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Libya revolt as it happened: Monday

  • The US says it has made significant progress against the forces of the Libyan leader, Col Muammar Gaddafi, on the second day of air strikes on Libya by international forces
  • The countries attacking Libya under a United Nations mandate say Col Gaddafi is not a direct target, even though one of his compounds was hit by their air strikes
  • Qatar says it will join the campaign against Libya - the first Arab country to do so - while the British parliament has overwhelmingly voted in support of the UK's involvement
  • Earlier, the Libyan government said it had ordered another ceasefire. The White House dismissed the announcement, saying the ceasefire had immediately been violated
  • Live page reporters: Becky Branford, David Gritten, Michael Dobie, Yaroslav Lukov, Stephanie Holmes, Alexandra Fouché and Anna Jones
  • All times in GMT

0000 That concludes our live coverage for Monday. Join us shortly for our reporting on Tuesday's events.

2358 The BBC's Peter Jackson has been looking at the cost of British involvement in Libya and whether it is sustainable in the long-term.

2340 Sir Menzies said the most desirable outcome of the foreign intervention would be if Col Gaddafi were to "step down or make his escape or some combination of the two". But he said it was not possible, at the moment, to point to success in terms of a particular date or event. "How you detemine what is successful is the extent to which the very specific terms of the UN resolution are met, and also by the behaviour of Col Gaddafi."

2336 Former Liberal Democract leader Sir Menzies Campbell tells the BBC that Col Gaddafi had shown "the determination to visit the most terrible brutality on his own citizens", so the intervention was wholly justified. "If we hadn't had that intervention, it's very interesting to think what the debate would have been like, on both sides of the Atlantic, because Gaddafi promised, in Benghazi, to go from house to house, room to room, and show no mercy."

2332 After the House of Commons voted overwhelmingly to back intervention in Libya, here are some of the key quotes from this evening's debate. They include Labour MP Dennis Skinner's comment that "it's easy to get into a war; it's much harder to end it".

2329 British RAF Typhoon fighter jets have taken part in their first mission to patrol the no-fly zone over Libya, taking off from military bases in Italy.

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2320 Halwasa Guy in Tripoli tweets: "557 MPs have voted in favour of British involvement in the coalition and 13 against. Thank you!"

2321 BBC political correspondent Rob Watson says UK PM David Cameron had sought to reassure parliament that the Libya intervention was not "another Iraq", and that Britain would not be sucked into a ground war against Colonel Gaddafi. "For now, parliament is happy to give Mr Cameron the benefit of the doubt, but will need regular reassurances," says our correspondent.

2317 Philosopher Bernard-Henri Levy told Newsnight that if there was a "secret agenda of the awful West" to get hold of Libya's oil, "there was a very good way to do it, which was to make a deal with Gaddafi, as they did [for] decades. They had their hands on the oil of Libya through a bad, nasty, ugly deal with Gaddafi."

2313 Mr Atwan said the West had not decided to intervene in Yemen - where peaceful people have "a legitimate right to have to democracy to topple a dictator" - or in Bahrain. "We never had Western intervention simply because these countries are not oil-producing countries," he said.

2310 Abdel al-Bari Atwan, editor of London Arab nationalist newspaper Al-Quds Al-Arabi, tells BBC's Newsnight there is a problem with the "hidden agenda" of the foreign intervention. "The West intervened in two Arab countries - Iraq and Libya. It is not a coincidence that these are oil-producing countries."

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2308 Reporting from Washington, the BBC's Mark Mardell tweets: "Gen Ham, commander, U.S. Africa Command, says he can see a situation where Gadaffi remains in power 'not ideal' but could happen. Gen Ham says terrorist atacks by AQ or Libya 'genuine concern'."

2303 French philosopher Bernard-Henri Levy, credited with helping to persuade President Nicolas Sarkozy to push for UN intervention in Libya, told BBC's Newsnight he saw "terrible things" when he visited Benghazi. "I was convinced that if we did not do something it would be a massacre in Benghazi... It was absolutely not possible for our countries not to listen to this appeal," he said.

2301 Al-Jazeera is reporting that international coalition airstrikes have hit radar installations at two regime air defence bases near Benghazi.

2255 "The regime carries on behaving as though it's invulnerable, as though it's right," says our correspondent. "It keeps on trying to persuade the world these air strikes go way beyond what the UN Security Council authorises, way beyond the protection of civilians - insisting that it's really about oil, a Western imperialist plot."

2254 The BBC's Allan Little in Tripoli reports new barrages of anti-aircraft fire over the city. "When this happens the city fills with quite a deafening din," he says. "It fills the city with a real edge of trepidation."

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2249 Iman in Tehran, Iran writes: "As an activist in Iran's opposition pro-democracy movement, I want to say that I fully support UK, France, and US in their coalition operations against the Gaddafi regime. I want the Libyan people to know that we are with them in their struggle for democracy."

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2245 Farage in Libya writes: "An eyewitness from the city of Sirte said that the air strikes on the city airport tonight didn't hit any civilians."

2243 Our correspondent says one potentially significant point was Mr Hague's promise to change the law to make it mandatory for the government to consult parliament before entering into conflict - a measure previously suggested by former PM Gordon Brown when he came to office.

2238 BBC political correspondent Ross Hawkins says tonight's vote showed strong cross-party support in Westminster for Britain's involvement in Libya. But many MPs also registered their concerns over the cost of the enterprise, what the endgame is and how Britain will get itself out of the conflict when that point is reached, says our correspondent.

2235 Pro-Gaddafi forces, meanwhile, say many people were killed on Monday in Sirte, the leader's birthplace. Government spokesman Moussa Ibrahim said a civilian airport was attacked. "It was bombarded, many people were killed and many people I personally know," he told Reuters.

2233 The man said there were at least 40 tanks in place in the foothills of the mountains near Zintan.

2231 More from Zintan, where witnesses have reported heavy shelling earlier on Monday. One man told Reuters: "Several houses have been destroyed and a mosque minaret was also brought down. New forces were sent today to besiege the city.

2229 This is the motion just voted for by the Commons: "That this House welcomes United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1973; deplores the ongoing use of violence by the Libyan regime; acknowledges the demonstrable need, regional support and clear legal basis for urgent action to protect the people of Libya; accordingly supports Her Majesty's Government, working with others, in the taking of all necessary measures to protect civilians and civilian-populated areas under threat of attack in Libya and to enforce the No Fly Zone, including the use of UK armed forces and military assets in accordance with UNSC Resolution 1973; and offers its wholehearted support to the men and women of Her Majesty's armed forces."

2226 The British parliament has voted overwhelmingly in favour of the military action in Libya - 557 MPs voted in favour and 13 against.

2225 The BBC's Jeremy Bowen says the details of how and when the US will hand over the military lead to coalition troops remain confusing. "This mission was put together in a hurry - they're having to sort out key details after the bombing has started," he says. But President Obama is clearly keen to stress the US is just one of many involved, says our correspondent. Washington does not want to be seen to be leading a third war in a Muslim country in ten years.

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2215 Nehemiah in Accra, Ghana writes: "The western countries want to invade Libya and take advantage of their resources. We shall fight for African solidarity.Long live Gaddafi, long live Libya."


2209 Turkey's Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu today criticised the coalition strikes on Libya, saying his country's concerns about Libya had increased in recent days. "There is a certain procedure under international law for the formation of such coalitions. We do not believe that this procedure was sufficiently observed," AFP quoted him as saying.

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2207Pascal in Geneva, Switzerland writes: "I believe that all those who criticise the present actions of the coalition should think a little more critically. What image would the west have given if they had allowed Gaddafi to squash down his people?"

2158 Mr Hague said the government would "look carefully at all the legal advice on the meaning of the arms embargo" which is included in the UN resolution.

2156 Two witnesses in the Libyan town of Zintan say it came under heavy government shelling this morning, and some of its residents have been forced to flee to nearby caves, Reuters report.

2153 Mr Hague dismissed critics who said this was not the UK's fight to be involved in. "If we had not got involved in this resolution and this action, then such a resolution and such action would probably not have happened at all."

2151 In response to criticisms from some MPs that the House was not given the option voting before the UK joined the conflict, Mr Hague said that had the UN resolution been passed any later, "it would have been too late, and once that resolution was passed, we had to move with all possible speed". He promised the House would be consulted on any future "fundamental change in the nature of the mission".

2148 Shadow Foreign Secretary Douglas Alexander has already said the opposition Labour party will back the military action.

2146 Mr Hague said there had been "nothing gleeful or gung-ho" about the the debate in the Commons or the decision of the government to enter the conflict.

2144 British Foreign Secretary William Hague has said Europe must be a "magnet" for positive change in the Middle East and North Africa. If such revolutions as in Libya succeed, he said, the gains for British security and prosperity will be enormous. "If they do not, the potential for breeding grounds of terrorism and extremism will prosper, and that is why it is so much in our national interest to address these issues".

2141 British politicians are holding a late night debate on the country's military involvement in Libya, with the government keen to convince the public the conflict will not drag on.

2112Salah, a spokesman for the February 17 Rebels, in Misrata, tells BBC News: "The situation is a catastrophe. We've had more than 40 dead, more than 200 injured here today because when Gaddafi stopped the military actions, the people went out on to the street to demonstrate peacefully and the military started shooting at them with heavy weapons. They even shot three ambulances - two of the drivers were killed."

2107The BBC's Ross Hawkins, in Westminster, says that there is definitely a split in opinion within British government. "Time and again we've had people saying they have grave reservations but stopping just short of saying they would vote against it," he says.


2103Stay with us for the latest updates - reports from our correspondents on the ground, expert analysis, and your reaction from around the world. You can contact us via email, text or twitter. We'll publish what we can.

