Many people are dependent on assistance from NGOs
Hundreds of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) operate in various African countries.
Their aims range from providing relief services, conserving the environment, contributing to development projects or simply battling with governments over human rights issues.
While some governments welcome NGOs, others find them a nuisance or even a threat to their interests.
If there is an NGO near you, tell us what impact it has had.
Join the BBC's Africa Live debate on Wednesday, 25 February, as we put NGOs under scrutiny. Are they a force for good in Africa or are they failing in their promises?
And how democratic and accountable are NGOs?
Join the BBC's Africa Live debate Wednesday, 25 February at 1630 & 1830GMT.
Use the form to send us your comments, some of which will be published below.
If you would like to take part in the discussion, e-mail us with your telephone number, which will not be published.
It is hard to generalize about the performance and integrity of the numerous NGOs operating across Africa. What may be true of one NGO, may not necessarily be true of another. My advice is for us to refrain from a blanket indictment or adulation of "all" NGOs. Such an approach obscures the reality of NGO involvement in Africa's development. Also, whatever, we say, however, let us not suggest that our governments should take over from the NGOs. We are too incompetent for that. Aren't the NGOs in Africa because we couldn't do it ourselves?
NGOs are the rapid respond unit of humanitarian disasters all over the world. Members of these unique organizations put their lives on the line to operate in volatile areas during conflicts, and providing unconditional services to poverty stricken people. While the UN is rambling about the pros and cons of moving into trouble spots, the NGOs are always the first to deploy. Their successes out-mark their deficiencies. They are more accountable than government agencies. This is why they're the best conduits that International governments prefer, to bring relief to third world countries. Corrupt governments get jittery when NGOs are operating because accountability is the key to the new world order, which these governments lack.
Michael Bobby Bull, Liberian in Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Some NGOs are doing a wonderful job. In Bayelsa State of Nigeria, UNICEF virtually runs the Primary Health Care system. The Government cannot even provide Immunisation twice a year. So NGOs keep up the good work!
I used to believe that most NGOs in Nigeria are the real deal but since my youth service I have had to reiew my beliefs.I was sent to an area that has being identified as being in the HIV\AIDS belt in Nigeria and to my greatest shock there was not a single NGO on the ground.To make matters worse the people displayed an ignorance about HIV\AIDS that was prehistoric! Considering that everyday one sees statistics about the "HIV" pandenmic you really have to question the effectiveness and the motives of the various NGOs in the big cities making "noise".
Dr. Irene Akwara, Nigeria
As an expatriate oil worker I am used to my industry being the focus of considerable criticism - in particular with regard to its engagement in developing countries. However I was surprised to read so much similar criticism being levelled at the NGO's and felt it necessary to add some balance to this discussion. There is no doubt that here in Angola it is the NGO´s that are feeding and healing the population, it is the NGO's that are clearing the minefields and it is the NGO´s that are providing counsel and support to a population ravished by decades of war. In countries where governments are either unable or unwilling to assist, NGO's provide an essential lifeline to many millions of people and their contribution should be recognised dispite their short-comings.
I think NGO`s are doing well but the majority of them are in it to make money. There are instances where some will just go to the villages, take photographs, and present them to the donors, pretending they are going to put proper structures for developments in the villages. It's a pity that the people who claim they are helping the deprived are fattening themselves and their families whilst the helpless are suffering.
Fadda Dickson, Ghana
The fact that Kofi Annan the UN Secretary General said that NGOs were the "Conscience of humanity" (Global Policy Forum, 2002), upholds the view that they are extremely important for development! With regards to other comments: How are NGOs supposed to achieve optimum work without reliable, cost-effective vehicles designed for an environment such as rural Africa. Therefore leave off about the 4x4s.
Joe Meering-student in Disaster Management, Coventry Uni, UK
Let's not forget that for most African countries, remittances from Africans abroad are far more significant to the ordinary man than are the resources mobilised or provided by NGO's. Perhaps one problem is that some western NGO's have become too dependent on government funds and are thus less independent than they used to be. That said, we should celebrate the feelings of solidarity, empathy and compassion that leads some people to become involved with NGO's while encouraging them to take a hard look at some of the unpleasant realities of today's aid and development industry.
