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Page last updated at 18:18 GMT, Friday, 27 June 2008 19:18 UK

Zimbabwe run-off: At a glance

Left: Ruling party supporters with posters of President Mugabe (AP). Middle: Police with MDC supporters (AP). Right: Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai  before withdrawing from the race (AFP)

Polls have closed in Zimbabwe in the controversial second-round vote to choose a president.

President Robert Mugabe was the only candidate, after opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai withdrew because of political violence.

Contributors across the country sent the BBC their observations of the day.


1730GMT, Mashonaland West Province: Polls have closed in the province which is home to President Robert Mugabe, says Zimbabwean journalist Poterai Bakwa.

For the last four hours, polling officers have been twiddling their thumbs, or as one of them said outside a voting centre in Karoi "gossiping and pondering about the future in the one-man race".

Police in Harare
Police being deployed in Harare on voting day

But rural folk in Zvimba turned out in large numbers to vote, the reporter says, and were accompanied by their village headmen and warned that those who did not vote would lose out on farm benefits in future.

"We have to vote for Mugabe although we are starving here," said an elderly voter in Chikaka village near Kutama where Mr Mugabe was born.

1708MT, Harare: Polls closed on time at 1700GMT in the capital says Zimbabwean journalist Brian Hungwe. With such a low turnout,many wards except to post their results at around midnight local time (2200GMT), he says.

1645GMT, Bulawayo: With polls due to close in 15 minutes, comes news that two opposition agents have been arrested, says Zimbabwean journalist Themba Nkosi. They were taking food to Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) candidates standing in a by-election for a parliamentary seat in Mpopoma. Two MDC people are standing from the different wings of the party against a ruling Zanu-PF candidate, he says. Police took the agents away and they are being held in cells.

1608GMT, Masvingo: All polling stations in Masvingo are deserted -not one voter can be seen, only polling officers, says Zimbabwean journalist Owen Chikari. There have been no reports of violence so far.

A Robert Mugabe poster with MDC scrawled on it
Posters of Robert Mugabe with MDC graffiti on them pictured in Harare

1546GMT, Bulawayo Mpopoma-Phelandaba constituency, where a parliamentary by-election is also being held, is the only area that has witnesses a large turnout, writes Zimbabwean journalist Themba Nkosi.

Here voters were asking polling officers to give them a ballot paper for the by-election only and refusing to accept the ballot for the presidential election, he says.

Those who had presidential election ballots say they spoiled the paper by putting marks by both candidates.

On the outskirts of Bulawayo, villagers were organised in groups of 10 to enter a polling station. They had to be led into a polling station by a war veteran or a village head, he reports.

Villagers who voted in Plumtree in Matabeleland South says they were transported to the polling stations in army or Zanu-PF trucks.

After casting your vote, each person was asked to raise the ballot to show the polling officer how he/she had voted.

In some polling stations, villagers say they found war veterans manning the polling stations and writing the names of those who were voting.

All the Zanu-PF election agents from the last election are now polling officers in this run-off
Tatenda in Kwekwe

1500GMT, Kwekwe: "I am manning an election command post and have smuggled my notebook in," emails Tatenda. "Rampant rigging is evident. Most MDC supporters are finding their names missing on both the voters' roll and the national database.

"All the Zanu-PF election agents from the last election are now polling officers in this run-off. People slept in Zanu-PF torture bases in townships and villages, where they were led by militia to the polls. They are forced to claim illiteracy so that in terms of a new law passed they can be assisted to cast by an accompanying activist rather than presiding election officers as before. This is a nationwide plot, so expect a bumper harvest vote harvest for Zanu-PF."

1451GMT, Chitungwiza: A male voter texts: "We just went to the polling station to stain our fingers to avoid retribution, but most people in Chitungwiza spoiled papers."

Do you want me to lose my farm?
Voter in Bromley

1435GMT, Marondera: In Goromonzi South, which is predominantly a farming area, queues were longer than in Marondera town, reports Zimbabwean journalist Rodwell Chibanda.

In some cases, the newly resettled farmers were being transported by lorries and tractors to polling stations.

In Bromley, the reporter witnessed a group of more than 50 people being dropped at a nearby polling station by a lorry which had Zanu-PF posters on it.