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2057Adam, in New York, writes: "The Libyan building by the UN in New York, which had continued to fly Gaddafi's Green flag throughout this uprising, has now replaced it with the rebel tri-colour flag. I can see it from my window."

2051Channel Four's Political Editor Gary Gibbon argues that the US is doing a far better job than the UK of keeping all its officials "on message".

2047More on that naval base strike (2040). The base is some 10 kilometres (six miles) east of the capital, according to AFP.

2042The BBC's Andrew North, in Washington, says that there are the beginnings of some questions about US President Barack Obama's decision to support intervention in Libya. "The leader of the Republicans has come out and called on Obama to better define the mission. He's got a big job on his hands," he says.

2040Eyewitnesses quoted by Agence France Presse say that a naval base near Tripoli has been hit by coalition forces.

2034British members of parliament are expected to vote in a little over an hour's time on whether to support the government's decision to deploy British forces in Libya.


2029A Libyan rebel radio station saying it broadcasts from Misratah, in western Libya, says the "moment of victory is near," according to the BBC's media monitoring service. The radio station warned pro-Gaddafi forces who had lost contact with the commanders not to disguise themselves in civilian clothes. "Withdraw and hand yourselves over, because you are now isolated pockets," the broadcast said.

2024"We don't want to discount the difficulties of toppling Gaddafi," writes Max Boot, in an opinion-editorial published by the Council for Foreign Relations. "Like any other military operation, it will be filled with risks, costs, and hardships. In many ways, however, the harder issue will be cobbling together a post-Gaddafi government".


2018More from the Libyan government spokesman who is giving a press briefing to journalists in the capital, Tripoli. "Our aim is peace and stability and the unity of Libya. But at the end we will defend ourselves. We are arming our people. You will have a nation of six million armed persons and we will fight. There is no doubt," Mussa Ibrahim said.


2014Reuters reports that witnesses have head further explosions and more anti-aircraft gunfire in Tripoli.

2012Reva Bhalla, an international analyst with Stratfor tells the BBC: "There seems to be a pretty big gap between mission and strategy. If the coalition's mission is to oust Gaddafi - which is also the stated goal of the eastern rebels - it cannot be done purely with an air campaign so it raises the question - how far are the coalition willing to go?".


2007Meanwhile, from Tobruk, the BBC's Ben Brown says people on the streets want their fighters to push west, recapture lost territory and eventually gain control of Tripoli.



2004The BBC's Ian Pannell, near the eastern city and rebel stronghold of Benghazi, says that he came under attack from tanks belonging to Gaddafi's troops. "The ceasefire is not being honoured and there is still a battle under way," he says.

1959More from the Libyan government spokesman who is giving a press briefing to journalists in the capital, Tripoli. He says that coalition forces have also bombarded Sebha, a southern town with close ties to Gaddafi, AFP reports.


1955 The New York Times has just published more details about four of its journalists, released after being held in Libya for six days.




1951Stay with us for the latest updates - reports from our correspondents on the ground, expert analysis, and your reaction from around the world. You can contact us via email, text or twitter. We'll publish what we can.


1947A Libyan government spokesman says that many are killed after several ports and the airport at Sirte are targeted, Reuters report.



1943Libyan state TV is reporting that several sites in the capital have been attacked by what it calls the "crusader enemy", Reuters reports. It says the broadcast adds that: "These attacks are not going to scare the Libyan people".

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1939Elmahdi, in Benghazi, writes: "Whether Gaddafi should stay or go, the coalition should help us to find a solution to the Libya crisis not by bombing but by dialogue to stop fighting and to save lives".


1933Lila, from Algeria writes: "We really need to help the Libyan people. Even the Algerian people, young men, they've said they would be ready to go to Libya to help the people there who are dying, the children. Because Gadaffi really has to go. He'll hang on until the bitter end."
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1934 Jenan Moussa, Al Aan TV correspondent, tweets: "Just heard a huge exposion in #Benghazi. Do not know what exactly that is. Will try to know more."

1930 Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, speaking in Turin, says he would like Nato to take control of the international operation in Libya, according to Agence France Presse.


1924 British MPs are currently debating the UK's involvement in the coalition military action and will vote on it in a few hours time.

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1920 Ed Miliband, leader of the British opposition Labour party, tweets: "I support British intervention in Libya for 3 reasons: it is a just cause, with a feasible plan, and has international support."

1918 Another Algerian man, Amine, told Focus on Africa: "What do I think of Gadaffi? He's a tyrant. A madman. A criminal. We've known that for a long time. I think it's good that they are bombing now, but it should have been done a long time ago."

1915 Libya's state TV is reporting that the capital has come under attack from the international coalition, says AP.

1912 The BBC's Focus on Africa has been hearing the reactions from Algeria to the foreign intervention in Libya. Abdelahmed said Algerians were "concerned about our Libyan brothers" and hope the violence ends soon. "If the UN bombing is to stop the violence that's being carried out by Gaddafi against the Libyan people, then that is a good thing."

1909 Anti-aircraft gunfire is lighting up the sky over Tripoli.

1906 CNN correspondent Nic Robertson in Tripoli says sirens can be heard coming from the area of the city where the compound is located. Loud anti-aircraft can be heard, indicating a no-fly zone has "not yet been achieved militarily", he says.

1902 There are reports of explosions in Tripoli and anti-aircraft tracer fire apparently coming from Col Gaddafi's compound.

1856 "It is US policy that Gaddafi needs to go," said Mr Obama, adding that the US has "a wide range of tools in addition to our military efforts to support that policy".

1855 Mr Obama was at pains to say that the US intervention in Libya was not like previous US military missions, where the country acted unilaterally or with limited international support. He said the way the US "took leadership and managed this process ensures international legitimacy and ensures that our partners in the international coalition are bearing the burden of following through on the mission as well".

1852 "The core point that has to be upheld here, is that the entire international community, almost unanimously, says that when there is a potential humanitarian crisis about to take place, when a leader that has lost legitimacy and decides to turn his military on his own people, we simply can't stand by with empty words, we have to take some sort of action," said Mr Obama.

1850 Mr Obama said the US would soon step back from the operation. "After the initial thrust that has disabled Gaddafi's air defences, limiting his ability to threaten the populations, there will be a transition in which we have a range of coalition partners, who will then be participating in establishing a no-fly zone."

1843 President Obama is speaking again on Libya at his press conference in Santiago. He said it was "very easy to square our military actions and our stated policies" on Libya. "Our military action is in support of an international mandate from the Security Council that specifically focuses on the humanitarian threat posed by Col Gaddafi to his people", he said. "Not only was he carrying out murders of civilians but he threatened more.... In the face of that, the international community rallied and said, we have to stop any potential atrocities inside of Libya, and provided a broad mandate to accomplish that specific task."

1840 UN spokeman Martin Nesirky said the UN had received a letter from the Libyan government on 27 February "stating that Mr Dabbashi and Mr Shalgham are no longer authorised to represent or speak on behalf the Libyan authorities at the United Nations". The Gaddafi regime, which is still recognised at the UN as the legitimate government of Libya, has named a replacement ambassador but he has yet to present his credentials.

1837 The UN has said Libyan ambassador Mohammed Shalgham and his deputy, Ibrahim Dabbashi, no longer represent the country, AFP reports. The two men denounced Col Gaddafi in February and have spoken passionately against him at the UN.

1834 Mr Obama said the events in Libya "remind us that in our interconnected world, the security and prosperity of people and nations are intertwined more than ever before".

1833 US President Barack Obama is speaking in Santiago at a press conference with Chilean President Sebastian Pinera. Mr Obama said the two leaders had discussed the situation in Libya, and he repeated his view that "the legitmate aspirations of the people must be met and that violence against civilians is not the answer".

1829 An anonymous caller in Tripoli tells World Have Your Say that anti-aircraft fire can be heard in the background as she talks on the phone. "I am scared," she says.

1827 Mr Mugabe, whose own country is subject to UN sanctions, said the West was "bombarding Libya and doing it callously and they don't care who dies". He said the action was motivated by the quest for oil and that African and Arab countries were mistaken in backing it, AFP reports.

1821 Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe has accused the West of acting "in the same hypocritical way" over its military intervention, and of interpreting the UN resolution as an excuse "to bombard any places of their own choice in Libya, including civilian places".

1818 Canadian Defence Minister Peter MacKay has confirmed that Canadian military jets flew their first mission over Libya today, Reuters reports. Four CF-18 fighter jets and two refueling tanker were involved, he said, but they did not open fire.

1815 The BBC's political editor Nick Robinson says the British government is walking a legal and diplomatic tightrope over Libya - on the one hand they want to reassure Libyans, the Arab world and others that the coalition's military action is not about toppling a leader, but on the other, they want to leave open the option of targetting Col Gaddafi, in case simply protecting civilians does not work.

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1810 Mohammed in Tripoli, Libya writes: "The strike has been very serious. We want Gaddafi to step down. We want our freedom or else we will not stop fighting."

1807 Rebels in Misrata say that in addition to the 40 killed, 300 people were wounded today by regime gunfire, AFP reports.

1803 More from US Defence Secretary Robert Gates - he told Interfax it would be a mistake for the coalition to aim to kill Col Gaddafi, Reuters reports.

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1759 Abdi in Tripoli, Libya writes: "We live in fear. All our lives we live in fear. Everybody has a family that has been in prison. No freedom, no democracy, no elections."


1757 Some 40 people have been shot dead in Misrata by Gaddafi forces, according to the rebels, AFP reports.

1756 The US will reduce its participation in the Libyan operations soon, US Defence Secretary Robert Gates tells Interfax, according to Reuters.