Chukwu-Emeka Chikezie, AFFORD, UK
Many submissions make reference to profligacy on such items as land-rovers and expat costs, and yet in contrast to much bilateral aid agencies most NGOs are much more careful with their money since they have rather less of it. With smaller NGOs you run the risk, just as you do with small charities in the UK, of selfish directors creaming off most of the funds for their own benefit, but my impression is that overheads rapidly increase with the size of the organisation. Moreover small NGOs are often tightly focused on specific issues and often more able to achieve clear results than over-ambitious larger projects. Small is beautiful except when it's ugly!
Steve Ball, UK
If there were no NGOs, what do you think would have happened to the 12 million people who were starving in Ethiopia, or the millions displaced in Sudan? They would have died in silence without a witness. At least the NGOs are serving a witnesses to crimes African regimes commit against their subjects. That is important. Other than being a witness, there is nothing much NGOs can do in Africa. Becuase the systems of governance do not allow change, and African states know the best means of controlling the peopllation is to keep them destitute.
Yusuf Mohamded, USA
I have worked for two international NGOs and the UN, in Africa, Europe and Asia. I was clearing landmines and unexploded ordnance and training national staff to do the same thing. Bearing in mind the huge number of explosive devices that I and the people I have trained have destroyed, how can this be a bad thing? When the mines are cleared, the fields can be replanted and the houses and infrastructure rebuilt. Most people do not realize the very positive impact NGOs have developing countries because NGOs tend to focus on what they doing, rather than self-promotion.
Sean Moorhouse, US
I worked for an NGO in North Wollo, Ethiopia where a vast number of the population are exposed to starvation even during the good rainy season and harvest. This organization was hiding in the mountains of North Wollo for almost a decade without making a meaningful difference on the lives of the poor. In fact, it benefited the "uppers"- some district officials, its expatriates, few literate and economically well- to- do male farmers and its national staff. This program has been recently phased out and its staff members have left the area to find better jobs in similar "non profit" organizations while the local poor are still suffering greately from hunger and disease.
Jote Chemeda, Ethiopia, USA
It is not fair to discredit the entire organization's operations in some African countries because of a few bad apples. There's an lady in Somaliland who happens to be an NGO worker and she always goes out of her way in helping Somalilanders. Her weblog "The taste of Africa, my journey to a nation unknown to the world " says it all. As far as I'm concerned this particular lady is a Saint.
Osman Qaal, Canada
Being a citizen of Matebeleland, I know what it is to be denied any form of development. I know what it is like to be denied food even that which is donated by outsiders.
I fully support the existence of NGO's, even when they are interpreted to be interfering with governance. These organisations have had some of their staff risking their lives for the sake of my people in Matebeleland. The truth be told, Matebeleland has existed since 1986 because of NGO's. The Government's aim was and remains, to exterminate us.
E.K. Maseko, USA
NGO's are made up of people that decide to go to another country, usually very distant from where they live. They go to these places only because they have a dream, that is make a better world. And if a person decides to dedicate his life for a country where he wasn't born, is not because he want to become rich with the money destined for the poorest people, but only because he wants to help.
NGOs have consistently stepped up to the plate to expose corrupt leaders, tyrrants, counter powerful multi-national corporations, advocate for the poor, stand up to powerful Western governments. Most NGOs are now the sole bread winners for millions of Africa's poor.
Eyiinahn Glay, Zahngounla, Liberia
I work for the only African NGO run by Africans, with it's headquarters in Africa: AMREF. Before that, I worked for the Red Cross. Both organisations employ local people to find local solutions. This is the only way for NGOs to have a lasting impact in comunities: to listen learn and work with the local community, and advocate with local and national Governments. Rightly, Governments do not want people from other countries who have been in their country for a short time to tell them how things should be done. But as long as so many African governments lack the funds or the will to improve health services and infrastructures for their people, sadly NGOs will always be needed. But let's keep the NGOs as indigineous and community based as we can.
Catherine Mahoney, Kenya
I have seen quite a lot of NGOs' in Nigeria and Cotonou strive to better the lives of the down trodden particullarly in remote villages where they give out food, shelter and clothing. I have also heard of some NGOs'collecting money from western donors for their selfish motives rather than what they promised to do with it. Truly, there will be no great need for proliferation of NGOs' if our leaders (government) in Africa would imbibe the spirit of 'being your brother's keeper' instead of been self centered, ego centric, greedy and covetous.
Lanre Rasaq Araba, United states of America
By its very nature, an NGO should eventually become extinct after its work is done. But who wants to lose their job?