Scores of them said they had been threatened by war veterans in the area and Zanu-PF leadership that if they did not vote for the ruling party they would lose their piece of land.

"Do you want me to lose my farm? I came to vote to protect my land that's all," one of them said.

Morgan Tsvangirai on the day of polling

They confirmed transport was provided by war veterans or Zanu-PF leadership.

MDC provincial organising secretary, Kubvoruno Choga, says he had received information that voting had started earlier than stipulated in areas such as Mudzi and Mutoko.

He said village heads were ticking off names of residents who came to vote.

But police and electoral officials said they had not received such complaints.

We saw one long queue, which we mistook for a polling station, only to find the people were queuing for bread
Observer Marwick Khumalo
1400GMT, Harare: Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai told reporters in the capital that people had been intimidated to vote but said millions were refusing. "President Mugabe is intimidating African leaders, intimidating the world, it's part of his culture of denying his mistakes," AFP news agency quotes him as saying. "How can you recognise this kind of sham?" he said.

1400GMT, Harare: Mar e-mails: "I voted at Strathaven Shopping Centre, walking distance from Morgan Tsvangirai's house. I voted at 1045GMT when there were six people in the queue. The ballots in the transparent box indicated that maybe 400 to 500 people had voted before me."

1356GMT, Harare: Lawrence Mashakavo texts to say: "I just took a tour around the city and the polling stations are empty. This election is a waste of resources and a shame."

1342GMT, Bulawayo: Jason Dube e-mails: "Voting is a waste of time. I drove around town to see whether people were voting or not. I saw no movement in polling stations. Voter apathy is ruling here in Bulawayo."

A voter shows her marked finger
People have been anxious to get their finger marked, reporters say

1333GMT, Harare: Zimbabwe journalist Brian Hungwe says three journalists have been arrested, two from Al-Jazeera and one from Reuters news agency. There are also reports that another two have also been detained. Details are sketchy, he says.

1331GMT, Masvingo: Merker e-mails: "I have just met a dozen people saying they only went to vote for safety reasons. Most of them said they made sure that they spoilt their ballot papers. Watch out for the number of spoilt papers which might be bigger than the dictator's vote."

1319GMT, Mashonaland West: Residents who had failed to vote in the morning made last-minute decision to cast their vote supporting President Mugabe in Chinhoyi town after they were asked for indelible ink proof of casting their ballot, writes Zimbabwean journalist Poterai Bakwa.

"I was surprised to see that the polling booth was like a Zanu-PF campaign rally as all officials are ruling party youths, said a vendor in Gadzema suburb.

1304GMT, Harare: Marwick Khumalo, head of the Pan-African parliamentary observer mission told the BBC that turnout is very low and the mood is sombre. "We saw one long queue, which we mistook for a polling station, only to find the people were queuing for bread."

We have managed to get the red ink (on the black market) to prove we have voted
Harare resident

1300GMT, Harare: Ken emails from the capital: "I voted in today's presidential election because I feel that is the correct thing to do. Zimbabwe is a sovereign state and should not be dictated to by the imperialists. Puppets must be ignored because they only serve the interests of their imperialist masters."

1247GMT, Harare: Bdza e-mails: "We have managed to get the red ink (on the black market) to prove we have voted and we have distributed it to our representatives outside polling stations for anyone to dip their finger so they can protect themselves from the Zanu-PF militia if asked to show their fingers. Mugabe wants to play games so let's play."

1237GMT, Harare: Most polling stations in the capital have reported a very low turnout, although no station officials were keen to use their names, says Zimbabwean journalist Peter Tinona.

A line of voters in Harare
Turnout in Harare has been patchy

One official said it would be a miracle if President Mugabe got more than 35% of the registered voters.

The journalist visited Frank Johnson School polling station in Waterfalls and others at Lord Malvern School, George Stark Primary School and Ardbennie Primary School in Mbare and saw very few people casting their votes.

However, in stark contrast to this, at some polling stations near the market in Mbare, the oldest suburb in the city, hundreds of voters turned up.

Sources say that at hostels, low-rent city council accommodation usually occupied by vendors, Zanu-PF militia threatened residents. They were told if they did not vote they would lose their rooms and market places.

