Senator McCarthy browbeat witnesses he accused of subversion
Fifty years after Senator Joseph McCarthy began a communist witch hunt, the Senate has released transcripts of the secret hearings he held to try to intimidate witnesses before they appeared in public.
More than 500 witnesses were called before Senator McCarthy's permanent investigations subcommittee in the 1950s.
Many had only tenuous connections with communists - through family members, or book clubs where Karl Marx was read, or unions with left-wing leaders.
If somebody told me my mother was a Communist, I would get on the phone
Senator Joseph McCarthy, 1953
Nevertheless, an accusation by McCarthy could cost someone his job, his reputation, and (in one