Chris Anderson, South Africa
The NGO philosophy is not new in Africa's development. In Ghana we call them "Nkosuo Kuo" and in among the Yorubas in Nigeria, it is called "Agbe Idagbasoke". However, the 1990s wave of globalisation which introduced a new concept of multi discipline participation in development, recognised the formation and involvement of NGO's in the development process. This, in some way, has led to mis-conception that an NGO is another way of ceating jobs and amassing wealth.
One of the most common complaints seems to be the use of 4x4 vehicles used by NGOs. This is laughable. Is Africa swamped by these beasts? Of course it isn't. NGO workers often have to travel long distances over terrible roads and in dangerous environments. If they didn't have these cars they would spend more time fixing the engines then helping people. People who own 4x4s in countries like the US and Uk are wasting their money, for many NGOs it is a necessity. Of course some NGOs are bad and some are good. However, the people who could really tell you who is bad and who is good can't. They don't have internet access. Ask them who they think is doing more. NGOs or their government?
Richard, UK and East Africa
It is my belief that much more would be achieved by NGO's if they concentrated on providing developmental assistance to the poor man in the village rather than wasting time arguing with governments. Most NGOs are based in town and make noise on civil and political rights. My view is that the typical african does not need freedom of expression.These people need to be helped how to realise their social and economic rights.Most NGOs are not accountable either.They are more or less like briefcase organisations.On the other hand most african governments treat NGOs as the unofficial opposition.I believe NGOs and government can work hand in hand for the benefit of our people.
Pacharo Kayira, Malawi
Most NGO's do not have exit strategies. Projects have to be generated continually to keep them in business. They have no respect for African cultures and do not understand them. The Western governments they come from are to blame in most causes of poverty. Look at Iraq.
I have worked for NGO's and had many NGO contacts, and interestingly, I think that while many of the people I knew did a great job a lot did a very bad job (or didn't do a job at all). Why is it that there is no middle ground in this discussion? I think that sometimes the overseas staff aren't up to the job and sometimes the project can't get going because of the local situation, and of course there is corruption and sometimes a sense that people working for NGO's are glorified tourists (if from overseas) and happy to earn a reasonable salary (if they're local). NGO's need to prove themselves constantly, and if they are not meeting targets, they should be held responsible by donors and affiliated bodies.
There is no denying the fact that NGOs have made a tremendous contribution to the development of Africa obver the past two decades, especially in the area of democratisation, human rights and the rule of law. The question has always been asked - who do they represent and where do they get their mandate from? It is a difficult question to answer if you open the closet of today's NGOs. Not only have they abandoned the lofty ideals of fighting injustices, impunity, corruption, etc, but they are themselves party to these vices. There is no talk of democracy, let alone human rights and the "rule of rules" in most NGOs. It is time they put their act together.
Robert Wundeh Eno, Cameroonian in The Gambia
To a great extent the NGOs who come to mind are businesses. Yes, they may answer to "shareholders" "investors" or the concerned but terms such as accountable and democratic are deliberately used to blur the fact the aid industry is just that - An industry. How many governments are truly holding agencies accountable? It is interesting to note how development courses have mushroomed in the UK. What is wrong with administration, business and all the other courses we see people take in the UK so they can contribute to the greater good of society? Once more, agencies are very good at using those words and stock phrases such as sustainable, participation and poverty alleviation to try and differentiate themselves from businesses or administrations trying to deliver services or create wealth within a setting. What entitles me to make such sweeping statements? Fourteen years working in the aid industry as a volunteer, a member of a number of very reputable NGOs, time with the UN and as a donor and the desire to cause the debate you have opened to be brought to ever greater attention of those who drop money into collection tins believing the pennies WILL cause lasting change.
The problem of bogus NGOs is a worryingly under-researched area. Not only do they tarnish the image of genuine NGOs but may also lead to an over-estimatation of the developmental capacity of certain regions. It is not improbable that bogus NGOs fraudulently appropriate tens of millions of dollars of donor funding and charitable contributions every year. On a more normative level, it is indeed time they were rounded up!
