A Zambian man has been jailed for nine months for insulting President Levy Mwanawasa in a bar last year.
Defaming the president is a criminal offence in Zambia
A magistrate found 23-year-old Edward Longe guilty of using vulgar language and personally insulting the president and the president's late mother.
Defaming the president in Zambia is a criminal offence, which can attract a maximum of three years in jail.
A newspaper editor was arrested in 2002 for calling Mr Mwanawasa a "cabbage". The charges were subsequently dropped.
Mr Longe, who made the remarks in the local Bemba language, says he was provoked by members of the ruling Movement for Multiparty Democracy's youth wing, who were also drinking in the bar in January 2003.
He pleaded for leniency saying he was his family's breadwinner and was caring for several orphans.
The BBC's Musonda Chibamba in the capital, Lusaka, said people have not been shocked by the verdict as they are well aware that such insults can earn you a term in jail.