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Poverty returns

As the 1960s got into full swing, social scientists started to look at poverty in a different way.

Seebohm Rowntree's measure - whether a person could afford the basics of life was abandoned. Instead, relative poverty measures became key.

In 1965, two social scientists, Brian Abel-Smith and Peter Townsend, concluded that anyone living on below half the average income should be defined as being in poverty.

More recently, the way poverty is measured has been refined further. Today, it is estimated that one in five Britons lives in poverty.

Graph showing decline and rise in proportion of the UK population deemed below the poverty line from 1961 to 1999
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