William Greene, UK
I try to accept at face value the apparently philanthropic motivation of most people working for NGO's in Africa, but I have to question whether these organisations are really having an overall positive impact on development. It seems to me that a great deal of African and donor intellectual capital and donor financial capital gets mopped by people whose real work is sourcing funds, holding contractual obligation workshops, chatting to each other at international conferences, and filing reports which inevitably express the need for more funding and manpower. Could these resources not be put to more meaningful use ? I have started to wonder, as with IMF and World Bank loans, if development aid contributes directly to under-development.
Dr Nigel Gericke, Cape Town, South Africa
I recently travelled throughout West Africa, covering many miles on foot, via bush-taxi, by rail, by donkey and atop an occasional horse, when I was lucky. All this in the fashion and company of local people. At three o'clock in the morning, while stuck near the Senegal/Gambia border for several hours, I got a much needed lift from an NGO representative. In the latest edition of a Land Rover.
The NGO's in Africa help people resolve problems which have existed for a long time, but which governments have ignored. The group Juveniles for the Sociable Development of Angola for example, is one of NGO's which works with young Angolans who would otherwise not get the chance to make an impact. We have various projects, one of which helps the young people with their social integration after the war. Presently in Angola about 60% of the population is illiterate and we have a programme aimed at getting people reading and writing both in their local dialect and in Portugese. We feel this is essential for the development of Angola..
Rogério Celestina Cabongo, Brazil
There is a wide array of NGOs operating in Africa. Some are mobilising people to tackle poverty, but others are more interested in mobilising funding to ensure their organisation's own survival. Many seem to be struggling to adapt to their governments working closely with donors around the development of Poverty Reduction Stratgies; the new aid modality in which it is envisaged that civil society (and NGOs) will help hold their governments to account. Meanwhile INGOs and NGOs are often afraid to challenge government for fear of the financial and political repecurssions.
Haze Plunkett, Tanzania (covering East Africa)
It is interesting to see that almost all critics of NGO work live outside their home countries. Do they really know first hand what NGO are doing there?
Wolfgang Schonecke, Germany
NGO's are an indispensible partner for development. That said it is important that they remain impartial players. In Zimbabwe, some of them have become an unofficial oppostion to the government. They should leave the politics to the politicians.
Memezi Nyoni, Zimbabwe
In my village, Amaba in Abia State in Nigeria, an NGO ran by a local person is involved in distributing food and clothes to widows every year. Whatever sphere of human life they are involved in, they help to enlighten people, give hope and lend a helping hand to the needy.
chinedu ibeabuchi, nigeria
Some NGO's in Africa mean well by attacking and cutting through government incompetence and bureacracy to solve problems affecting our people. However, most of them are just money and leisure spinning entities that buy expensive 4 x 4 Land Cruisers and hold numerous unproductive seminars day in day out. A $10,000 budget to a foreign donor may not mean much to them, but it is substantial in a society where most people are poor. And some NGO's thrive on this factor - exploiting it as much as they can.
Chileshe Mutale, Zambia
They are like any other group of persons:The good and the bad. Our civil war has taught us all about them. But let me say Thank you! to Medecins Sans Frontieres who saved the life of my cousin from a bullet-torn stomach and those of thousands of other Sierra Leoneans during the recent civil war.
Abdulai Kargbo, Sierra Leone
NGOs are probably well intentioned outfits who undertake a lot of humanitarian activities. However all systematic improvement to African people have come from better governance, fiscal disipline and economic reforms. The output of NGOs have been sentimental and patronising TV programs for western consumption that provides a feel good factor. NGOs are an industry sector in their own right increasing imports (espcially of 4X4s). Other than this any sustained benefits from NGO activities are yet to be seen.
Anirudh Ganguly, UK
NGO's to a large extent are helping people here. Those in the rural areas are benefitting from food aid and conservation programmes while we in urban areas are now more educated about human rights - were it not for these NGOs, many of us would not know that our rights are being violated daily. Disturbing though, is the lavish spending by these NGOs on empolyees (believe you me, its just excessive!). If you can get a job with an NGO, especially the Aids and sustainable development ones, then your life will change overnight. This is clearly widening disparities in society and creating serious rifts in classes of the 'haves and have-nots'. So what really is the mission of NGOs?
Marie Chimuti, Harare, Zimbabwe
NGO's are crucial for delivery of social services where the state is unwilling or unable to do so. However, their role is to supplement the government not to replace it. Anything else is simply unsustainable.