1230GMT, Rusape: Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa said that all indications so show that turnout was good and tranquil. He told the BBC's Focus on Africa programme that talk of militia forcing people to vote was "a blatant lie".

"That is the sort of falsehoods that MDC have been trying to peddle," he said. "They don't accept that people can act on their own volition."

1218GMT: Regional observer Tanki Mutai told the BBC there was evidence that people's serial numbers from their ballot papers were being noted in polling stations. "In one of the polling stations, we even managed to talk to the presiding officer who confirmed and even showed us the papers [where] people were writing their own ballot paper serial numbers," he said.

1203GMT, Masvingo: Long queues were visible in the rural parts of Masvingo Province with scores of villagers alleging that they were forced to the polling stations by the ruling Zanu-PF party militia and war veterans, Zimbabwe journalist Owen Chikari says.

We were told to force our people to come to the polling stations
A Masvingo chief

The villagers, most of them elderly people, said they were voting for President Mugabe since they had received threats from party supporters that a war is on the cards if they voted for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

At Chirichoga polling station in Masvingo West constituency about 50 people were in the queue at about 1000GMT, while other people were still coming.

"We were force marched to this polling station by Zanu-PF supporters and we have no option but to vote for President Mugabe," said 60-year-old Naison Mazenge.

"War veterans and youth militia went door to door this morning waking up people and advising them that they should vote for the ruling party. This is not an election but a circus."

Voters in Zimbabwe
Many of the people who have voted are reported to be elderly

Traditional chiefs together with their subjects were in groups waiting to cast their votes at Chirichoga.

"We were told to force our people to come to the polling stations," a chief said.

At Mudavanhu polling station about 20 elderly women were in the queue waiting to cast their ballots. They were, however, not at liberty to talk to the press, saying their leaders in the area had advised them not to do so.

In urban Masvingo, polling officers spent the whole day basking in the sunshine as very few people came to vote.

However, at Zanu-PF provincial offices it was a busy day as officials were collecting figures from all the polling stations.

The ruling party created its own provincial command centre which is being heavily guarded by members of the youth militia, the reporter says.

A Southern African Development Community (Sadc) observer, the only one in the town of Masvingo, said: "Technically we're supervising the elections, but the truth is that the whole thing is a non-event."

Despite an earlier threat by a senior army officers to send soldiers to force people to vote, no troops have been deployed in the countryside, the reporter says.

By 1030GMT, the police said they had not received any reports of violence across the province.

1146GMT, Mutare: There are few voters at polling stations as most residents in the city have preferred to stay indoors, says Zimbabwean journalist David Farira.

Residents now jokingly refer to the Zanu-PF regalia as "Protector Plus", a brand of condoms
Journalist David Farira

In the city's poor townships of Sakubva, Dangamvura, Chikanga and Hobhouse there have been very short queues and polling officers have little work to do.

There are no reports of violence as police and Southern African Development Community (Sadc) observers have maintained a strong presence, he says.

The city's central business district is deserted.

Most residents say they do not see the point in participating in a poll where only one candidate is standing. Some people remained defiant.

A "Do Not Vote" poster in Bulawayo
A poster calling for the boycott of the vote is attached to a pole in Bulawayo

"I will vote for [Morgan] Tsvangirai," a Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) supporter in his early twenties from the densely populated Chikanga suburb said.

The eastern city is a traditional opposition MDC stronghold, but has been awash with ruling-party campaign material recently. In fact, it is said that a poster bearing the president's image on one's house can protect the residents from attack by ruling Zanu-PF militants.

Residents now jokingly refer to the Zanu-PF regalia as "Protector Plus", a brand of condoms widely used in Zimbabwe because they are cheap.

There were fears known MDC supporters would be attacked at polling stations. Such incidents had not occurred as of midday local time, the journalist says.

There were reports, which could not be independently verified, that villagers were being shepherded to polling stations in the rural areas in Manicaland.

1128GMT, Matabeleland North Province: In the afternoon, there have been no queues at polling centres and only a few people could be seen casting their votes, Zimbabwean journalist Joel Gore says.

Our advice to our supporters in the rural areas is, if you are in danger, go and vote for Mugabe to save your lives
MDC MP Norman Mpofu

"Mr Morgan Tsvangirai's pullout of the elections has yielded results and the people of Zimbabwe have shown that they no longer respect President Robert Mugabe and his government," a resident in Victoria Falls, Lovemore Gumbo said.

