A leak of the UK's Africa Commission report due out next week says that the developed world needs to take much more responsibility for Africa's problems.
The UK hopes debt relief will raise future living standards
The commission, which includes the rock star Bob Geldof, began its investigations last year.
Its report is expected to influence this year's meeting of the leaders of the G-8 group of most industrialised nations being held in the UK.
The leak emerged in the Africa Confidential, a specialist newsletter.
If the leak is genuine, then much of this report is a routine list of demands and maybe deserves the criticism already made of it by more radical aid agencies that it is just a talking shop.
But there is an emphasis on partnership, on the developed world taking responsibility for its failings, which is new.
Bob Geldof believes the Commission can deliver
While calling on Africa to put its own house in order, at the same time the report demands an end to corrupt payments for bribes from the developed world, the return of money banked by dictators in Europe and an end to the sale of arms to countries in conflict in Africa.
Some of the key details are also new.
As well as a demand for all primary education in Africa to be free, the report is also expected to call for new spending on university education - an essential need in a developed country.
Twenty years after Live Aid, perhaps the unique pairing of a rock star and a prime minister might make a difference, but only if this time words are backed up by deeds.
Steve Tibbett, from the charity Action Aid, says the plan is not the "landmark document" he was hoping for.
"This is not a radical document, it takes us on a bit from where we are," he told BBC News.
"It's a kind of action plan rather than a blueprint.
"I worry that they're being a bit unambitious with it - this is not something that could be remembered in 20 years time as a landmark document."