1755 Mr de Durand adds it would be "very difficult" to patrol the skies over Libya and enforce the no-fly zone that way: "From a military point of view, you need to take out the defence system of Libya. If you don't do that, of course you take a lot of risks for your pilots and for your planes." Mr de Durand says he does not see a lack of command on the military level: "I think it's quite clear that the Americans, from a military point of view, are in command of the operation. There might be, however, uncertainty on the political and strategic level regarding what we should do next."

1752Etienne de Durand, director of security studies at the French Institute for International Relations, says confusion over the aim of the air strikes against Libya has emerged because the UN Security Council resolution against Col Gaddafi's government appears to be open to interpretation: "The language of UN resolutions is always deliberately kept vague as the result of compromise, so they are bound to produce diverting interpretations," he tells the BBC World Service.

1748 An anonymous caller from Misrata tells the BBC's World Have Your Say the local hospital is full with injured people. He says: "The city is surrounded by [Gaddafi] troops. The situation is very bad. There's no electricity; there's no water."

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1745Omar in Liverpool writes: "I am from Benghazi, Libya. There is no connection, I could not call my family and friends for the past four days."

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Sami, a Libyan in the USA, writes on the Arabic-language BBC News website forum: "Gaddafi says the West is after our oil, but we Libyans are not benefiting at all from our oil anyway. So even if the West has a vetted interest, what's wrong with us getting external help to get rid of a mad regime and get our oil back from him?"

1739Our correspondent also reports there is considerable anger towards Arab League Secretary General Amr Moussa, who criticised the coalition air strikes; one Libyan told him: "I want to thank the international coalition for these strikes; if it hadn't been for these strikes, Benghazi at this minute wouldn't be on the map. Also I want to talk to Mr Amr Moussa: Talk out of knowledge or be quiet, and probably it is better if you be quiet... The strikes were not killing civilians, there were aimed at military forces only."

1731 The BBC's Ian Pannell, who drove from Benghazi towards Ajdabiya, reports that despite the announcement of a ceasefire, government forces are still attacking rebels in the east and trying to hold on to the territory they have taken.

1716 French military aircraft have carried out 55 sorties over Libya in the past three days since the launch of the international coalition's operation to enforce a UN resolution, France's armed forces chief has said, according to AFP.

1713 The UK prime minister's official spokesman has said UK military targets will be chosen to achieve the two objectives stated in the UN resolution, ie the setting up of a no-fly zone and the protection of civilians. He said: "I don't want to get into a debate about specific targets, but targets will be chosen in order to meet the objectives of the resolution. But there is no stated objective within the resolution which calls for the removal of Col Gaddafi. All our targets will be legitimate and legal under the resolution."

1703 Asked what Libyan forces must do in order not to be attacked, Gen Ham has told a news conference there was no intent to destroy completely the Libyan military, but that those forces that pose a threat to civilians "could and would be attacked", reports the BBC's Adam Brookes in Washington.

1658 Norway's defence minister has said the country's six fighter jets offered to the international air campaign in Libya would not take action as long as it was unclear which country was commanding the multinational force, AFP reports.

1652 The BBC's Jon Sopel in Italy reports: "The first of the three Typhoons used by the RAF today [Monday] for missions over Libya has returned to base in Gioia del Colle. Two C130s have also arrived - presumably carrying weaponry and logistics support for the Tornadoes that are due here."

1650 France has not carried out any air strikes on Libya so far on Monday, according to the defence ministry, Reuters reports.

1646 Pro-Gaddafi forces have been bombarding the town of Zintan in western Libya for several hours, al-Jazeera reports.

1642 A French aircraft carrier will be in place to participate in the Libya operation from Tuesday, the spokesman has added.

1640 France has deployed around 20 planes over Libya on Monday, an army spokesman has said, Reuters reports.

1638 UK opposition leader Ed Miliband has said he backs the government's action in Libya: "Today I want to set out the case to this House why I believe we should support the motion before us today and support our armed forces. I do so because I believe the three key criteria for action exist. It is a just cause with a feasible mission and it has international support," he told Parliament.

1635 The US has asked Turkey to represent its diplomatic interests in Libya as part of a deal to free four New York Times journalists (1214 entry), Turkey's ambassador to the US has said. The US - which has suspended operations at its Tripoli embassy, but has not cut diplomatic ties - had asked Turkey to act as its "protective power" in Libya, which allowed Turkey to facilitate the journalists' release.

1630 Gen Ham says the US and coalition forces enforcing a no-fly zone over Libya are there to protect civilians and not to provide close-air support for opposition forces fighting Col Gaddafi. The general added he had no orders to directly attack the Libyan leader.

1625More from US commander Gen Carter Ham, the head of US Africa Command, on coalition operations in Libya: he says the coalition has flown 70-80 sorties on Monday, which is well over half of those non-US.

1620 More from UK PM David Cameron, who has been saying that the command of the Libya operation will eventually move to Nato: "Let me explain how the coalition will work - it's operating under US command with the intention that this will transfer to Nato," he told parliament. This would mean all Nato allies who wanted to contribute to the mission would be able to. "Clearly the mission would benefit from that and from using Nato's tried and tested machinery in command and control," he said.

1615A US commander has been speaking and says the coalition so far has been achieving its military objectives, Reuters reports. There are no US or coalition troops on the ground in Libya at all, he adds.


1610The Pentagon in the US has said 12 more cruise missiles have been fired at Libyan missile, command and air defence sites, AP reports.

1607South African President Jacob Zuma tells BBC Africa on the crisis in Libya: "As South Africa, we say no to killing civilians. No to the regime change doctrine and no to the foreign occupation of Libya or any other sovereign state."

1600 Libyan4life tweets: "The situation in #Misurata is critical as there is no water, fuel or electricity."
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1559 An anonymous caller from Tripoli tells the BBC's World Have Your Say that anti-aircraft fire is heard all over the city at night, and criticises the action. "You have to think about the consequences," she says. "They're bombing - there are casualties. You should leave Libya alone. We are good people. You are making us face too many things we should not have to face. It is targeting the wrong people."


1555 After earlier suggestions (quoted here) that the United Arab Emirates would send warplanes to patrol the Libyan no-fly zone, it has now said its involvement in Libya is limited to humanitarian assistance, AFP reports from Abu Dhabi.

1550 "I can announce to the House [of Commons] today that coalition forces have largely neutralised Libyan air defences and that as a result a no-fly zone has effectively been put in place over Libya," British Prime Minister David Cameron has just told the UK's parliament. "It is also clear that coalition forces have helped to avert what could have been a bloody massacre in Benghazi. In my view they did so just in the nick of time."

1547 A senior official in Libya's rebel National Council said it would not negotiate with Col Gaddafi to end the war, Reuters says. "We are in a war of attrition this dictator has forced upon us," Abed al-Hafeez Ghoga told a news conference in Benghazi. "Because of this we refuse to negotiate with him. We will see the end of him rather than negotiate. He is wanted internationally as a war criminal. He will be judged for his genocidal actions."

1545 AFP is now quoting a rebel spokesman in Misrata corroborating the resident quoted by Reuters (see 1505 entry) that pro-Gaddafi troops had fired on people in Misrata. At least 11 people were killed, the spokesman told AFP.

1540 Libyan American BentBenghazi tweets: "What is happening in #Libya is not a civil war, but Ppl against their dictator. #Gaddafi is massacring ppl. #Benghazi stands with #Tripoli."
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1535 Iyad El-Baghdadi tweets: "I just spoke to @ShababLibya. Their sources tell them "Gaddafi is definitely not in Tripoli." Corroborates my report two days ago. #Libya"
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1534 The coalition fired 10 to 12 missiles at targets in Libya last night - a dramatic drop on the previous night when 110 missiles were fired, a spokesman for the US Africa Command Vince Crawley said according to Reuters. "We spent the first 24 hours establishing conditions for a no-fly zone and are now transitioning over to a patrol posture," he said.

1530 Allied military action in Libya is aimed at protecting civilians, not targeting Col Gaddafi, a senior White House official said according to Reuters. "It's not about regime change," the official, Ben Rhodes, told reporters on an Air Force One flight from Brazil to Chile.

1526 Michael Lind's blog on The Salon argues that the Libyan war is unconstitutional and illegitimate.

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1516NS in Tripoli, Libya writes: "I think that the air strikes are targeting Gaddafi's forces and Gaddafi himself, which is not a crime but I think the allied forces should give Gaddafi a little time so that perhaps he can surrender."

1514 The Libyan armed forces have said that "the other sides are not committed to the ceasefire and the bombs and missiles are still targeting Libya", the Libyan news agency Jana has reported, according to a translation by BBC Monitoring. Jana quoted "sources at the Temporary General Defence Committee" as saying that "the terrorists of al-Qaeda are still carrying out their armed attacks".

1512 The Ady Torial blogs: "The four world's emerging economies in the UN Security Council, (China, Russia, India and Brazil) did not use their voices optimally to keep a peaceful world."
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1505 Pro-Gaddafi forces have fired on a crowd in the rebel-held city of Misrata, and at least nine people have died, a resident tells Reuters

1501
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Professor EU64 writes on the Russian-language BBC News website forum: "Russia's position is just stupid. Gaddafi is politically dead. There is no alternative to coalition actions."

1456 Nato is ready to support the international coalition intervening in Libya within "a few days," French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe has according to AFP.

1454 The Arab League's Secretary General Amr Moussa - who had criticised the coalition bombarding Libya - has made the following statement after a meeting with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and talks with British Prime Minister David Cameron: "We are commmitted to UN Security Council Resolution 1973, we have no objection to this decision, particularly as it does not call for an invasion of Libyan territory," reports AFP.

