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Last Updated: Tuesday, 19 August 2003, 00:48 GMT 01:48 UK
Liberia peace deal: Key points

Rebel child soldier
Rebel fighters have been pulling out of Monrovia
The following are the key points of the peace deal signed by Liberia's interim government and two rebel movements - Lurd and Model - in Ghana on Monday.

Ghana's President John Kufuor, as well as representatives of the United Nations, European Union and African Union attended the signing ceremony in Accra.

  • The agreement declares an immediate ceasefire and end to the civil war.

  • The regional bloc Ecowas will establish a multinational peacekeeping force which will secure the ceasefire, create a buffer zone between the belligerents and ensure safe passage for humanitarian assistance.

  • The warring sides are to be disengaged and disarmed.

  • The army will be restructured to include rebel fighters and all irregular forces will be disbanded.

  • All political prisoners and prisoners of war are to be released immediately and unconditionally.

  • A truth and reconciliation commission - drawn from a cross-section of society - will be established to investigate past human rights abuses.

  • The current President Moses Blah - formerly Charles Taylor's vice president - will leave office by 14 October.

  • A transitional power-sharing government will follow - headed by a chairman who does not come from any of the warring factions. Its mandate will run until January 2006, when an elected government will be sworn in.

  • The rebels, Mr Blah's government, opposition parties and civil society groups will share jobs in the cabinet and parliament.

  • The chairman and vice-chairman posts in the government are restricted to candidates from political parties and civil society groups, who will be chosen by consensus.

  • The new government will have 76 members: 12 each from Mr Blah's government and the two rebel groups; 18 from political parties; seven from civil society and special interest groups; and one from each of Liberia's 15 counties.

  • The two rebel groups will be able to engage in national politics if they turn themselves into political parties.

  • Any decision taken by the transitional government will require the backing of at least 51% of the entire administration.

  • The national electoral commission will become independent and conduct elections not later than 2005, which will be overseen by foreign monitors.

  • A new supreme court is to be named.




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