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Saturday, 22 January, 2000, 00:56 GMT
Rwanda updates genocide list
Bishop Augustin Misago
Bishop Augustin Misago: On trial and on the list
The government of Rwanda has published a new list of more than 2,000 people it accuses of being responsible for the 1994 genocide.

Some of those named in the list are already in detention or dead, including ex-President Juvenal Habyarimana, who was killed in a plane crash a few days before the genocide began.

Correspondents say the addition of his name appears to be a device to allow the government to seize his assets.

Chief prosecutor Gerald Gahima said a civil court would be asked to rule on the issue.

The court will also decide on the disposal of property belonging to other former leaders whose names appear on the list and are known to have died, Mr Gahima said.

He said the authorities would automatically confiscate the property of suspects whose names appear on the so-called Category 1 list.

Bishop on trial

The 1996 genocide law divides responsibility for the killing into four categories, but only Category 1 carries a mandatory death sentence.

Among those named on the Category 1 list is Augustin Misago, the first Roman Catholic bishop to stand trial on genocide charges. He has pleaded not guilty and his trial is due to resume in February.

Mr Gahima said Rwanda would use the list to apply pressure to foreign countries to put resident suspects on trial, if they could not be extradited to Rwanda or to the international tribunal in Tanzania.

He said he believed that Belgium and Switzerland were about to start such trials.

The list has a total of 2,133 suspects on it, including 833 new names, and includes members of Rwanda's former political and military powerbrokers.

An estimated 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed by the army and Hutu militias as violence swept through Rwanda in 1994.

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See also:

11 Jan 00 | Africa
Rwandans to sue UN
18 Mar 99 | Africa
Eyewitness: Rwanda's survivors
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