Some people in rural Binga village did vote, saying they feared attacks after the elections. They said as long as the indemnity ink was visible on their fingers, they would be safe.

1039GMT, Bulawayo: Voting is continuing at a snail's pace in Zimbabwe's second city, says journalist Themba Nkosi.

The only areas which have seen large turnouts are the townships of Mpopoma and Phelandaba, where the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) fielded candidates in one of the three parliamentary by-elections.

These are being held in Bulawayo, Gwanda, a town 125km south, and the small town of Redcliff in the central Midlands Province.

In most polling stations, election officers have had nothing to do. At one voting centre there were six people, all of them relatives of war veterans.

Robert Mugabe casts his vote and says he feels 'optimistic'

On the outskirts of Bulawayo, villagers were accompanied to polling stations by their village heads or councillors from the ruling party, he reports.

Villagers have been told by Zanu-PF supporters that after the election, everybody will have to show them the ink on their hands which is used by voters.

"Our advice to our supporters in the rural areas is, if you are in danger, go and vote for Mugabe to save your lives," said MDC MP Norman Mpofu.

"I am just going to use this day as a holiday," said Dumisani Sibanda, who lives in Esigodini, 40km south of Bulawayo. "I am not going to vote in this circus where Mugabe is the comedian in a one-man show."

1030GMT, Kadoma: A texter south-west of Harare says: "Mugabe started rigging weeks ago with the postal votes when 64,000 police and army voted in front of two senior officers with no agents or observers present. Afterwards two police assistant inspectors were arrested on 21 June at 2200 (2000GMT)."

1030GMT, Harare: Pumu e-mails, "So far very poor attendance but in Mbare Musika [market], or should I say all vending places, people are being lent on by their chairman, moving in small groups, to cast their ballots. Then the chairman collects serial numbers from the individuals. I got a call from someone in Hatfield saying that he only saw 15 people there since the polling station opened, and generally the people had stayed away.

An electoral official removes posters at a polling station
A Zec worker removes posters of President Mugabe at a polling station

1010GMT, Kadoma: Peter emails: "The silence in this town is so loud. People are really using their heads. How can we have elections when we have one candidate? Mugabe wants to force us to endorse his presidency! We shall not be intimidated. Red finger or not, we shall prevail."

0939GMT, Harare: President Robert Mugabe casts his ballot at a Harare polling station, AFP news agency reports.

0921GMT, Gweru: An e-mailer says that in the Midlands area last Sunday many people were turned out of church to attend political rallies. "In some churches the pictures of Jesus were taken down and pictures of Mugabe were put up," the correspondent writes.

9:21GMT, Harare: A texter requesting anonymity from Warren Park suburb in the capital says: "We voted and they took our serial numbers and addresses."

0907GMT, Mashonaland West Province: Voter apathy took centre stage in Karoi, 200km north-west of the capital, reports Zimbabwean journalist Poterai Bakwa. By mid-morning one polling station had recorded only 10 voters.

These elections are worse than those we witnessed in Angola in 1992 after decades of war and are not credible
Sadc observer

Meanwhile voters are snubbing a polling station within Karoi's densely-populated suburb of Chikangwe as it is so close to the ruling party offices.

"It's unprofessional to have a polling station within 30m of any party office, with ruling party supporters camped there for almost a week," an observer with the Southern African Development Community (Sadc) mission said.

"These elections are worse than those we witnessed in Angola in 1992 after decades of war and are not credible.''

In the resettlement area of Tengwe farm, labourers were frog-marched to vote for President Robert Mugabe, the reporter says.

In Chinhoyi, the town's residents in Mupata suburb were forced to go cast their ballot papers by ruling party members, he says. "It will be Mugabe versus the spoiled ballot. I will definitely spoil the ballot paper than vote for Mugabe without any hope in sight except hardships," Chinoyi resident Dereck Humbasha said.

I just came here for them to see that I voted and that I have the ink.
Voter Tenson Murenje

0906GMT, Marondera: Voting started on time and with a huge turnout, Zimbabwean journalist Rodwell Chibanda reports. By 0630GMT, 85 people had cast their ballots at Chitanda vegetable market in Dombotombo, while there was an average 200 people waiting to vote at most centres in Marondera town.

