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Thursday, 31 October, 2002, 17:45 GMT
Somalis told to make peace work
Somali delegates
The turnout in Eldoret has exceeded expectations

President Daniel Arap Moi has urged Somali delegates to implement the peace agreement struck at the weekend in the Kenyan town of Eldoret.

Mr Moi was speaking at a ceremony which formally brings to a close the first phase of negotiations aimed at bringing peace to Somalia.

When the hundreds of Somali delegates gathered in Eldoret, many thought the conference would be little more than a talking shop.

Optimism

But two weeks on, it is been seen as the best chance for peace in years.

Mogadishu
The transitional government has little control outside Mogadishu
What's changed is the participation of powerful faction leaders, as well as politicians and civil society.

The last real attempt to bring peace to Somalia was doomed because it excluded the warlords.

A transitional government resulted, but the administration has been too weak to take on rival clan leaders.

At a ceremony in Eldoret this afternoon, speakers endorsed this weekend's peace agreement - a deal which calls for a ceasefire and a new system of government.

But Kenyan President Daniel arap Moi added a cautionary note: "If you sign an agreement," he said, "you have to implement it."

This indeed is the difficult part. Somalia has descended into a state of anarchy.

It is not clear who, if anyone, will have the power to enforce a peace agreement, or to disarm the militia.


Politics

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24 Oct 02 | Africa
16 Oct 02 | Africa
24 Dec 01 | Africa
12 Mar 02 | Country profiles
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