1441 "The warlord Sarkozy [the French president] wants to 'Arabise' the coalition against Colonel Gaddafi," writes journalist Arnaud Leparmentier in a blog hosted by France's Le Monde website (in French). "This is his first war... He wants to follow in the footsteps of [former President] Jacques Chirac, the defender of the Arab peoples, not those of George W Bush... However, the Arab League seemed to be backtracking Sunday, and the Arab public are worried about bombardments carried out by what is not an international coalition, but essentially a US-Franco-British one. On Sunday evening, he called Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed, emir of Abu Dhabi, to encourage him to participate in the coalition."

1425
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Alexei Dolgov from Samara writes on the Russian-language BBC News website forum: "Shame on you, Russia! They didn't use their veto, they sold the principal not to intervene in other countries' interior affairs for future profits from high oil prices."

1420 Two Spanish F-18 fighter jets have staged their first sorties over Libya as part of the UN-mandated coalition, the defence ministry said according to AFP. Four F-18 fighter jets, a refueling aircraft, an F-100 frigate, an S-74 submarine and a CN-235 maritime surveillance plane will also be deployed by Spain - as well as about 500 troops.

1414 Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has condemned the Western intervention in Libya, saying it is aimed at "getting their hands on its oil", and that Iran supports the Libyan rebels, reports AFP.

1413 More from Mohamed, a rebel in Misrata: "[Gaddafi's] troops are on the outskirts of the city, and they are working towards the centre of the city. We hear of door-to-door searches... We don't have water and most of the city is without electricity... The medical supplies are also running very low. The bombing campaign is a relief, we are very grateful and we are very relived by the international community's actions. But we think regime change should be on the agenda."

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1402 Nicholas Kristof of the New York Times tweets: "While celebrating release of NYT journalists in Libya, we're also thinking of Al Jazeera journos & others still detained."

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1355 kit_kFoRCe_D43 tweets:"attn: US Government - please stop all the wars and attacks plz stop spending our $ on wars #Peace 2day Libya."

1346The UN Security Council will probably hold a close door meeting on Libya Monday afternoon, a diplomat is quoted as saying by the AFP news agency.

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1343Khaled, who is originally from Zawiya, says: "I just want to assure anyone who questions how the west of the country feels about the air strikes, that people in the west are just as desperate to see Gaddafi go, they understand that it will come at a cost, and they are paying it. You don't see them protesting against Gaddafi because they are being surrounded by his brutal forces that shoot people in the streets, kidnap them from their houses, and set snipers on top of their buildings. Please believe me as a Libyan, whose family is still in the midst of all this, now that we have a resolution, don't let the Libyan people down because of propaganda that Gaddafi always used. The few hundreds who are shown as pro-Gaddafi are either forced to do this through taking hostages of their loved ones, or thugs who always helped Gaddafi oppress Libyans, and they are now sticking with him."
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1334 harikunzru tweets:"Turns out UK is mainly blowing up stuff they sold #libya in 1st place. Oh, and #Bahrain is a beacon of democracy."

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1329Mohamed, in Misrata, says:"This tyrant (Col Gaddafi) is fooling the world with his lies about cease fire. He is still destroying Misrata today and he has more than 200 snipers terrorising the city - using laser guided rifles. We call on the international community to go all the way and help us topple the dictator."
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1325More on whether it is legal to target Col Gaddafi from BBC diplomatic correspondent Jonathan Marcus: "There's been a lot of debate and a rather conflicting discussion over recent days from political leaders and some military figures. The Americans in particular seem very clear that Col Gaddafi is not at this time a target, and that seems to be the position now that everybody else is falling in behind."

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1320Farid, who has family in Tripoli, writes: "All my friends and family I have contacted in Libya feel more protected since the air strikes. They feel they are being cared for by the international community. Gaddafi was just taking revenge and punishing everyone, but people on the streets are happy the allied forces are weakening the regime. Tripoli is run by fear - there are a lot of arrests and killings by Gaddafi forces. There were demonstrations there last week. The air strike on Gaddafi headquarters is huge. It is a huge military fortress. It is good it has been hit." Have Your Say

1314 The BBC's Kevin Connolly reports "loud explosions" in the far distance along the coast from Tobruk.

1310 More from the rebel spokesman in Misrata: "They [the government forces] have distributed more than 200 snipers along the street, and they're shooting in the direction of the main street and in the direction of the back streets. Our forces are trying to resist and to fend them off, and to expel them from the city, but he [Gaddafi] is using overwhelming firepower."

1308 A spokesman for the rebels in Misrata tells the BBC World Service: "Gaddafi has bombarded the city - this is the fourth consecutive day. The main street and the centre of the city have been razed to the ground. He only controls the main street that leads all the way out of Misrata, so he is controlling that street from end to end, and he's preserving his supply line."

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1305Ahamadu, in Ghana, writes:"The mission is not clear; are they imposing a no fly zone or are they insisting Gaddafi should step down?"
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1303More on the question of whether it is legal to target Col Gaddafi: British government sources have said it is legal under the UN resolution to target the Libyan leader. Sources say under the UN resolution 1973, the coalition have the power to target him if he is a threat to the civilian population of Libya. The source said the chief of the defence staff, Gen Sir David Richards, was wrong to say that it was not allowed under the UN resolution. However sources declined to say whether this meant Col Gadaffi was a target.

1257 The BBC's Kevin Connolly in Tobruk reports: "Some reports from the strategic town of Ajdabiya suggest a tentative advance by opposition forces emboldened by allied air operations has been repulsed by government troops. Even with Western support, the rebels remain a lightly armed and generally disorganised force."

1253
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LibyanYouthMovement tweets: "Reports the revolutionaries may be overcoming G forces in the city after a very, very serious attack on Misrata #Libya #Feb17 #gaddaficrimes."

1247 More from Thomas Whitington, author of the book Wild Weasel Fighter Attack: The Story of the Suppression of Enemy Air Defences, which talks about previous Western air attacks on Libya: Snipers "can in some cases get a bit closer down and persecute those sort of urban targets like snipers. But that's still very difficult and will then lead to questions of, should perhaps ground troops be engaged or units of special forces who could operate with the rebels in order to take on targets such as snipers."

1244 Defence analyst Thomas Withington says reports of Libyan government forces using human shields and snipers show Col Gaddafi has learned lessons from recent allied operations: "Gaddafi's not been idle, he's certainly seen how operations in the Balkans, operations in Iraq have played out over the last few years. It's incredibly difficult to attack snipers from the air. However, we should remember that one dimension that hasn't been talked about here is the use of unmanned air vehicles, also known as drones," he tells the BBC World Service.

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1242Maxwell, from Switzerland, says: "This is a blatant display of imperialist arrogance of France, US and GB once more. They show lack of respect for human beings in other country, what make the difference from what they are doing now and Gaddafi fighting rebels? Why can't they do the same in Yemen, Saudi Arabia and other repressive regime in that region?"
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1239 The BBC's Robin Lustig considers what's so special about Libyan civilians.
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1234 More from Maj Gen Lorimer: "We are satisfied that our attacks and those of our partners have been highly effective in degrading the Libyan air defence and command and control capability."

1232 At a news briefing, the British military has said there was no evidence of a ceasefire from the Libyan military, and that the UK will continue with military action. Maj Gen John Lorimer added they were not aware of any civilian casualties.

1225 Libya 17th February 2011 reports: "Two busloads of Gaddafi forces and 11 tanks entered Misratah preparing for massacre tomorrow."
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1221
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Al-Jazeera correspondent in Libya Ali Hashem tweets: "On the outskirts of Ajdabiya, rebels control the eastern gate of the city. #Libya #feb17."

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1217James, in South Sudan, writes: "The situation in Libya is very miserable and terrible, and I think international action is needed to stop the killings by Gaddifi forces of innocent civilians in Libya."
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1214 Just in: Four New York Times journalists detained in Libya have been released and handed over to Turkey's embassy in Tripoli, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu is quoted as saying by AFP.

1213 More from the Libyan rebels: they say their aim is still to capture the Libyan capital, Tripoli, but that they want to achieve that without foreign offensive action, the rebel spokesman has told a news conference in Benghazi.

1211 The Libyan rebels have been speaking: a spokesman in Benghazi has said they welcome more air strikes by foreign forces, but do not want foreign ground troops to intervene in the war.

1208 The European Union has agreed new economic sanctions against the Gaddafi regime, targeting both individuals and economic entities, a diplomat is quoted as saying by AFP.

1206 That Putin quote in full: "The resolution is defective and flawed," he told workers at a Russian ballistic missile factory. "It allows everything. It resembles medieval calls for crusades."

1205More from Vladimir Putin who has condemned the UN resolution authorising military action against Libya as a flawed text resembling a "medieval call to crusade".

1204 Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin says the Gaddafi regime does not meet democratic critieria, but that does not justify military intervention, Reuters reports.

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1201Chris, in England, writes:"The UK have an unelected government who have preached the mantra of cuts, cuts and more cuts, now engaging in an expensive conflict which frankly is none of their business. Yes I know, oil - that is why the coalition are not involved in Zimbabwe or North Korea, where there are equivalent humanitarian concerns. Disgusting but not untypical display of hypocrisy."
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1155Italy now says that some 200 Libyans have arrived by boat in Sicily - in the first influx since revolt, according to the Associated Press.

1153Tripoli is now grippined by fear and suspicion, some local residents say. The BBC News website is now running a piece on the mood in the Libyan capital.

1137 LibyanYouthMovement tweets: "Reports the revolutionaries may be overcoming G forces in the city after a very, very serious attack on Misrata #Libya #Feb17 #gaddaficrimes."
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1133Britain's Chief of the Defence staff, Gen Sir David Richards, says Col Gaddafi is "absolutely not" a target for military action. Speaking after a meeting in Downing Street he told the BBC: "It's not allowed under the UN resolution."

