Thursday, January 7, 1999 Published at 16:04 GMT
Analysis: Sierra Leone's brutal rebellion
Children have been among the victims of rebel brutality
By Africa Reporter Caroline Hawley
The rebels say their offensive is aimed at forcing the elected government of President Ahmed Tejan Kabbah to negotiate a political settlement. Their demands include the release from prison of a key rebel leader, Foday Sankoh, who was sentenced to death in October for treason.
The ousting of the military government led to big celebrations in the capital, Freetown and the return from exile of Sierra Leone's civilian president, Ahmed Tejan Kabbah.
Ecomog said at the time that it was conducting mopping up operations against the remnants of the military government in the diamond-rich areas of the east of the country.
But in fact, the soldiers of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) and their allies in the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), had merely retreated into the bush, and were regrouping.
The RUF - led by Foday Sankoh - first took up arms in 1991, emerging out of the civil war in neighbouring Liberia.
For several years, it fought against the Sierra Leonean army. But at the time of the military coup in May 1997, the RUF joined forces with the AFRC and they have remained allies ever since.
The rebels are believed to enjoy the support of Liberia - though the government there denies this. The rebels' tactics have been brutal in the extreme - one recent offensive was code-named Operation No Living Thing.
Thousands of Sierra Leoneans have had limbs cut off by machete in a campaign of terror designed to deter villagers from supporting the government.
Many of the RUF's fighters are children - some as young as eight or nine - who have been abducted and forcibly recruited during attacks on local villages.