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Commonwealth Games 2002

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Monday, 21 January, 2002, 15:34 GMT
Mount Nyiragongo: Trail of destruction
Vulcanologists believe that the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo has subsided a week after streams of lava burst from its flanks and engulfed the town of Goma.

Here is how the eruption unfolded:




Latest eruption:

1 Rivers of lava pour down the volcano's flanks into a valley to the south, destroying 14 villages

2 Stream of lava flows across the runway at Goma airport, igniting aviation fuel stores

3 Lava reaches Goma, cutting the town in half and causing widespread devastation

4 About 300,000 people flee into neighbouring Rwanda

5 Lava reaches Lake Kivu, raising fears it would disturb methane on the lake bed

Previous major eruptions:

  • 1994-96, 1982, 1977

    1977:

  • Lava lake at the summit of Nyiragongo suddenly drains from fissures at speeds of up to 40 miles per hour (60 kmh). About 70 people were killed.

    1994:

  • A smaller lake reforms in the crater approximately 130 feet (40 m) in diameter.


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