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1129 cnnbrk tweets: "Oil prices rise after coalition forces launch attacks on targets in #Libya."

1125Rear Admiral Chris Parry, former director general in the UK defence ministry, expresses warnings about the air strikes against Libya. He tells the BBC World Service: "You have to enter these things with some clear idea of what it is you want. I'm not at all sure we have a clear vision of what that is to be. We really do have get to grips with what happens afterwards. If we don't, the military campaign will lose momentum, it will lack coherence and we'll lose broader political support within the Islamic world."

1120So far criticism of the Libya operation in the region has been surprisingly muted, the BBC's Jonathan Head reports from Cairo. He adds: "Even Arab countries like Syria, which are known to be unhappy about international intervention, have said little. Those, like Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, who offered to join the coalition, say they are still on board. Even more striking is the absence of anti-western demonstrations in Arab cities. Deep-rooted suspicion of the West has been eclipsed by public sympathy for the Libyan opposition, and abhorrence of Col Gaddafi. In any case, many Arab countries are too distracted by their own political upheavals to devote much attention to events in Libya."

1114The BBC's Mike Wooldridge says the controversy continues over whether Col Gaddafi himself could be a target. The Americans have said he's not on the target list, our correspondent says. However, UK Foreign Secretary Willian Hague is the latest politician in Britain to appear not to rule it out.

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1109Dave, from Scotland, says:"The UK government has authorised air and missile strikes against Libya. Is this the same government which is systematically dismantling our armed forces, whilst at the same time trying to act as the 'big man' in regional politics? The Army, Navy and particularly the Air Force are taking huge cuts as are the civil servants who support them, yet they are still being called upon to do impossible things with less and less resources. "
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1105 robcrilly tweets: "just got to within a couple of miles of ajdabiya with rebel column before forced back by ambush. Four dead #libya."

1100If you're just joining us, welcome to the BBC's live coverage of events in Libya. We're bringing you the latest updates from our correspondents, expert analysis and your reaction from around the world. You can contact us via email, text or twitter. We'll publish what we can.

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1058Salah, a Tripoli resident, tells the BBC that Col Gaddafi is a symbol of safety and security. He says he does not want to be ruled by the east of the country, and instead there should be negotiations. "Three days ago I could have told you about different opinions in Tripoli. But now we all stand for Libya. It's not about Gaddafi, it's a war between Libya and France, the US and UK. We haven't seen anything like this for many years. Things have been calm and secure 40 years - though I still remember the 1986 bombing of Libya by the United States when I was six-years-old. The bombing of Libya is a stupid decision - there is no guarantee that the western nations will not hit civilians. For example, the army camps are very close to the city centre.
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1051Nzioki, from Kenya, writes:"What is so special about the rebels being protected by the international community in Bengazi? Could this have something to do with high oil prices? Gaddafi, just like Saddam, will just be another statistics in the war over raw materials. In that case we expect more victims, especially those who have allowed the eastern powers to mine and invest."
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1041 libi4ever tweets: "if we let Qadfi bomb Zintan and Misrata today, tomorrow they will disappear from #libya map."

1039Wing Commander Andrew Brookes from the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London tells the BBC World Service the air strikes on Libya have "degraded" the country's defence system "very much". He says: "The trouble is that Libya is not a target-rich environment for that sort of weapon. So you probably end up very shortly with them running out of those concrete, bunker-type facilties. So the rebels are getting protected, Gaddafi's defence infrastructure is being hit. But if, as some suspect, he doesn't say 'it's a fair cop, I'm off' and digs in, what will be the response? That's what we're waiting to see."

1035India is calling for an end to the air strikes against Libya, the AFP reports

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1027Khumbulani, in South Africa, says: "It is good to protect the people of Libya - to me it sounds like the beginning of an end to dictatorship in the continent of Africa but what surprises me, is G8's failure to make a deal on the Zimbabwe crisis hence we're seeing many people from Zimbabwe in South Africa suffering."
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1024The BBC's Kevin Connolly in Benghazi says there are dangers as well as opportunities in the use of air power in Libya. Our correspondent says: "The rebels still want a united and free Libya without Col Gaddafi with Tripoli as its capital. If it comes to be the case that people in western Libya who have been under attack from the West (as they would see it) begin to associate the rebel movement with those air attacks, begin to blame the rebels for those attacks - then it might make any process of eventual reunification rather difficult."

1011 The situation in Libya will be discussed at a meeting of the EU's Foreign Affairs Council in Brussels later on Monday. EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton has said "the critical thing at the moment was the decision that was taken under the Resolution 1973 to do everything we can to try to support the people on the ground, the people in Libya".

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1007Kapunda, in Namibia, says: "Military action against Gaddafi will create more problems in Libya and the already fragile Africa. Let the African Union play its role, not the Americans or Europeans."
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1001 Libya war: in pictures. published on The New Statesman Rolling blog.
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0956 DeonDugoQIKO tweets:"Libyan state media had been preparing people for the attacks all day by showing footage of the 2003 Iraq invasion."

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0954Mansaf, from Jordan, says:"This is the kind of action that the whole Arab world will look at favourably. By helping the people of Libya fight for their freedom and independence, the West are showing that they are in full support of the public demands of the Arab street. Such actions will eventually change Arab opinion of the West for the better, and will make it much more difficult for terrorist organisations to attract the under-educated masses."
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0952The rebel spokesman also says that pro-Gaddafi forces are now bringing civilians from nearby towns to Misrata to use them as a human shield.

0939Pro-Gaddafi forces killed seven people in the rebel-held western town of Misrata on Sunday, a rebel spokesman is quoted as saying by Reuters.

0934More on the reported incident in Tahrir Square. An AFP correspondent says about 50 pro-Gaddafi demonstrators surrounded the UN chief in the square, forcing him to retreat into the adjacent Arab League headquarters.

0931Pro-Gaddafi demonstrators mob Ban Ki-moon in Cairo's Tahrir Square, the AFP reports.

0925Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini says that the allied campaign in Libya "shouldn't be a war" on the country, the AFP news agency reports.

0919Arab League Secretary General Amr Moussa says Arab states and the UN are "united" on the issue of protecting civilians in Libya. Mr Moussa, who has been speaking at a joint news conference with Mr Ban in Cairo, adds that the "situation in Libya is very serious and it threatens civilians".

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0916 timputin tweets:"Youre either damned if you do take action, and damned if you dont take action. Better to take the action I say. #Libya"

0913British shadow Defence Secretary Jim Murphy accuses government ministers in London of "careless talk" about whether Col Gaddafi is a legitimate target. In a BBC interview, Mr Murphy says: "To enforce the UN resolution it would be about permanently denying Gaddafi the ability to strike at his own people. What's also clear, is (that) it doesn't include decapitating the regime by targeting Gaddafi."

0908UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon urges the Libyan government to fully comply with last week's UN Security Council resolution. He says that the international community needs to speak with one voice to "bring an end to fighting in Libya".

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0858 Shafiqovitch tweets: "#Qadafi, the one & only "liberator" in world history with goal of liberating a country from its own citizens. A new milestone!! #libya "

0855Libya's al-Jamahiriyah TV reports that foreign ambassadors have now inspected the Bab al-Aziziya building "which was bombed by the forces of the crusader colonialist aggression".

0851US Democratic Congressman Dennis Kucinich tells the BBC World Service that the air strikes against Libya are "quite likely to precipitate a much wider war". He adds: "What's behind this is an attempt at regime change, and without and endgame in sight, and it could possibly open a door to Islamic extremists in the eastern parts of Libya, particularly if people start pushing to divide Libya. So this is really the beginning of a new nightmare."

0841Britain's ministry of defence says RAF Tornados have aborted a bombing mission over Libya because there were civilians in the target area. It says the aircraft returned to RAF Marham in Norfolk on Monday morning.

0833The Guardian is running a piece entitled "Libya crisis may save Nicolas Sarkozy from electoral humiliation". Jonathan Freedland, the newspaper's correspondent in Paris, says the French president certainly needs something to prevent him coming third in next year's election.

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0828 al Jazeera tweets: "Jets from #UAE set to join #Qatars planes and US, UK aircraft enforcing #Libya no-fly zone."

0825Mr Hague also stresses that Libya "would not be another Iraq", adding that "we are not going to invade Libya".

0822And in a reference to the air strikes on Libya, Mr Hague says that Britain and its allies "take the greatest care to avoid civilian casualties, unlike Gaddafi".

0819UK Foreign Secretary William Hague tells the BBC's Today programme that "we will judge him (Col Gaddafi) by his action, not his words", in a reference to the ceasefire ordered by the Libyan government.

0808US Defence Secretary Robert Gates has now arrived in Russia for a two-day visit. The BBC's Steve Rosenberg in Moscow says Mr Gates' visit was organised long before the unrest in Libya, but it is the military operation in North Africa that threatens to overshadow his stay. Our correspondent adds that Moscow has already condemned what it sees as the indiscriminate use of force by the international coalition, air strikes on non-military targets which the Russians say have killed dozens of civilians.

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0804 LibyaFeb17_com tweets: "Gaddafi going all out against Misrata."

0758More on the air strike on Col Gaddafi's compound in Tripoli. The BBC's Allan Little in the Libyan capital reports: "The compound had filled up with enthusiastic admirers of Col Gaddafi only the previous day. Civilians said they were ready to die with him if necessary. It's not known whether any of them were still in the compound when the missile struck. A Libyan government spokesman said it was proof the allies were targeting non-military locations. The removal of Col Gaddafi is not a stated aim of the UN Security Council resolution and it's not known where the Libyan leader was at the time. But this strike is a reminder that he is not safe from the allied air strikes."

