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Page last updated at 08:09 GMT, Monday, 12 April 2010 09:09 UK

Sudan's landmark polls off to an uncertain start

A Sudanese man casts his vote at a polling station near the south central Sudanese town of Bor, 11 April
Election results are expected on 18 April

Voting in Sudan's first multi-party elections in 24 years has started for a second day amid reports of confusion and disarray in many regions.

While the process generally went well in the capital Khartoum, voters faced obstacles in several states from the Red Sea in the north to the far south.

The dominant party in the south is calling for a four-day extension.

The presidential, parliamentary and state polls are part of the deal that ended Sudan's north-south civil war.

SUDAN ELECTIONS
map
First multi-party polls in 24 years
Polls to elect president and 450-member national assembly, as well as governors and legislative bodies for 25 states
Complicated process, with some in the south having to cast 12 different votes
Several opposition parties have boycotted the polls, alleging fraud
Results to be announced 18 April
Southern Sudan due to hold independence referendum in January 2011

The BBC's James Copnall in Khartoum says that in a country as challenging as Sudan, with terrible infrastructure, insecurity, and not much of a democratic history, the delays are not surprising.

It is widely expected that the country's two most influential men, President Omar al-Bashir, and Salva Kiir, who leads largely autonomous Southern Sudan, will retain their positions.

Mr Bashir is seeking a democratic mandate since being indicted by the International Criminal Court for alleged war crimes in Darfur but a boycott of the poll by his two main challengers means his mandate is likely to be reduced.

Mr Kiir was forced to wait for his polling station to open in the southern capital Juba but he said afterwards that he had a "good feeling" about the country's political future.

"I have never voted in my life," he said. "This is my first time to vote and it is a good feeling that Sudan is going back to democracy."

Voting in parts of Khartoum was held up by delays in getting ballots to polling stations, ballot mix-ups and names missing from the electoral roll, Reuters news agency reports.

In the south, many polling stations opened late and many voters, including senior officials, could not find their names on voter rolls.

Soldiers sit outside polling station in Sudan

The BBC's Will Ross in the southern capital, Juba, says polling hadn't started in one centre seven hours after voting was due to start.

The elections are also complicated by the ongoing low-level civil war in Darfur, where some three million people are living in refugee camps.

The BBC's Mohamed Khalid, in the Darfur city of Fasher, says the turnout was surprisingly high there amid tight security, but there were no reports of any rebel attacks.

The north-south civil war ended in 2005, with a deal for the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) to share power with Mr Bashir's National Congress Party nationally, while running affairs in the south on its own.

For many in Southern Sudan, these elections are a prelude to a referendum next January on possible independence.

President Bashir has said he will accept the referendum result, even if it favours independence for the south.

However, the country's oil fields lie along the north-south border and some fear that an independence bid could lead to renewed conflict.

SUDAN'S STRUGGLING SOUTH
Graphs of development in Sudan
Southern Sudan All Sudan
Population: 7.5m to 9.7m Population: 42.2m
Area: 640,000 sq km Area: 2.5m sq km
Maternal mortality: 1,700 deaths per 100,000 births Maternal mortality: 1,107 deaths per 100,000 births
Access to clean water: 50% Access to clean water: 70%
Life expectancy: 42 years Life expectancy: 58.92 years
Sources: CIA, UN, UNFPA



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FROM OTHER NEWS SITES
Reuters UK Sudan vote errors hit southern turnout - officials - 1 hr ago
Al Jazeera Sudan vote extended amid chaos - 8 hrs ago
Channel 4 News Sudan’s first poll for 24 years confuses voters - 16 hrs ago
Economist Intelligence UnitSudan: Urn half-full - 20 hrs ago
The Scotsman Healing begins as Sudan goes to polls - 36 hrs ago
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