[an error occurred while processing this directive]
BBC News
watch One-Minute World News
Languages
Last Updated: Thursday, 7 October, 2004, 13:14 GMT 14:14 UK
Sudanese flesh out final deal
Sudan Vice President Ali Osman Mohamed Taha, left, and Sudan People's Liberation Army leader John Garang hold up the peace protocol they signed in Kenya
Seven protocols have already been signed
Final talks to end 21 years of civil war in southern Sudan have resumed in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, between the government and southern rebels.

Both sides have already agreed the main principles of a power-sharing deal.

These talks aim to sort out the finer details for a final settlement, including a permanent ceasefire.

However, the BBC's Adam Mynott in Nairobi reports there are fears that the crisis in Sudan's western Darfur region could derail the process.

Lengthy process

A final peace settlement will tie together the seven protocols already signed by the government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM).

PRINCIPLES OF AGREEMENT
Army
Unify the two sides into 39,000-strong force
Autonomy
The south will have autonomy for six years followed by referendum for secession
Oil wealth
To be shared 50:50
Jobs
To be split 70:30 in favour of the government in the central administration
To be split 55:45 in favour of the government in Abyei, Blue Nile State and the Nuba mountains
Sharia
Islamic law to remain in the north
Khartoum's status to be decided by an elected assembly
These deal with the share of power and wealth, the formation of a decentralised administration, and steps towards a referendum on succession for the south in six years time.

But detailed planning will now begin into how these agreements in principle will be implemented, including how to pull troops back from the front line to form a unified army.

A lasting ceasefire also needs to be part of a comprehensive deal, as previously truces were agreed for two- or three-month periods.

Correspondents say it is a lengthy process and could take a long time.

Both parties have said they are committed to pursuing a successful outcome, despite delays on restarting the talks.

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has denied claims by SPLM leader John Garang that the Khartoum government is dragging its feet.

President Bashir said despite the negative stance of the SPLM, his government was determined to see the peace process through to its end.

Some two million people have died since the war in the broke out in 1983, when rebels in the Christian and animist south demanded autonomy from the Muslim north.





PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

News Front Page | Africa | Americas | Asia-Pacific | Europe | Middle East | South Asia
UK | Business | Entertainment | Science/Nature | Technology | Health
Have Your Say | In Pictures | Week at a Glance | Country Profiles | In Depth | Programmes
Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific