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The BBC's Paul Reynolds
"This does not end the issue"
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The BBC's Nick Bryant in Washington
"A politically and ideologically divided court"
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The BBC's Paul Reynolds in Washington
"The reaction indicates that the Bush campaign sees this as a victory"
 real 28k

Wednesday, 13 December, 2000, 05:24 GMT
Bush camp scents victory
US Supreme Court
The decision came out late on the second day of deliberation
Republican candidate George W Bush has taken a significant step on the road to the White House after the US Supreme Court reversed a Florida supreme court decision to allow hand recounts of disputed presidential election ballots.

A majority of the judges saw constitutional problems with the recounts, which would have boosted the position of Democrat Al Gore, and they do not appear to have left any time for Florida to come up with a remedy.

At a glance "It is obvious that the recount cannot be conducted in compliance with the requirements of equal protection and due process without substantial additional work," the court said.

Analysts say the ruling was ostensibly a compromise, but it deals a severe blow to Mr Gore's chances of victory and all but transforms Mr Bush into president-elect.

George W Bush
There is more for Mr Bush in this ruling
Mr Bush was described as "very pleased and gratified" with the ruling, according to his top representative, James Baker.

Democratic National Committee Chairman Ed Rendell urged Mr Gore to admit defeat: "He should act now and concede."

Mr Gore was "reviewing" the ruling and wanted "to be able to read through it and understand before being out there speaking about it", one of his aides said.

Without further hand recounts it is hard to see how Mr Gore can catch up in Florida, where he trails Mr Bush by fewer than 200 votes out of more than six million votes cast.

Long deliberations

Tension had been rising in Washington as the judges neared the end of a second day of discussions.

The judgement was finally released at 2205 (0305 GMT).

The justices resumed work in Washington on Tuesday after long deliberations on Monday during which they heard 90 minutes of arguments from Mr Bush and Mr Gore's legal teams.

The nine judges had been considering whether the recount of some 40,000 disputed ballots in the pivotal state of Florida should resume or be abandoned .

Meanwhile the Republican-dominated federal legislature in Florida prepared for a constitutional clash - should the Federal Supreme Court rule in favour of Mr Gore - by taking further steps to appoint its own pro-Bush representatives to the Electoral College.

Endless wrangles

There have now been five weeks of legal dispute and bitter recrimination since 100 million Americans cast their votes in the presidential race.

Vice-President Gore needed the Supreme Court to allow a manual recount of votes in parts of Florida to go ahead to keep his White House hopes alive.

Gore supporter
Gore supporters have been holding prayer vigils
His lawyers argued that the original machine counts did not register significant numbers of votes for Mr Gore in staunchly Democrat areas, thus robbing him of the Electoral College votes he needed in Florida to clinch the White House.

Mr Bush's lawyers argued that hand recounts are "arbitrary, capricious, unequal and standardless" and should not be allowed.

On Saturday, the Supreme Court ruled by the narrowest margin, 5-4, on Saturday to stop the recount in Florida, overruling a decision by the Florida supreme court 24 hours earlier.

The Federal Supreme Court is widely respected in the US as the nation's ultimate impartial arbiter and many Americans were shocked that the Saturday ruling split so clearly along party lines.

The lower house of the Republican-controlled legislature on Tuesday approved a team of pro-Bush voters to the Electoral College.

Tuesday's Supreme Court ruling does not completely rule out the possibility of a constitutional nightmare of both Mr Bush and Mr Gore claiming Florida's 25 Electoral College votes.

The Florida senate is likely to ratify the lower house decision on Wednesday.

The Supreme Court hearing is the latest stage in a protracted legal battle that has bounced the candidates back and forth from court to court.

This is the first time in US history that a disputed presidential election has ended up before the nation's highest court.

At a glance

  • 12 Dec: Federal Supreme Court resumes deliberations on handcounts

  • 13 Dec: Florida senate likely to ratify list of pro-Bush members to the Electoral College.

  • 18 Dec: Electoral college meets in each state to elect president.

  • 6 Jan, 2001: Congress counts electoral college votes. If no winner, House of Representatives chooses president; Senate chooses vice-president.

  • 20 Jan: Inauguration Day. If no president chosen, House speaker is acting president.

    The story so far

  • 7 Nov: On election day US TV networks call Florida for Gore, then Bush, then say too close to call. Close result triggers automatic recount.

  • 14 Nov: After deadline for certification and hand recounts in some Florida counties Bush still has narrow lead.

  • 18 Nov: Official count, including overseas ballots, increases Bush's lead to 930 votes.

  • 26 Nov: After extension of hand recounts, Bush declared winner by 537 votes, but court battles continue.

  • 8 Dec: Florida Supreme Court orders immediate manual recount demanded by Mr Gore.

  • 8 Dec: Florida state legislature begins session to name its own nominees to electoral college.

  • 9 Dec: US Supreme Court orders recounts across Florida to stop pending a hearing on Monday 11 December.

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    12 Dec 00 | Americas
    America holds faith in Supreme Court
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