"I just came here for them to see that I voted and that I have the ink. If it were not for that I would not have been here because it's not an election," Tenson Murenje said after voting for incumbent Robert Mugabe.

The situation was calm and peace prevailed at all polling stations, police said.

A queue in Mbare, Harare
The atmosphere has been lacklustre at some polling station, reporters say

But people in the queues seem uninterested in the exercise, the reporter says. When a marked Zanu-PF vehicle drove into Cherutombo High polling station, people did not acknowledge it or even raise their fists as they would have done in the first round to show their support for the ruling party.

There were only Zanu-PF agents and monitors from the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission at the stations, as the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) candidate is not taking part.

Observers from the Southern African Development Community (Sadc) had visited most of the polling stations by 0700GMT, he says.

MDC officials said two of their supporters' houses were stoned in Yellow City suburb by suspected Zanu-PF militia on Thursday night.

0823GMT, Harare: Zimbabwean journalist Brian Hungwe says mainly old men and women are in the short queues in the capital. He reports that the central business district of Harare is quiet with little traffic.

Voters on the importance of an election

In Harare's densely-populated townships, ruling party Zanu-PF youths on patrol are moving door-to-door, forcing people to vote. Harare townships are opposition strongholds.

Some security guards told the reporter that they were going to vote out of fear because the Zanu-PF militias and youths say they will be checking for the indelible ink on voters' fingers.

0815GMT, Bulawayo: Zimbabwean journalist Themba Nkosi reports that a visitor to Zimbabwe's second largest city would not even notice there is an election going on. Polling agents have spent the last two hours in some areas reading novels since there were very few people turning up to cast their vote, he says. Some polling officers could be seen playing cards as they waited.


Our candidate has withdrawn from the race so let Mugabe rule and rule until Jesus comes back

Moses Maseko in Cowdray Park

Residents are saying they cannot go and watch a match where only one team is playing.

"Why should I waste my precious time going to vote? Our candidate has withdrawn from the race so let Mugabe rule and rule until Jesus comes back," said Moses Maseko in Cowdray Park township. Another resident said: "This is a sham not an election. Where in the world have you seen an election with one candidate?"

At the main city terminus, taxi-drivers tried to urge passengers to go and vote after they were allocated free fuel by Zanu-PF officials. But people just ignored them, the journalist says. There are police and soldiers on the street, but it is a fairly relaxed atmosphere, he says.

In the rural areas of Matabeleland South where villagers have been forced to go and vote, opposition officials were telling them to spoil their ballot papers. Others advised to vote for Mr Mugabe to save the lives of their families.

0744GMT, Hwange: Zimbabwean journalist Joel Gore says the electorate in Matabeleland North province have so far taken heed of a call by the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) not to vote.

At polling centres police, polling officers and agents for the ruling Zanu-PF basked in the sun, he reports.

"We cannot vote for one candidate, Mr Robert Mugabe of Zanu PF, it's abnormal and this has never happened in any country," Mathew Sithole, a resident in Victoria Falls said.


We cannot vote for one candidate... it's abnormal

Mathew Sithole in Victoria Falls

MDC official Michael Phiri said that according to party reports so far, there were no people at polling centres around the province.

"I don't think people will go and vote as they know that Tsvangirai has withdrawn his candidature," Mr Phiri said.

0724 GMT, Masvingo: Zimbabwean journalist Owen Chikari reports that nearly all polling stations in the southern city were deserted at the start of polling. There was a heavy police presence at all the polling stations and some police were armed with AK-47 rifles. By 0530GMT at Batanai polling station only three people had cast their votes and polling officers said they were shocked at the level of apathy.

A finger marked after voting
People will not feel safe moving about with an unmarked finger
Kundai, Mutare

"I just came to vote because our leaders told us to do so," said Zanu-PF supporter Sarah Makiti, after casting her vote at Mucheke polling station.

Most people seem to be heeding to calls by the opposition not to participate. "I cannot go and vote when my party has pulled out of the race," Movement for Democratic Change voter Kainos Makuve said.

At all the polling stations visited by the journalist by 0600GMT, no elections observers were seen. Only ruling party polling agents were milling around, he said. Police said the situation was calm. "We have not witnessed any incident of political violence since the beginning of the day," Assistant Commissioner Mekia Tanyanyiwa said.

