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Last Updated: Sunday, 9 October 2005, 22:54 GMT 23:54 UK
Botswana denies removing bushmen
By Barnaby Phillips
BBC News, Johannesburg

A San woman
Most bushmen now live in camps outside the reserve
Botswana has strongly denied reports that some of the last bushmen living in the Kalahari desert have been forcibly removed from their ancestral land.

The British-based group, Survival International, has accused Botswana's government of ethnic cleansing.

The Botswanan government says bushmen have been leaving the Kalahari, but at their own request.

The bushmen, or San, were hunter gatherers who lived in the desert of southern Africa for thousands of years.

Their traditional way of life has all but disappeared in recent years, and the Botswanan government wants the few hundred still living in the vast central Kalahari game reserve to move to nearby towns.

Diamond reserves

Tension between the bushmen and the government has been growing.

Last month, the police fired rubber bullets at a crowd of bushmen protesters who were trying to enter the game reserve.

The police say they were attacked and acted with restraint.

Map of Botswana

Now Survival International says the Botswanan police have evicted dozens of bushmen from the reserve at gunpoint and set fire to their homes.

The Botswanan government told the BBC that, over the past three days, it has moved about 35 bushmen out of the reserve, but not at gunpoint.

It says the bushmen asked to be moved.

Survival International says the bushmen are being forced out so the government can exploit diamond reserves in the Kalahari.

The government denies this. It says that if the bushmen move to towns, it can provide them with water, schools and health.

It also says their continued presence in the Kalahari is a threat to wildlife.


SEE ALSO:
Bushmen fight for homeland
02 May 05 |  Africa
Botswana bushmen in legal fight
12 Jul 04 |  Africa
Kalahari bushmen fight eviction
05 Jul 04 |  Africa
Bushmen take Botswana to court
27 Mar 02 |  Africa
Botswana cuts Bushman services
23 Jan 02 |  Africa


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