TD, South Africa
NGO's are more and more becoming part of the problem instead of being part of the solution
Carlos Dominguez, Spain
Africa needs support from independent organisations who target the silent and often oppressed majority. NGOs provide resources in areas that have been neglected by some government agencies, but it is left to Africans to set the agenda and look for long term partners in development rather than short term fixes from headline grabbers.
Victor Mengot, United Kingdom
I work for a UK registered charity and we have applied to work as an international agency in Nigeria with the National Planning Commisison. Since 2001, our application has been pending. To move our application faster than this, is to give cash. As we have been unable to do this for obvious reasons our application is still pending with the National Planning Commision. Meanwhile, we continue to work on the issues of concern in this part of the work in the relieve of poverty, protection, promotion and advocacy of human rights and sustainable peace initiatives. We are unable to provide direct frontline activities due to lack of cash, but through partners we have engaged in building the capacity of local institutions to do the bulk of the work. Many intenational NGOs are working with limited cash resources to try and make the world a better and more habitable place for many communities and more especially women.
Iheoma Obibi, UK, Nigeria, Sierra Leone & Liberia
The number and duplication of NGO work is an indictment on African Governments and their inability to provide the most basic of service provisions; such as clean water, comprehensive primary health care, sustainable large scale agriculture, adult literacy etc. If our governments were effective, there wouldn't need to be the scale and volume of NGO presence in Africa. Their presence is an indictment on us.
Yeno Thorli, UK/Sierra Leone
I worked for an NGO for several years. We had the trust of donors, the government and the people we helped, because it was all done with integrity. NGO's were started because far too many nationl and local governmnets were corrupt and pocketed or misappropriated the money they were given to help their people. AT one time there were 12 African leaders who from their personal accounts, could wipe clean the debt of their entire nations. Down with such corruption, and up with honest NGO's!!
Nickie, Dallas, TX
NGOs are as diverse as the African continent itself. Of course there are some agencies that are making a difference, and some are causing more harm than good. But at least there is a choice. If one NGO isn't democratic or accountable, donors can always look for another one that meets those criteria. However, if development funds are channeled solely through national governments, when problems with corruptions and accountability arise, you can't "shop around" for a different government to work with.
Bella Lam, Canada
I think NGOs are doing a great job in Africa. I think they could do more. The NGOs usually stay in remote places in Africa and do bring about positive change in the lives of those they come in to contact with. In addition to their true humanitarian work they do bring some laughter and bewilderment to the locals who often have stories to talk about.
Those who set up NGOs with genuine concern for the development and welfare of their people are able to make some impact. But there are others who set up NGOs purposely as a money-making business for themselves. That is where the problem lies.
Kwaku Antwi-Boasiako, Reading, UK
We complain of the lifestyles of NGO workers in the countries they serve, but we must realize that these people are risking everything they have to go and help in troubled zones that many of the country's citizens run away from.
Cillaty Daboh, USA/Sierra Leone
"Do not give a hungry man fish but teach him how to fish". My question to my African fellows is why Western NGO's could not teach us how to fish rather than offering us always the fished fish?
A. Sokiri, South-Sudanese, Norway
An interesting split in the comments so far. Most contributions from the "developed" world think NGOs are doing a great job, whilst most from Africa do not. This would tend to indicate a lack of understanding in Donor countries as to both the work carried out by NGOs and their effectiveness. Perhaps the time has come to place these organisations in the hands of the people of Africa.
Dave , UK
In the interest of symmetry, perhaps international donors should pay for Africans to organize workshops, outreach and other activities to teach those of us in the US and Europe how to consume less.
David Brown, USA
I believe it is important to recognize that there is a huge difference between the huge NGOs such as Amnesty International and the grass roots programs set up by local communities. The amount of money an organization has directly affects the work that an organization does.
Katie Zobre, US
NGOs are another way for western citizens to avoid paying tax while enriching themselves.
Blessing Young, U.S.A
I used to think that NGO stood for "Nothing Going On". But more recently, I have come to learn that the word NGO stands for "Non-Governable Organisations".
Weve Buhari, Nigeria
Without the local and international NGOs, ie. left to their careless and incompetent governments, Aficans would be even worse off. On the other hand, how much aid money goes straight to the importers of Landcruisers and Pajeros?
A Schwarzlmuller, Austria
Most NGOs, especially those from western countries spend most of the money that they collect from donors to provide lavish living for their staff - large homes, large 4X4 vehicles, endless spending at nightclubs, etc. It is a pity that most Africans do not realize that they are just being fooled by these people.