0722GMT, Chitungwiza: "People were being forced to go out and vote as early as 0200 (0000GMT)," Kruxial emails. "No-one actually slept in the house in my area. People were being told to go and vote. If not they were told they would be beaten up after the election."

0716GMT, Hwange: Petros emails to says "Yesterday, people in the whole of this mining community and the surrounding rural areas were force marched to the Zanu-PF rally. Massive threats were made to the effect that if one did not vote today, serious retributions would follow. For example, a large number of people are descendants of foreigners of Malawian origins. Xenophobia on a larger scale when compared to recent events in South Africa was promised on the 'aliens'. Apparently after casting votes there will be 'Operation Show Us Your Little Finger'. We were told anyone found without the ink on the finger will be dealt with ruthlessly."

0643GMT, Mutare: Kundai tells the BBC's Network Africa programme: ""I haven't been out and about but I have phoned a few friends and most of them say they are going to vote and exercise their democratic right. I do not want to waste my time.

"I'm only in Mutare because I had to seek safety there. I teach in a rural area and that's where most of the harassment is taking place. Some people will vote out of fear even in the urban areas. There is that ink they put on your finger when you vote and people will not feel safe moving about with an unmarked finger."

The voting slip
Morgan Tsvangirai's name appears on the ballot papers

0641GMT, Harare: A texter in the capital says: "I have just voted 30 minutes ago. Only seven ballot papers were in the box and only the old are going here. It's nearly two hours since they opened."

0630GMT, Manicaland Province: A texter from Rusape says: "I AM not going to vote in a one person race." He adds: "I will not vote for a dictator and for hunger while my brother was killed in cold blood."

0626GMT, Harare: A voter in at polling station in Harare tell the BBC, “I will be exercising my right. She added: "We as Zimbabweans need to decide the direction that we want the country to take - so we can only do that by voting. Another voter said transport and the cold could be the reason for the low turnout so far. “Maybe that's what makes the line as short as it is,” he said.

0604GMT, Matabeleland North Province: Zanu-PF supporter Richard Munsaka in Hwange says: "After a big campaign by the ruling party I think this time out more people than the 2.3 million who came out to vote last time are going to go and vote." He adds: "The problem with free and fair election is that it depends on the eyes of the beholder. I m not saying there is no violence in the east of the country, but not on a massive scale and that in itself cannot stop the whole country from going to vote just because a few individuals are kicking themselves."

I am going to cast my vote because my life is in danger for supporting Tsvangirai
Tariro Denya

0536GMT, Bulawayo: Zimbabwean journalist Themba Nkosi reports that in the crowded township of Cowdray Park there are very few people at polling stations. Only in an area where war veterans and their families live is there a queue. He says opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) officials have given instructions to their supporters in rural areas, where there have been reports of intimidation, to vote if they feel their lives are in danger. They have been told to either vote for Morgan Tsvangirai or spoil their ballot.

0534GMT, Harare: Zimbabwean journalist Brian Hungwe reports that in comparison to the first round vote, there are few voters out and about. At Queen Elizabeth polling station there were five people in the queue when at the same time in March there were hundreds. He said he waited at Mabelreign station for 20 minutes and no voter turned up.

0506GMT: Tariro Denya writes: "I am going to cast my vote because my life is in danger for supporting Tsvangirai. I live in the rural area where we're threatened to death."

0503GMT, Mutare: Kundai texts: "I will not vote at any cost." She says Morgan Tsvangirai pulled out because there was tangible evidence that the process was "compromised".

0447GMT, Harare: Zimbabwean journalist Brian Hungwe said that queues at polling stations across the city, an opposition stronghold, were low 13 minutes before they opened.

0414GMT, Masvingo Province: A texter from a village by the Harare to Masvingo highway writes: "Was attacked by [ruling party] Zanu-PF youth, more than 100 of them, on Wednesday night, 1130pm till 2am. Two boys were badly injured."


The BBC has not been allowed to send reporters into Zimbabwe. Some names have been changed to protect their identities.

Mashonaland WestHarareMashonaland EastMatabeleland NorthBulawayoManicalandMatabeleland SouthMasvingo




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