0752Gulf Arab states reject Iranian and other foreign interference in their internal affairs, Reuters reports quoting Gulf Co-operation Council Secretary General Abdulrahman al-Attiyah. He also confirms that Qatar and the United Arab Emirates are taking part in Libyan military operations for "safety and security".

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0744 ptofly tweets: "the big wigs of UN meet and decide on action. the big wigs of the AU (African Union) meet and decide on more talks. ridiculous."

0740Khaled Aneiba, a surgeon from Oxford's John Radcliffe Hospital, has just returned from Benghazi. In an interview with the BBC, he describes the mood in the eastern Libyan city: "People really happy to see Gaddafi going, you have no idea how united the Libyan people are. I can tell you, if we have a free election tomorrow, you'll be surprised - a 99.9% result to get rid of Gaddafi.

0732Dr John Gearson, from King's College London, tells the BBC it is not surprising that Col Gadaffi's compound was targeted during the air strikes: "Completely reasonable military logic is, if you want to stop a country's or a leader's capacity to threaten his civilians, you have to take away his ability to communicate and to direct his forces. So it's entirely logical, and a reasonable target - but it's a very difficult sell in the international community. So I'm sure there'll be an effort not only to explain it, but to emphasise that this is not the main mission today."

0728Karema in Libya writes: "Now I understand how the arrogance of the West and their bullying attitude gave rise to Islamic extremism and profound hatred for its people. Africans are keenly watching the events in Libya and I will not be surprised to see our youths enlisting to support one of them. This is a war the West will not sustain. Watch this space!"
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0725 the_stelios tweets: "Is America, UK & France saving the people or energy in #Libya ?"

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0718 Dima_Khatib tweets: "I will be truly happy the day Libyans become free from both Gaddafi and foreign powers. Fingers crossed ! #libya #feb17"

0712More on the French government's comments about the air strikes against Libya. Government spokesman Francois Baroin tells Canal+ TV: "There is no information of killed civilians that the French command is aware of."

0708The BBC's defence correspondent Caroline Wyatt in this article considers the Libyan conflict so far and the challenges facing the UN coalition in the days ahead.

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0702 EpicEgo tweets: "a ceasefire has to be reciprocated. #Gaddafi will quite rightly defend his people against attack! #Libya"

0700The French government says it has no information that civilians have been killed in the air strikes on Libya, Reuters is quoting a government spokesman in Paris as saying.

0649 The New York Times is running an analysis piece entitled "Target in Libya Is Clear; Intent Is Not". The newspaper says that "all the deliberations over what military action to take against Col Gaddafi have failed to answer the most fundamental question: Is it merely to protect the Libyan population from the government, or is it intended to fulfil President Obama's objective declared two weeks ago that Col Gaddafi 'must leave'?"

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0643 zeitgeistbd tweets: "Gaddafi: come to your senses. Noriega, Milosevic, Saddam none survived the wrath of int. action. Neither will you. Spare your people. #Libya"

0638China's state-run newspapers step up Beijing's opposition to the air strikes against Libya, accusing the US and its allies of breaking international rules and courting new turmoil in the region, Reuters reports.

0618The UK's Ministry of Defence says Royal Air Force Tornados aborted a bombing mission over Libya because there were civilians in the target area. The aircraft returned to RAF Marham in Norfolk early on Monday after a 4,800km (3,000-mile) round trip to North Africa. The BBC's Andy Moore has been following developments: "The MoD would not comment on what the Tornados were due to attack. It said only that the decision was taken not to launch weapons because as the jets approached the target further information came to light that there were a number of civilians in the area. It did not say who they were or how they got there. The Americans have said Col Gaddafi is using human shields. The Libyans admit as much."

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0602 LibyaFeb17_com tweets: "The people of #Libya have literally been prying Gaddafi's fingers off one at a time. Letting go after 42 years was never going to be easy"

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0553Salem in London writes: "I am Libyan and I am very grateful of the stance taken by Britain, France and the other allies. Nevermind the remarks of political opportunists in Arab countries, pacifists or the anti-American campaigners. The correct parallel is Rwanda not Iraq. The Libyan people need help because Gaddafi has threatened rivers of blood and has mercilessly carried out his threats. Without the support of the international community, the Gaddafi criminal gang would have subjected the Libyan people to more unspeakable brutality. He already has wiped out generations of Libyans through torture, death and humiliation."

0548The BBC's Kevin Connolly in Tobruk says: "Before Western air strikes began, it was the fate of the revolution against Muammar Gaddafi which hung in the balance. But now it is his own fate, and that of his regime. The rebels in eastern Libya believe it was fear that prompted their enemy's declaration of a second ceasefire. They dismiss it on the grounds that his last such announcement heralded savage attacks on several towns. The power and precision of the modern weapons of the West have halted pro-Gaddafi forces in their tracks in the east. The remnants of at least one armoured column have been seen smashed and burning on a road outside Benghazi. American officials, though, say this operation is not about providing the rebels with close air support, and have said explicitly that Col Gaddafi himself is not on the target list. Unanswered questions remain about what happens if Col Gaddafi remains after the UN force has met its objectives, or about what will happen if his soldiers continue to terrorise such cities as Misrata using lighter weapons like machine-guns that cannot be hit from the air."

0535The chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm Mike Mullen, has conceded that the conflict could end in a stalemate, with Col Gaddafi staying in power. "Certainly, I recognise that's a possibility," he told CBS on Sunday. "It's hard to know exactly how this turns out." Adm Mullen stressed that the aim of the air campaign was limited and not "about seeing [Col Gaddafi] go."

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0529 An editorial in the Wall Street Journal says the use of force against Libya "looks like the first war by global committee". "The danger for the region, and US interests, will be if Gaddafi can exploit divisions on the global war committee and achieve a military stalemate. He could then remain in control of a rump part of Libya and still create mayhem," it warns. The allies should not agree to a premature ceasefire and instead aid the rebels - with intelligence and other arms in addition to air cover - so they can rout the Libyan leader's forces, it argues.

0520Vice-Admiral Bill Gortney, director of the US military's Joint Staff, has said there has been "no new air activity" by the Libyan air force, and no radar emissions from any of the air defence sites targeted by the coalition. There had also been a significant decrease in use of all Libyan air surveillance radars, he told reporters.

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0511 Benghazi's bunny tweets: "I am so worried about some of my family members who are returning to #Benghazi soon, I pray they arrive safely :(."

0505Our correspondent adds: "Then there is Libya's second offer of a ceasefire. This has already been met with scepticism at the Pentagon. Col Gaddafi may just be intent on preserving as much of his heavy ground forces - tanks and artillery - as possible. But suppose Libyan government forces were to halt their attacks against population centres - what then? What happens if the air campaign continues; Libyan government forces are seriously weakened and a stalemate ensues, with Col Gaddafi unable to advance eastwards - because of coalition air power - and the rebel forces due to their limited capabilities, unable to assault Tripoli? These questions point to the fundamental uncertainties surrounding the endgame in this crisis; questions which are already being asked even though the air operations have really only just begun."

0503BBC diplomatic correspondent Jonathan Marcus says: "In Washington, Paris and London the message from military briefings is much the same: The air campaign is going well; Libya's air defences have been significantly damaged; and air strikes on Libyan government forces on the ground have much reduced the threat to Benghazi. In short, everything is going according to plan. That of course is no great surprise. The forces ranged against Libya's antiquated air defences and army are the best in the world. The military outcome is not seriously in doubt. But already, not even 48 hours into this crisis, there are strong hints of the sort of political problems that could hamper this operation and weaken the coalition's resolve. The Arab League appears to have wobbled. There is clearly unease in some quarters at the scope of the air operations. No wonder then, that there is an intensifying effort to get small contingents from Arab air forces involved."

0456 The Independent's Kim Sengupta in the eastern Libyan town of Ajdabiya writes that by early Sunday evening, "a convoy of around 50 vehicles was heading towards the new front line with the rebel commanders confident that their demoralised opponents would not put up a fight". He adds: "The next stops for the revolutionary forces, maintained Captain Fayyad Bakri, would be Brega, Ras Lanuf and Bin Jawad, towns recently lost to the regime, and then Sirte, the birthplace of Gaddafi and a loyalist stronghold. 'After that we shall be going to Tripoli,' he declared. 'Although there may already be a revolt there by then. People will rise up against this evil man now they see he cannot get away with terrorising people. We accept we could not have done this without foreign help, especially from the French, and we are very grateful. But... there must be a Libyan end to this.'"

0450MPs will later be given a vote in the House of Commons on British involvement in the Libyan mission, following a debate promised by Prime Minister David Cameron. With all three major party leaders firmly behind the operation, only a handful of MPs are expected to voice opposition, though concerns are likely to be raised about the prospect of the UK eventually being asked to provide ground troops, the Press Association reports.

0449British forces have been in action for a second night in Libya. The Ministry of Defence said Tomahawk missiles were fired from a submarine in the Mediterranean against Libyan air defence systems. It also said RAF Tornados had approached an intended target but decided against launching their weapons when civilians were spotted nearby.

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0444Josh Cohen in the US writes: "Gaddafi does not have the right to kill civilians because they want to express opposition. Libya is NOT his country. He does not own the country or its people. His power is based on a monopoly of violence, not legitimate popular support. You can argue that the UN is breaching Libya's sovereignty but I can argue back that the UN's first mission is to preserve human life. When the state cannot distinguish military threats from political threats then someone must stand up for the opposition."

