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Wednesday, April 8, 1998 Published at 12:40 GMT 13:40 UK

World: Africa

Rwanda unveils genocide memorial
image: [ The remains of some of those who died in 1994 are finally to be buried ]
The remains of some of those who died in 1994 are finally to be buried

A special national monument has been unveiled in Rwanda to commemorate the fourth anniversary of the country's 1994 genocide.

The ceremony was held on a hill in the west of the country and attended by President Pasteur Bizmungu.

It came at the end of a week of special events to mark the slaughter which began on April 6, 1994.

The violence was orchestrated by the extremist Hutu Government then in power. An estimated 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed in 100 days.

[ image: The memorial erected for President Clinton's visit]
The memorial erected for President Clinton's visit

Clashes continue in the north-west of the country. Killings are still almost weekly occurences, as troops of the Tutsi Government that seized power in July, 1994, try to track down Hutu extremist groups holed up in mountain camps.

The Hutu insurgency began escalating in the north-west in December 1996. It was triggered by the return of more than a million Hutu refugees from neighbouring Congo - among them members of the Interahamwe militia and former army who participated in the genocide.

Last week, US President Bill Clinton made a brief stop at the airport in the capital, Kigali, and acknowledged American regret at not having acted to stop the killings.

The Rwandan President, Pasteur Bizimungu, said that Europe must bear some responsibility for the genocide. Speaking on Rwandan radio, he said: "[W]e don't bear any grudge against Europe. But I want also to point out that it was the Europeans who were the prime responsible of the type of chaos that we have here, and the representative also of UNDP of United Nations, yes, that they are the ones who are responsible for this chaos."

Among the remembrance ceremonies this week will be formal burials of the remains of thousands of victims, whose bodies rotted where they were struck down in several churches.

BBC Monitoring (, based in Caversham in southern England, selects and translates information from radio, television, press, news agencies and the Internet from 150 countries in more than 70 languages.

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