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Friday, 13 October, 2000, 15:22 GMT 16:22 UK
US closes African embassies
Scene after Nairobi bombing
American installations in Africa were seen as easy targets
The United States has ordered the temporary closure of seven diplomatic missions in Africa as a result of increasing tension in the Middle East.

The embassies in South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal and Djibouti closed this morning.

A spokesman at the US embassy in Nairobi told the BBC the closures would be reviewed on a day-to-day basis.

The US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania were both bombed on 7 August 1998 in attacks which the US blamed on Islamic militant Osama bin Laden.

More than 220 people, mostly Kenyans, were killed in the explosions, and more than 5,000 wounded.

Protests

On 6 October more than 10,000 members of a Nigerian Islamic movement staged a demonstration in the northern city of Kano burning US and Israeli flags and calling for the government to cut diplomatic links with Israel.

Osama bin Laden
America blames Osama bin Laden for recent attacks
In South Africa about 200 supporters of the ruling African National Congress demonstrated in Cape Town on Thursday with placards calling for "Free Palestine".

President Thabo Mbeki condemned what he termed Israel's "excessive and disproportionate" use of force against Palestinians.

In the Mauritanian capital Nouakchott more than 2,000 demonstrators on Thursday demanded the government break diplomatic ties with Israel.

Mauritania supported Iraq in the Gulf War in 1991 and only established relations with Israel in 1999.

US fears

A US warship in the Gulf of Aden was bombed in a suicide attack on Thursday which some US officials have blamed on Osama bin Laden.

In 1998 the US launched a cruise missile attack on a factory in the Sudanese capital Khartoum in retaliation for the embassy bombings.

Anti-American demonstration in Sudan
The Sudanese factory bombing sparked major protests
It claimed the factory was involved in the production of chemical weapons and was linked financially to Mr bin Laden.

The owner is suing the US Government for compensation saying the allegations were totally without foundation.

Anti-American sentiment ran high after the attack.

American involvement in the Gulf War also prompted high levels of anti-American feeling in a number of African countries, particularly Nigeria, Niger and Senegal.

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See also:

13 Oct 00 | Middle East
The West in danger
06 Aug 99 | Africa
Picking up the pieces
10 Aug 98 | Africa
The story in pictures
08 Aug 99 | Africa
Kenya's bitter lesson
07 Aug 00 | Africa
Picture gallery: Kenya remembers
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