0440Our correspondent adds: "There is much grimmer news, though, from Misrata, the last city near to the capital, Tripoli, to be resisting Col Gaddafi's vengeful counter-revolutionary surge. Local people say tanks and rocket launchers are maintaining a merciless bombardment of the city centre and snipers are shooting civilians who venture into the shattered streets. A local doctor has appealed to the allies for help. The news from Misrata is a sharp reminder that the arsenals deployed by the allied air forces do not include a magic bullet to resolve this crisis. It is not clear if they can attack Col Gaddafi's armoured vehicles in a densely populated city centre without harming the very civilians they have come to save."

0437Leaders of the uprising in some of the main rebel-held cities in eastern Libya have also been expressing relief at the foreign military intervention. Several have said they believe it will produce a decisive change in the balance of power in the country. The BBC's Kevin Connolly in Tobruk says: "If Western aircraft had not taken to the skies over Libya, people here believe they would have been fighting for their lives with heavy machine-guns, not firing from the rooftops to celebrate their deliverance. Mustafa Gheriani, a rebel spokesman, fled Benghazi as Col Gaddafi's tanks approached it. Now he is returning confident that British, American and French air power have made it safe. 'The intervention of international community lessened the bloodshed and also quickened his demise and we looking forward to that, hopefully in hours or days rather than weeks,' he told me."

0430Dr Ahmed Sewelhi, a British Libyan who lives in Manchester, tells the BBC that the Libyans he spoke to before Saturday were desperate for the West to do something. "And when the bombs came they were very, very happy," he says. "Talking about civilian casualties - we know that thousands of people have already been killed. Gaddafi has never accepted that that has even happened. He's denied that anybody protested, let alone that anyone was killed in the protests. [People are] willing to accept these casualties because thousands of people have already died anyway."

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0422 CNN's Piers Morgan tweets: "Not sure how many times Allies can bomb Gaddafi's compound before admitting regime change may be an objective here..."

0419 The BBC's Duncan Kennedy is at Gioia del Colle airbase in southern Italy. He says at least 10 RAF jets have arrived there. They're using the base because it's closer to Libya, allowing aircraft to patrol deeper into Libya and to remain there for much longer without mid-air refuelling.

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0413 Jonathan Hill in England writes: "what right does anyone have to attack Libya? I disagree with them having a dictator in charge but all he is doing at the moment is protecting his power. If the US or UK were attacked by a rebel force they would attack back, that's all he is doing. Let this country have it's own little spat and stop butting in to everyone else's business."

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0411 StudentsView tweets: "Cross-referencing map of missile strikes in #Libya with imagery of Libya's SAMs. The Coalition went to the extreme and wiped out everything."

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0407 Cyrenaican tweets: "I don't think it was anything... I mean im sure it was something, but nothing like mustard gas, ppl are back to their normal walking around"

0405 China's Communist Party-run People's Daily newspaper has strongly criticised the air attacks on Libya, saying they violate international rules and risk provoking more turmoil in the Middle East, Reuters says. Beijing abstained with fellow veto-holder Russia from the UN Security Council vote that approved enforcing a no-fly zone over Libya.

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0350 Cyrenaican tweets: "I wouldn't tweet this if I didn't just see it. I am by the courthouse in#Benghazi, just heard noise, ran out and saw a man running away from a crowd having thrown a canister that released a yellow gas into the sky."

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0347 Wired website describes the psychological warfare being waged by the coalition in tandem with the air strikes. Wired describes how a Dutch man is monitoring the airwaves and picking up communications from the aircraft involved. The Libyan navy has been told to remain in port with this message: "If you attempt to leave port, you will be attacked and destroyed immediately."

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0341 4libya tweets: "The #Libya #TNC is the only representative 4 Libyan ppl & has already been recognized by #France TNC should be the 1 talking not ArabLeauge."

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0336Zubair writes: "I am so thankful for the role that France has played to save my family in Benghazi, and I am hoping for another rescue mission in Misurata where the rest of my family lives."

0332 AFP news agency says two of their journalists have gone missing in Libya while accompanied by a photographer from Getty Images. AFP named the three as Dave Clark, Roberto Schmidt and Joe Raedle. It said they were last heard of on Friday night when they informed the agency of their plans to travel out of Tobruk to meet opponents of Col Gaddafi and speak civilians who have fled the fighting.

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0323 Elagori from Libya writes: "You cannot imagine the relief to finally see that the world has recognized the mad man for what he is. We have been living with this fear for 42 years. I left Tripoli just as the unrest started, I could see that this mad man and his lot will not leave; they will kill everyone before they do. I tell the Arab League to come and help us if they could, they will not and have not in the past, Qaddafi killed more than 8000 people in less than a month, if he has his way he will add another 800,000 to the toll before he can enjoy his throne, king of kings as he calls himself."

0320 The UK's Ministry of Defence has just said RAF planes flew over Libya again tonight but didn't launch any strikes: "As the RAF GR4 Tornados approached the target, further information came to light that identified a number of civilians within the intended target area. As a result the decision was taken not to launch weapons. This decision underlines the UK's commitment to the protection of civilians," said Maj Gen John Lorimer.

0319 If you're just joining us, welcome to the BBC's live coverage of the Libya crisis. Stay with us for the latest updates - reports from our correspondents on the ground, expert analysis, and your reaction from around the world. You can contact us via email, text or twitter. We'll publish what we can.

0317However, the UK's Defence Secretary, Liam Fox, has said making Col Gaddafi a target could "potentially be a possibility". He told the BBC: "One of the problems we would have... is that you would have to take into account any civilian casualties that might result from that. At all times we are very careful to avoid that for its humanitarian reasons, but also for the propaganda reasons that it would provide for the regime itself."

0310The Pentagon has denied that the missile was intended for Col Gaddafi. "I can guarantee he's not on the targeting list. We're not targeting his residence," said Vice-Admiral Bill Gortney. A coalition military official later said the target was the Libyan leader's "command and control capability". "We continue to strike those targets which pose a direct threat to the Libyan people and to our ability to implement the no-fly zone," the official told the AFP news agency.

0307Late on Sunday night, Libyan officials took foreign journalists to Col Gaddafi's Bab al-Aziziya compound in Tripoli, where a four-storey building was damaged by a missile. A government spokesman said it was an administrative building, and condemned Western powers for attacking a site where they knew men, women and children had gathered to form a human shield. "It was a barbaric bombing," Moussa Ibrahim said. He denounced the contradictions in the coalition's statements, saying: "Western countries say they want to protect civilians while they bomb the residence knowing there are civilians inside."

0300Reports from the main rebel-held city in eastern Libya, Benghazi, say there were further clashes late on Sunday. A witness said the fighting between government loyalists and rebels involved mortars, grenades and small arms fire.

0258The BBC's Andrew North in Washington says: "It was a striking intervention by Mr Boehner, because until now he has generally backed the Obama administration's approach to the Arab uprisings. Other lawmakers, both Republican and Democrat, have said they should be allowed to vote on the Libyan operation. This is a reflection of the nervousness in Washington at the fact that the US is again using military force in the Middle East. The shadow of Iraq hangs everywhere. The longer this intervention drags on in Libya, the more political flak President Obama is likely to attract."

0253Meanwhile, some US politicians are raising concerns about President Barack Obama's decision to participate in the military action, led by the Republican Speaker of the House of Representatives, John Boehner. "The administration has a responsibility to define for the American people, the Congress and our troops, what the mission in Libya is," he said. Howard McKeon, the chairman of the House armed services committee added: "I am concerned that the use of military force in the absence of clear political objectives for our country risks entrenching the United States in a humanitarian mission whose scope and duration are not known."

0247Ambivalence in the Arab world about the use of Western military power is likely to become more emphatic the longer the raids continue, says the BBC's David Loyn. "That is why the propaganda battle is as important as the use of force," he adds. "Graphic pictures of burning tanks send one message about Western power that can only strengthen the Libyan opposition. But the longer Col Gadaffi can show funerals of the dead and injured victims in hospital, reservations about the raids in the Arab world will only become stronger."

0242The BBC's Jonathan Head in Cairo says: "The uncharacteristic boldness of the Arab League's statement last week supporting an international no-fly zone over Libya surprised its detractors. Now the organisation is having second thoughts. Mr Moussa said what Western military forces were doing in Libya was not what the Arab League had signed up for. Arab states wanted the protection of civilians, not the bombardment of civilians, he added. As Arab support is considered essential by Western governments for their operation against Col Gaddafi's forces, this looks like a worrying crack in the coalition. They are counting on at least symbolic participation by the air forces of some Arab states. Public opinion here, while very sympathetic to the Libyan opposition, is suspicious of Western involvement. Without the Arab League's endorsement the no-fly zone will lose its legitimacy in this region."

0239The Secretary General of the Arab League, Amr Moussa, has criticised western military attacks on Libyan forces, saying they go beyond what his organisation agreed last week, and that they endanger civilians. The endorsement of the 22-member Arab League was considered an essential pre-condition for the military intervention authorised by the United Nations on Friday.

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0235 Tripolitanian tweets: "#Libya did not want this, we did not want so much chaos -#Gaddafi forced this upon us"

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0232Josh Marshall writes in the Talking Points Memo : "A week ago a relatively limited intervention probably could have sealed the rebels' victory, preventing a reeling Qaddafi from fully mobilizing his heavy armaments. But where do we expect to get from this now? It's not clear to me how the best case scenario can be anything more than our maintaining a safe haven in Benghazi for the people who were about to be crushed because they'd participated in a failed rebellion."

0227Mr Burns adds: "The second gamble is: who are the rebels? Is there any common doctrine that the rebels espouse in terms of the type of government they would like to set up? Should Gaddafi fall and the rebels take over, will that government be friendly towards Italy, France, Britain, the United States, or even the moderate Arab states? No-one really knows. So it is an extraordinary situation that a coalition has gone to war on behalf of a movement who they literally don't know."

