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Photo journal: Rise and fall of mass production
Oil Crisis

The first signs that all was not well with Detroit was the 1973 oil crisis, when Middle East producers declared a boycott.

Queues formed at petrol stations, and consumers for the first time switched in large numbers to smaller, more economical cars often made by the Japanese which they found more reliable.

The Detroit-made cars had more defects, and Detroit's attempts to build a successful small car failed.

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