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Wednesday, 11 September, 2002, 12:59 GMT 13:59 UK
Silence at Ground Zero
Coastguard patrol in New York harbour
Security is tight across the United States
People in the United States and around the world have held a minute's silence to mark the moment exactly one year ago when the first of two hijacked passenger jets was crashed into the World Trade Center in New York.

After the minute's silence at 0846 local time (1246GMT/1346BST) the ceremony at the site of the fallen twin towers, now known as Ground Zero, began.

The city's former Mayor, Rudolph Giuliani, led other politicians, relatives and emergency workers in reading the names of each of the 2,801 people who died there.


Firefighters raise US flag (AP)
New York:
0800 (1200GMT) Memorial service at Ground Zero
0846 (1246GMT/1346BST) One minute silence
1740 (2140GMT)President Bush lays wreath at Ground Zero

Washington:
0835 (1235GMT) Memorial ceremony at the White House
0930 (1330GMT) Memorial ceremony at the Pentagon
1000 (1400GMT)President Bush speaks

Pennsylvania:
1245 (1645GMT) President Bush lays a wreath at Shanksville crash site

New York:
2100 (0100GMT) President Bush addresses the nation from Ellis island


Goody Aamoth, who worked in the 104th floor of the south tower, was the first name to be read out.

There were also readings from Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address and from the US Declaration of Independence.

At 0903 local time (1303 GMT), there will be another minute's silence to mark the second strike on the south tower.

The city's firefighters and police, who lost hundreds of their members on 11 September last year, marched to the site from each of the city's five boroughs to the mournful accompaniment of bagpipers.

US President George W Bush will be at Ground Zero later in the day, after visiting the two other sites where hijacked planes crashed, at the Pentagon military complex in Washington and a field in rural Pennsylvania.

He will lay a wreath before going to Ellis Island from where, with the Statue of Liberty behind him, he will address the nation.

Special services are due to be held at the two other sites where hijacked planes crashed - the Pentagon military complex in Washington and a field in rural Pennsylvania - and across the country. A total of 224 people died in these incidents.

Security has been tightened within the US and at potential Western targets across the globe amid fears that the anniversary may be marked by further attacks.

Open in new window : In pictures
The world remembers

Fighter planes are patrolling the skies above key American cities - which are also being protected by missile batteries - while some Western embassies in potential hotspots have been closed.

Osama Bin Laden's al-Qaeda terror group, widely blamed for the 11 September attacks, has lost its base in Afghanistan following the collapse of the Taleban regime - but is still perceived as a major threat.

Throughout the world, events are being held to mark a day that led the US to declare war on terrorism and launch a military campaign that began in Afghanistan and may now move to Iraq.

At a public ceremony at the US embassy in London, New York police Lieutenant Frank Dwyer presented a tattered and faded British flag, found in the rubble of the World Trade Center, to UK Home Secretary David Blunkett.

Mr Dwyer later marked the start of a national one minute's silence by lighting a candle inside St Paul's Cathedral.

'Barbarous and cruel'

Pope John Paul II condemned the events of a year ago.

"No feelings of frustration, no philosophy, or religion can justify such an aberration," he told thousands of pilgrims at his weekly general audience in St Peter's.


My heart aches for those who lost their family and friends

Kamyar Marashi, San Francisco, USA

"We want to question the conscience of those who have planned and carried out such a barbarous and cruel plan."

United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan sounded a note of caution about simply defining people and events in terms of good and evil.

"We should also remember that there are situations around the world which tend to breed this sort of terrorist," he told the BBC.

"I think it was a neglect of the international community in the 1990s in Afghanistan that allowed al-Qaeda to have such a breeding ground in Afghanistan, and therefore we need to be careful as we move into the future not to have these situations exist.

"We should deal with issues of poverty and governance and assist countries in distress to get their homes in order."

 WATCH/LISTEN
 ON THIS STORY
The BBC's Jane Standley reports from New York
"A nation united in prayer and reflection"
George Pataki
Watch the Governor of New York read from the Gettysburg address

New York despatches

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11 Sep 02 | Americas
11 Sep 02 | Americas
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