0221Nicholas Burns, a former US undersecretary of state, tells the BBC: "I think the coalition has done extraordinarily well over the last 48 hours to really turn the tide of the conflict away from an imminent victory by Gaddafi in Benghazi. Now Gaddafi is on the defensive both politically and militarily. But one of the gambles that Britain, France and the United States, and indeed the Arab League, have taken is not having an agreement on what the mission is. Is the coalition trying to protect civilians in harms way, or in essence trying to overthrow Gaddafi? The coalition has intervened in a civil war on behalf of one of the protagonists. They have got to straighten out exactly what they are trying to accomplish."

0215A resident of Misrata, about 200km east of Tripoli, tells the BBC: "The situation now is very scary for people due to the attacks. There were many tanks and troops. They shot everywhere, including residential areas. Many people were killed because of the random shooting. The [pro-Gaddafi forces] control one street of the city, and people cannot move in that area. There are many snipers and the tanks are firing all over."

0209The BBC's Hugh Schofield in Paris says. "Once again, French jets flying from bases in France were in the skies over Benghazi on Sunday. The defence ministry spokesman here said that the allied action was already proving effective. The fact that French planes did not report any more strikes on targets on Sunday showed that the threat on Benghazi was easing, though he did concede it may be hard for pilots to hit tanks or armoured vehicles if they are close to heavily populated areas."

0205France is beefing up its contribution to the Libyan campaign with the aircraft carrier, Charles de Gaulle, due off the Libyan coast in the next 48 hours. It left the Mediterranean port of Toulon on Sunday and is currently taking on its consignment of Rafale and Super Etendard aircraft. It should take 24 hours to reach its destination but will need more time for the 20 aircraft it can carry to meet it and conduct landing exercises.

0158A Benghazi resident says on Audioboo : "After the French hit the tanks, and the road was kind of cleared, everyone went out. I think it was between Salouk and Geminis, or between Geminis and the city, but the tanks in the videos were just insanely big. Everyone after they saw those videos felt that God was with us and that this attack came at the moment that it was needed. They had these [rocket launchers] which shoot 40-plus missiles, 60 missiles, a distance of about 40km. They were at a position where they could have hit the middle of the city if they had wanted to."

0151Russia's government has also called on the UK, US and France to stop the "indiscriminate use of force" in Libya. The BBC's Steve Rosenberg in Moscow reports: "These are strong words from Russia. In a brief statement, the Russian foreign ministry said civilians had been killed and wounded in air raids on non-military targets, and that roads, bridges and a cardiology centre had been damaged. It was 'inadmissible', the statement said, for UN Resolution 1973 to be 'used to achieve aims that exceeded its provisions'. The Russian government has backed pressure on Col Gaddafi - that is why President Dmitry Medvedev announced an arms embargo on Libya, and issued a ban on the Gaddafi family entering the Russian Federation. But the Russians do not believe that international military intervention will achieve the key aim - to protect civilians."

0146The Libyan parliament, the General People's Committee, has called for an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council to discuss the air strikes on Libya. "With this French/British/US air and naval aggression with missiles - which targeted many civilian areas in the west of the country and caused civilian victims and damage to civilian installations, including roads, hospitals and airports - resolution 1973 on the imposition of a no-fly zone is no longer in effect and the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya has now the right to use military and civilian aviation in self-defence after France made the no-fly zone invalid," a statement said.

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0143Mohammed in Liverpool, UK, tells the BBC: "I am a Libyan from Benghazi living in England. I am so happy and thankful to the British, American and French. Yesterday they saved my mum and four sisters back in Benghazi. I had not heard from them and was worried. But they are safe now after the air strikes They were scared but have managed to get a message to our cousins in Egypt they are safe now. These people who helped save them are heroes. "

0135A Libyan air force base outside Misrata was one of the targets of the first night of air and missile strikes by the coalition. Misrata has been under siege by government troops for more than a week, and witnesses have said the bombardment is continuing. Switzerland-based Libyan activist Fathi al-Warfali told the Associated Press: "Misrata is the only city in western Libya not under Gaddafi's control; he is trying hard to change its position."

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0131 Libyans Revolt tweets: "Praying for our brothers and sisters in #Misratah - Security forces could be about to commit further war crimes #libya #feb17."

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0127Asad in Australia writes: "My only wish to Almighty is that the tyranny of Gaddafi comes to an end and Libya becomes a free country. I was born in Libya (Tajoura, about 25km from Tripoli) and stayed there for 16 years. This man cannot be trusted as he will go to the end to silent his opponents. May Almighty help people of Libya."

0119Senior Nato officials have agreed a military plan to enforce a UN arms embargo on Libya. NATO's governing council agreed the move at a meeting in Brussels. However, a plan to take over responsibility for enforcing the no-fly zone over Libya was blocked by Turkey, which has opposed Nato intervention in that country. All 28 Nato member countries must agree to such a move by the organisation.

0105A coalition military official has confirmed that Col Gaddafi's Bab al-Aziziya compound in Tripoli was targeted by air strike on Sunday night, CNN reports . The official said the compound was targeted because it contained capabilities to exercise command and control over Libyan forces and the coalition goal is to degrade his military capabilities. Neither Col Gaddafi nor his residence was the intended target, the official added.

0058George Galloway, a former British MP and the vice-president of the Stop the War Coalition, has told the BBC that the UK should not be intervening militarily in Libya. "We're already bloodied and stained from our previous interventions in the Arab Middle East and in the broader Muslim world, in Afghanistan, where our soldiers continue to die, and where huge numbers of civilians - I mean, tens of thousands of civilians - are being killed. We have no credibility in the role as humanitarians in the Muslim world."

0051He appealed for more foreign help: "The international community has to take its responsibility for Libyan citizens in Misrata. If they don't, they will die. Believe me, they will die. It has to take its responsibility in front of the civilians, it has to do something. 1973 said protect the civilians. Protect us please."


0049The doctor in Misrata said the international coalition was not responsible for any civilian deaths or injuries. "I know the areas where they bombed. All of the casualties came from areas which were being bombed by Gaddafi militants."

0046The doctor added: "Our medical team has been working non-stop since last Tuesday. They are so exhausted. Our resources are almost finished. We ask the international community to at least secure passage for medical supplies and food. We have no water. Yesterday, there were 16 civilian deaths. Today, there were seven civilian deaths. All the injuries you could imagine - head, chest, laparotomy, crushed limbs and amputations. I haven't got the resources to sustain them. In two or three days, I will have to leave all the injured patients dying and bleeding. I have no more resources."

0043Earlier, a doctor at a hospital in Misrata, Libya's third city, told BBC Radio 5 live that the city was being attacked by forces loyal to Col Gaddafi. "Since early morning [on Sunday], they have been bombarding everything - all the buildings, all the homes, nobody is secure in this city," he said. "Gaddafi's militants and more than 25 tanks have been entering and bombarding the city. There are snipers all over. If you leave your front door, you are a target. I am not secure in the hospital and I cannot go home. I have not seen my family for a week. There is no secure way to get home."

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0036 Libyan & Proud tweets: "I've just received a call from a friend confirming the following from Misrata: Two civilian buses loaded with armed personnel dressed as civilians have entered Misrata (ca. 60 people) accompanied by 11 tanks and are positioned at the main hospital in Misrata (close to the Time Square). The hospital has been out of service for 4 years. The tanks are positioned at the front garden of the hospital."

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0032 Noha Zayed tweets: "I hope the Libyans are the ones who send Gaddafi & Co to his maker and not some British or American Missile."

0026 CNN's Nic Robertson said two circular holes in the building at Bab al-Aziziya might be telltale signs of cruise missiles, although that could not be immediately confirmed. A Libyan government official told him that the building had been hit by at least one missile. No-one was injured in the strike, the official added. Col Gaddafi's whereabouts are not known.

0022The building inside the Bab al-Aziziya complex that was damaged on Sunday night was about 140m away from another building that was destroyed in a US air strike in 1986, CNN's Nic Robertson reports. Col Gaddafi's adopted daughter was among the 101 people killed in the raids on military facilities and residential areas in Tripoli and Benghazi. President Ronald Reagan justified the attacks by accusing Libya of direct responsibility for terrorism aimed at America.

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0014 ChangeInLibya tweets: "Mesmari, Gaddafi's ex-chief of protocol once said that G never sleeps in the same place twice. I'm sure he's not in Al-Aziziya. #libya"

0011An apparent missile strike has caused extensive damage to Col Gaddafi's compound in Tripoli. Journalists who were taken to the Bab al-Aziziya complex said a four-storey administrative building had been flattened. There has been no word of any casualties. The Pentagon has denied that Col Gaddafi is a target.

0007Qatar has decided to send four warplanes to join the international air campaign - the first Arab country to do so. But the Arab League, which supported military action, said Western attacks on Libyan forces had gone beyond the objective of implementing the no-fly zone for which the organisation had called.

0005The White House has dismissed the latest ceasefire announcement by the Libyan government. A spokesman said the ceasefire declaration had immediately been violated. The UK said Col Gaddafi would be judged by his actions, not his words.

0004The US Defence Secretary, Robert Gates, said the US would not have a pre-eminent role in the coalition and would soon hand over primary responsibility for the mission to others. He said it was up to the Libyans to decide the future of their country.

0003The United States says it has made significant progress in its strikes on Col Gaddafi's forces in Libya amid indications it is widening the scope of the attacks. The Pentagon said Western forces had hit long range missile sites, radar installations and military airfields as well as ground forces around the rebel held city of Benghazi. Several explosions have been heard in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.

0002Good evening and welcome to the BBC's live coverage of the Libya crisis. Stay with us for the latest updates - reports from our correspondents on the ground, expert analysis, and your reaction from around the world. You can contact us via email, text or twitter. We'll publish what we can.



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