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Last Updated: Monday, 26 March 2007, 09:57 GMT 10:57 UK
Runners set for ultimate marathon
By Richard Hamilton
BBC News, Rabat, Morocco

One of the most gruelling running competitions in the world began on Sunday in Morocco.

The Marathon des Sables 2006 (Pic by Pierre-Emmanuel Rastoin)
Competitors must run on sand while carrying their own supplies

The Marathon des Sables, or Marathon of the Sands, is a six-day, 240km kilometres (150 miles) endurance race, run across a section of the Sahara desert in southern Morocco.

Previous races have witnessed extraordinary examples of courage and survival.

Unlike the Marrakech marathon, which takes place in January when temperatures are relatively cool, the organisers of the Marathon des Sables seem to wait deliberately until the Sahara gets seriously hot, up to 50 degrees Celsius.

Runners have to trudge over sand dunes and carry their own food and supplies on their backs in a race which is the equivalent of five and a half normal marathons.

7,000 competitors since 1986
Youngest: 16 years old
Oldest: 78 years old
Women: 14% of competitors
Lahcen Ahansal (Morocco) has won 9 times
The exact route is not revealed to runners until the day before the start to prevent people getting any practice, although it is difficult to imagine who would want to do any more of the course than they need to.

About 700 people pay around $5,000 (2,565) each for the privilege of competing in the race.

Survival stories

The marathon was founded in 1986 by a Frenchman, Patrick Bauer, who had trekked for some 300km (186 miles) through the Algerian Sahara two years earlier and whose desire to share this experience evolved into today's race.

Remarkably only one person has actually died on the course, but the Marathon des Sables has already acquired a catalogue of almost legendary stories of survival.

In 1994, Mauro Prosperi, a police officer from Rome, got lost in a sandstorm and wandered several hundred kilometres off course.

He managed to live for the next nine days on a diet of boiled urine and dead bats. He lost over 13kg (30lbs) during his ordeal but returned to Morocco to race twice more.

Scots to embark on endurance test
28 Feb 07 |  Scotland
Scientist to tackle sand marathon
30 Dec 05 |  Nottinghamshire
Student plans Sahara marathon
14 Mar 03 |  England
Country profile: Morocco
05 Mar 07 |  Country profiles


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