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Friday, 27 April, 2001, 13:43 GMT 14:43 UK
Bishop charged with genocide
Skulls of victims of the Rwandan genocide
More than 750,000 people died in the genocide
A Rwandan bishop who was arrested in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, on Thursday has been charged with genocide and conspiracy to commit crimes against humanity by a UN tribunal in Tanzania.

Bishop Samuel Musabyimana, who was transferred to the Tanzanian town of Arusha following his arrest, has been charged there by the UN Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda which is holding genocide hearings in Tanzania.

The Anglican bishop was arrested in South Africa last year after arriving there on a false passport, but a bureaucratic error led to his deportation to Kenya.

More than 750,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed in the genocide.

The Kenyan lawyer acting for Samuel Musabyimana says he was arrested outside his Nairobi apartment by members of the Kenyan criminal investigation department and UN officials.

Church under scrutiny

At the time of the genocide in 1994, Samuel Musabyimana was the Anglican bishop in a diocese 40km (25 miles) south-west of the Rwandan capital, Kigali.

According to thea statement from the ICTR, the bishop is accused of having publicly stated prior to the start of the genocide that "the situation for the Tutsi was very bad and that their end had arrived".

"As the refugees arrived at his Shyogwe diocese, Musabyamana instructed his subordinate to register them according to their ethnic groups, a list that was later used to select Tutsi refugees who were taken to nearby sites to be killed," the ICTR statement said.

The bishop is also alleged to have paid the Hutu militias who carried out the killings, the statement said.

Shortly after the genocide was over, survivors and investigators began to ask questions about the role played by certain members of the church.

Mr Musabyimana was apparently arrested last year in South Africa after entering the country on a false passport.

But a mix-up by the South African authorities led him to be deported to Kenya instead of being handed over to the tribunal.

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See also:

17 Apr 01 | Europe
Rwanda nuns in genocide trial
17 Jul 00 | Africa
Rwanda counts its dead
05 Jul 00 | Africa
UN general's Rwandan nightmares
22 Jan 00 | Africa
Rwanda updates genocide list
16 Dec 99 | Africa
UN admits failure in Rwanda
24 Apr 01 | Country profiles
Country profile: Rwanda
02 Apr 01 | Africa
The scars of genocide
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