Many NGOs in Africa are God sent angels especially in countries like Sierra Leone which is my country. They render a great help to the needy ones like the amputees, war affected children and even the unemployees.
Daniel Conteh, Freetown Sierra Leone
It is important to highlight that NGOs are not one homogenous group with the same foci, structures, operational mechanisms or beneficiaries. Different NGOs are set up to respond to a wide array of social, political, environmental, economic issues etc and thus have diverse stakeholders and different approaches. Broad generalisations add no value, they only fuel misinformation and weaken the role of civil society organisations in contributing to African development. An Africa without genuine and effective NGOs would be the paradise of dictators and kleptocrats.
Dapo Oyewole, UK
If we Africans learn to be responsible in handling our internal affairs, NGOs and whoever we keep blaming for our problems will stay away from us. If we smear oursevels with gorilla dung, we invite flies. With or without all the human errors that come with them, Africa needs these NGOs.
Andrew Cudjoe W., USA
If you want to know, take a keen look at the stark example of Kenya. For the past decade plus, the NGO sector has boomed, taking all the donor money the former Government could not get. Today, what do they have to show for it? Poverty levels instead ballooned by over 20 percentage points. To me, majority of NGOs in Africa are just deceivers.
Hezekiah Agwara, Kenya
What is wrong with you people? Grow up, wake up and smell the coffee. NGOs are the only entities that are trying to solve the problems Africa is facing. The reason why they are having so many problems is that the governments & politicians are ticked off because they are there working.
Terry Helton, USA
Many NGos are blessing to most African countries - apart from the relief services they provide, they are also a source employment to many local citizens of the countries they work in. So we in Africa want NGos with a clear cut vision to help us solve our multifaceted problems on our continent.
Franklin Kutaudu, Ghana.
Are all human beings good or bad? The same applies for NGOs. If an NGO does not do well, this does mean that all NGOs are therefore to be blamed, and vice versa.
Fred Kasongo, Congolese in UK
True, many NGO's in Africa are not established in the best interests of the targets they claim to serve. Only a few are genuine, and even so, they are spread thinly everwhere and make no impact at all. Many are money minting factories by their directors, others serve the interests of their sponsors abroad. It's high time NGOs that are fuelling poverty were wound up!
Malinda Harrahs, Kenyan in Germany
We have to look at the pros and cons of some NGOs before rushing to conclude they pose a serious threat to people. However, I have worked with an NGO that was devoted to helping the hepless Sudanese Refugees in Adjumani, Uganda under the UNHCR. Without its help the refugees wouldn't have obtained sufficient scholastic materials.
Dominic Woja Maku, Sudanese, Canada.
Whilst much good work is done many NGOs are extraordinarily naive when dealing with government ministers. I would also suggest it is time that NGOs occasionally got out of their expensive Land cruisers and walked, as this gives them the opportunity to meet or hear of those in greatest need.
Mark T Jones, Jordan
Frankly speaking NGOs in Africa are potential job markets for expatriates who come from the funding countries and agencies. We can't, however, dispute the work that they are doing but at the same time, the merits are more pronounced to the expatriates than the actual beneficiaries on the ground.
Yitatek Yitbarek, Ethiopian/South Africa
As an NGO worker in Africa, I can say there are many NGOS contributing to the problems instead of solving them. More accountability and monitoring is neccesary.
Sam Sanders, US
Accountability...how many words do you want the essay to be? The damage done by even the most redundant NGO is surely incomparable to the destruction caused by certain international oil/coffee/chocolate producers and the corrupted local governments who endorse their activities. NGOs are not perfect, but without them, I would loose all hope.
Matthew Bates, U.K
Many NGOs operating in Africa today are what can only be described as "God Sent" or Saviours. These organizations have and are saving thousands of lives that had no hope of a second chance to life. There are equally hundreds of other "so called" NGOs that I would rather call "Suckers". These extreme organizations are in fact, using the suffering of hopeless and helpless people to achieve other goals.
Joseph Harris, Liberian in U.S.
Ideally, NGOs are expected to help Africans overcome many ills in the continent. But, unfortunately, in a poverty-stricken continent, where accountability counts less, ninety percent of NGOs in Africa are corrupt business outfits. They deceive their Western donors and contribute nothing to the society.
Jude Odinkonigbo, Enugu, Nigeria