Saddam Hussein frequently clashed with presiding judges during the Dujail trial.
Some of the sharpest exchanges occurred with Judge Rauf Abdel Rahman, who replaced Judge Rizgar Amin in January 2006. Excerpts follow.
SADDAM AND JUDGE RAHMAN: 5 November 2006
[Chief Judge Rauf Abdel Rahman orders Saddam Hussein to stand to hear the verdict. Two bailiffs force the former Iraqi leader to stand, one twisting his arm.]
Chief Judge: The court has decided to sentence defendant Saddam Hussein al-Majid to death by hanging until he is dead...
Saddam Hussein, shouting over the judge: Long live the people. Long live the nation. Down with the traitors...
Chief Judge, hammering his gavel and raising his voice: ...crimes against humanity, and found guilty in accordance with articles... Iraq's High Tribunal...
Saddam Hussein, shouting over the judge's words: Down with the invaders. God is great. God is Great. God is great... To hell with your articles and clauses...
SADDAM AND JUDGE RAHMAN: 22 MAY 2006
Saddam Hussein, objecting to the expulsion of one of his lawyers: I'm Saddam Hussein, president of Iraq. I am above you and above your father.
Judge, angrily: You are a defendant now, not a president.
SADDAM AND JUDGE RAHMAN: 1 MARCH 2006
Judge, shutting off Saddam's microphone as he makes political speech: Respect yourself!
Saddam Hussein, shouting: You respect yourself!
Judge: You are a defendant in a major criminal case, concerning the killing of innocents. You have to respond to this charge.
Saddam Hussein: What about those who are dying in Baghdad? Are they not innocents? I am talking to the Iraqi people.
SADDAM AND JUDGE RAHMAN: 14 FEB 2006
Saddam Hussein, shouting as he enters court: Long live the mujahideen!.. I say to all Iraqis: Fight and liberate your country!... [later addressing the judge] Hit your own head with that gavel.
SADDAM AND JUDGE RAHMAN: 13 FEB 2006
Saddam Hussein, entering court: Down with Bush. Long live the nation... [addressing judge] Why have you brought us here by force? Your authority gives you the right to try a defendant in absentia. Are you trying to overcome your own smallness?
Judge: The law will be implemented.
Saddam Hussein, shouting: Degradation and shame upon you, Raouf.
SADDAM AND NEW PRESIDING JUDGE RAHMAN: 29 JAN 2006
Saddam Hussein, after being ordered to leave the court for speaking out of turn: I led you for 35 years and you order me out of the court?
Judge: I am the judge, you are the defendant. You have to obey me.
SADDAM AND JUDGE AMIN: TRIAL OPENS 19 OCT 2005
Judge Mr Saddam, we want your identity. Full name, please...
Saddam went into the trial refusing to recognise the court
Saddam Hussein: First of all, who are you? What are you? I want to know who you are. Are you judges?.. I have been here in this building... from eight in the morning.
Judge: Please sit down, Mr Saddam. Later. We'll get down the identities of the others, and later we'll start with you.
Saddam Hussein: And from nine AM I've been dressed.
Judge: Well, now so you can sit down and relax, give your identity and make yourself comfortable.
Saddam Hussein: You know me... I do not tire.
Judge: These are official matters, we have to hear from you your identity. These are formalities, so please.
Saddam Hussein: I don't have anything against any of you. But adhering to the truth and respecting the will of the great Iraqi people in choosing me, I say: I do not respond to this so-called court, with all due respect to its people, and I retain my constitutional right as the president of Iraq.
Judge:These matters can be put off until later. This is not the place.
Saddam Hussein: Neither do I recognise the body that has designated and authorised you, nor the aggression. All that is built on a false basis is false.
[Saddam Hussein finally sits down and the judge reads out his name, calling him the "former president of Iraq"]
Saddam Hussein: I said I'm the president of Iraq... I did not say "deposed"...