An initiative in Colorado to ditch the Electoral College system was rejected by voters. The constitutional amendment would have enabled the state to divide its nine electoral votes proportionately based on the popular vote. The bid had been closely watched elsewhere in the country.
There has been growing debate over the structure of the system, which can lead to a candidate winning the number of popular votes across the country as a whole, but losing the presidency. The failure of the Colorado initiative is likely to move the debate to the backburner for the time being.
John Kerry's running mate John Edwards had to give up his North Carolina Senate seat to enter the race. Not only has he no political job to return to, the vacancy has in the meantime been filled by a Republican candidate. Losing his Senate seat may mean he falls out of the political limelight, and that could make a 2008 presidential nomination bid difficult.
On the other hand, he has won some fans during his failed vice-presidential run and some even believe the best may yet be to come. Political science Professor Michael Munger from Duke University told the Washington Post he thought Mr Edwards was a "thoroughbred" who had been kept in the "barn" during the campaign.
In July, delegates to the Democratic National Convention were asked whom they would choose in 2008 if Mr Kerry lost. Hillary Clinton took 26% of the vote, while Mr Edwards was runner-up with 17%.
Disappointment at his political defeat on 2 November was compounded by the news that his wife Elizabeth had been diagnosed with breast cancer.
The 70-year-old Ralph Nader, who some Democrats believe cost Al Gore the White House four years ago, performed poorly in this year's poll. All in all he won less just 400,000 votes nationwide.
He blamed the results on Democrats removing him from the ballot in some states and the fact that when a Republican is the incumbent, opponents tend to move to the Democratic fold. He has vowed to continue his campaign to excise corporations from the US political process, but at present he seems firmly in the political wilderness.
Mr Daschle is the first Senate party leader to be voted out of office since 1952. He was successfully branded an obstructionist who was out of touch with his home state of South Dakota by his opponent, who beat him by 4,500 votes with an anti-abortion, anti-gay marriage message.
Mr Daschle's failure to keep hold of his seat means that the Republicans have padded their majority in the Senate, where they now hold 55 seats against the Democrats' 44. The former Senate party leader has not detailed his future plans.
Although every election has some celebrity involvement, the stars really threw their weight behind John Kerry in this year's poll. Bruce Springsteen, Pearl Jam, REM and The Dixie Chicks took part in an 11-day Vote For Change tour in battleground states aimed at urging people to vote for Mr Kerry.
Figures such as Neil Diamond, Ben Stiller, Robert De Niro and Leonardo DiCaprio, meanwhile, were involved in fundraising events for the Democratic candidate; Barbra Streisand even rewrote the lyrics of her famous People song for the occasion to include the lines: "We must get rid of Rumsfeld/He's the spookiest person in the world". To no avail.
The Republicans also called on celebrities, including Arnold Schwarzenegger, Red Sox pitcher Curt Schilling and country duo Brooks and Dunn. But while they drew huge crowds, they may not have changed any minds.
The origin of at least some of the reports giving Mr Kerry a hefty early lead in key battleground states was data collected by pollsters Edison Media Research and Mitofsky International for the National Election Pool, a consortium of TV networks and other news outlets.
They had hired the companies to carry out exit polling after the networks' problematic calls on election night in 2000. The first wave of data showed Mr Kerry with a lead of three percentage points in Florida and four points in Ohio, leading to euphoria within the Democratic camp. Both were battleground states ultimately won by President Bush.
A server crash at the pollsters' headquarters was blamed in part for the fact that information was not updated for a period of time, but those in charge of the data also blamed web pundits for misinterpreting the preliminary data or taking it out of context.