource transfer from those who have these resources, to empower the poor of the world to extricate themselves from their misery. Simply put, this means that the logic of the use of power is the reinforcement of the might of the powerful, and therefore the perpetuation of the disempowerment of the powerless.
GABONESE PRESIDENT OMAR BONGO
The United Nations... has to be made an effective tool to build a multilateral system that will benefit everybody.
REINDORP, OXFAM SPOKESPERSON
We wanted a bold agenda to tackle poverty, but instead we have a brochure showcasing past commitments.
TERLINGEN, AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
It's totally unacceptable that a small number of countries with deeply troubling human rights records, and led by China and Russia, are being allowed to block the creation of a new, stronger, more
effective and authoritative Human Rights Council.
ANTI-POVERTY CAMPAIGNER SIR BOB GELDOF
The whole point of this summit was supposed to be to review progress - or lack of it - on the Millennium Development Goals, and for it then to focus on [UN] reform - it's a bloody scandal. On trade, the document is very disappointing - it's clawed back what we did at Gleneagles.
I was chatting to [US President George Bush] over lunch, and I tell you what - is he engaged. He was speaking the activist rap, saying things that you could only say if you were speaking to the activist community.