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The BBC's Alan Little
"A remarkable child"
 real 56k

Nkosi and his foster mother, Gail
Mother and son talk about his fear of dying
 real 56k

The BBC's Nick Childs
"Nelson Mandela was one of the first to express his sorrow"
 real 28k

Friday, 1 June, 2001, 12:18 GMT 13:18 UK
South African Aids icon dies
Nkosi
Nkosi was an icon for Aids campaigners
The 12-year-old boy whose plight dramatised the Aids epidemic in South Africa has died in his sleep.

Nkosi Johnson, who collapsed with Aids-related brain damage in December, had been praised by Nelson Mandela as an icon in the struggle against HIV/Aids.


We chatted about death... He had strong feelings about letting me down

Nkosi's foster mother
A Johnson family spokesman said that Nkosi died at 0540 local time (0340 GMT) after a desperate final battle against the disease.

Former South African president Nelson Mandela said he was an example for the whole world to follow.

"It's a great pity that this young man has departed. He was exemplary in showing how one should handle a disaster of this nature," Mr Mandela told reporters.

"He was very bold about it and he touched many hearts," he said.

Nkosi will be particularly remembered for a speech he made at the World Aids Conference in Durban last July.

"You can't get Aids by hugging, kissing, holding hands. We are normal human beings, we can walk, we can talk," he told delegates.

Catalyst

BBC correspondent in Johannesburg Allan Little says that Nkosi had shaken South Africa, where one in nine people are HIV positive, out of a state of deep denial.

Gail and Nkosi Johnson
Gail Johnson wanted Nkosi to find a purpose
Nkosi was born with HIV and was the longest surviving child born with the virus in the country.

His mother has since died of Aids, and he was adopted when he was two by a foster mother, Gail Johnson.

Speaking before his death Ms Johnson said: "We chatted about death... He had strong feelings about letting me down," she said.

"I told him I would miss him and no one could take his place."

In the absence of money for drugs, Nkosi had survived on a healthy diet, vitamin supplements and minimising the stress of being HIV positive.

Ms Johnson attempted to give him a purpose by turning him into a spokesman for Aids awareness at a time when the country's infected population was silenced by the suffocating stigma of fear and prejudice.


I hate having this disease

Nkosi Johnson
But for Nkosi, who had seen his real mother die of Aids, the frightening inevitability of his own impending death was never far away.

"I feel I am going to die quickly, like my mother died, very soon," he told the BBC. "But at least she got to be a grown up. I hate having this disease."

Ms Johnson has said: ''He's given Aids a face and allowed people who are still afraid of being associated with Aids to grieve openly. Most importantly perhaps, his fight and his bravery have given hope to many, many people."  

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See also:

18 May 01 | Correspondent
Nkosi's story
23 Apr 01 | Africa
Aids boy's robbery ordeal
04 Feb 01 | Africa
Aids boy too ill for birthday
14 Jan 01 | From Our Own Correspondent
Words of hope from child Aids victim
19 Oct 00 | From Our Own Correspondent
South Africa's untouchables
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