Not in Cabinet Norman Fowler, Transport Minister John Biffen, Chief Secretary to the Treasury David Howell, Energy Secretary Norman St John Stevas, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Humphrey Atkins, Northern Ireland Secretary George Younger, Scottish Secretary Michael Heseltine, Environment Secretary Nicholas Edwards, Welsh Secretary Patrick Jenkin, Social Services Secretary John Nott, Trade Secretary Mark Carlisle, Education Secretary Angus Maude, Paymaster General Sir John Hunt, Secretary to the Cabinet Sir Ian Gilmour, Lord Privy Seal Lord Soames, Lord President of the Council Sir Keith Joseph, Industry Secretary Lord Carrington, Foreign Secretary and Overseas Development William Whitelaw, Home Secretary Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister Lord Hailsham, Lord Chancellor Sir Geoffrey Howe, Chancellor of the Exchequer Francis Pym, Defence Minister James Prior, Employment Secretary Peter Walker, Agriculture Minister
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It is 25 years since Margaret Thatcher became prime minister. Click on an individual in the image or use the drop-down menu below to find out more about the members of her first cabinet, and what has happened to them since.

Sir Keith Joseph

Following the Tories' 1974 election defeat, Keith Joseph stepped aside to allow Margaret Thatcher to become party leader. He was given responsibility for policy before being appointed trade secretary in 1979.

Seen as the intellectual driving force of Thatcherism, he was dubbed "the mad monk" by opponents. By 1981, he had moved to education, paving the way for GCSEs and the national curriculum.

He left the cabinet in 1986 and stepped down as an MP after the 1987 General Election. He became a life peer, Baron Joseph of Portsoken, in the dissolution honours list. He died aged 76 in December 1994.

Sir Keith Joseph, Industry Secretary


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