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 Monday, 30 December, 2002, 09:04 GMT
Q&A: All change for Kenya
BBC News Online looks at the people and issues involved following Kenya's historic presidential election.

Who are the victors?

Kenya's opposition have won general elections, sweeping from office the party which has held power for almost 40 years since independence.

Mwai Kibaki, leading a broad based opposition alliance, the National Rainbow Coalition (Narc), comfortably defeated Uhuru Kenyatta, the candidate from the ruling Kenya African National Union (Kanu).

Narc is also set for a large majority in parliament.

Mr Kibaki, a former vice president, is backed by many former senior Kanu officials who defected and helped set up Narc earlier this year.

They felt that Mr Kenyatta had been imposed on the party by President Daniel arap Moi who was constitutionally barred from standing for re-election after 24 years in power.

Was the election free and fair?

Election observers gave the vote a clean bill of health, saying political parties were able to campaign in a far more peaceful and conducive atmosphere than in previous elections.

Anders Wijkman, head of the European Union Election Observer Mission, said: "Notwithstanding some incidents of violence and organisational shortcomings, the overall conduct of the elections constitutes an example for other countries in the region."

Votes were counted at individual polling stations, rather than in the capital, Nairobi, where some said that figures had been manipulated in the past.

There were some clashes in Western Kenya, but overall, this election was much more peaceful than in the past.

What were the major issues?

Mr Kibaki ran a campaign based on the issues of corruption and Uhuru Kenyatta's lack of political experience.

Mr Kibaki's long political career and his age, 71, went down well with voters as well as his attacks on Kanu and the rulers of Kenya for the last 39 years for corruption and mismanagement.

Kenya's economy is in the doldrums and the IMF has suspended aid because of concerns about corruption.

Mr Kenyatta, 42, only entered parliament as an MP nominated by the president in October 2001.

He had failed to be elected in 1997 when he stood in the constituency that elected his father, Kenya's first president Jomo Kenyatta, as an MP.

Before entering politics, he was a businessman and was a close associate of a key Moi supporter, Nicholas Biwott.

What happens to President Moi next?

Officially, Mr Moi will go into retirement with a handsome pension, an entourage of staff and security men, a fleet of cars and the promise of a state funeral.

The retirement package will be expensive for Kenya and will cost the country $900,000 in its first month alone.

How will the transfer of power be handled?

Mr Moi was due to step down on 5 January, but after the result became clear he decided to speed up the handover and Mr Kibaki's swearing in as Kenya's third president takes place on 30 December.

A smooth handover of power has been promised.

What are the main challenges facing Mwai Kibaki

His first task, after forming a new government, will be to try to turn around Kenya's struggling economy.

He has also pledged to tackle widespread patronage and corruption - which will help ensure Kenya returns to favour among international donors. How fast and how high this probe goes will be watched keenly by Kenyans.

Following the Mombasa bombing in December, he will also be keen to see a revival in the fortunes of Kenya's ailing tourism industry.

He is also keen to see a much debated new constitution in place, which would give the country a prime minister.

Kenyans choose a new president

Key stories

Inauguration day

Moi steps down




See also:

18 Dec 02 | Africa
17 Dec 02 | Africa
13 Dec 02 | Media reports
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